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Science & Tech > Biology > Proteins

Now updated for CSW19. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.

abrin a poisonous protein present in the jequirity bean.
actin a protein found in muscle.
albumin (Lat.) the protein part of egg-white.
aleuron a protein found in flour.
aleurone a protein found in flour.
aleuronic of or like aleuron, a protein found in flour.
angiotensin a protein that causes a rise in blood pressure.
antiporter a membrane protein that transports substances across cell membranes.
apo (Short for) apolipoprotein, a type of protein.
apoenzyme a protein component which combines with a coenzyme.
apoprotein the protein component of a conjugated protein.
aquaporin any of a group of proteins in a cell membrane that allow the passage of water across the membrane.
avidin a protein found in egg-white.
calmodulin a protein found in plant and animal cells.
capsid a proteinaceous viral cover.
capsomer a protein forming a capsid.
capsomere any of the protein units that together form the capsid of a virus.
casein a protein obtained from milk, forming the basis of cheese.
caseinogen the principal protein of milk, converted to casein by rennin.
caseose a proteose, a substance derived from protein in digestion.
chemokine a type of protein.
chromoprotein any of various proteins (as hemoglobins, carotenoids, or flavoproteins) having a pigment as a prosthetic group.
colicin a protein lethal to other colonobacilli.
colicine a protein lethal to other colonobacilli.
collagen a fibrous protein that is the chief constituent of connective tissue and yields gelatin on boiling.
concanavalin a protein that occurs in the jack bean and is a mitogen and hemagglutinin.
cyclin a type of protein.
cytokine a protein chemical messenger that assists the immune system.
daidzein a type of protein.
dystrophin a protein essential to normal muscle function, found to be lacking in muscular dystrophy sufferers.
elastin a protein, the chief constituent of elastic tissue.
eledoisin a small protein from the salivary glands of various octopuses.
euglobulin a simple protein that does not dissolve in pure water.
ferredoxin an iron-containing plant protein.
ferritin a protein in which iron is stored in the liver.
fibrillin a protein found in connective tissue.
fibrin an insoluble protein formed by enzyme action from fibrinogen when blood coagulates, which forms a fibrous network round the clot.
flagellin a polymeric protein that is the chief constituent of bacterial flagella.
flavoprotein a protein which serves as an electron carrier in the electron transfer chain.
gliadin one of a group of proteins found in wheat and rye, aka prolamine.
gliadine one of a group of proteins found in wheat and rye, aka prolamine.
globin a protein constituent of haemoglobin.
globulin any of a group of simple proteins, including gamma globulin, that are generally insoluble in water but soluble in salt solutions.
glucoprotein any of the compounds formed by the conjugation of a protein with a substance containing a carbohydrate group other than a nucleic acid.
glutelin a simple protein found in cereals.
glutenin a type of protein.
glycoprotein any of the compounds formed by the conjugation of a protein with a substance containing a carbohydrate group other than a nucleic acid.
haptoglobin a protein that combines with free haemoglobin in the blood and prevents its filtration through the kidney.
harpin a type of protein produced by pathogens in plants that trigger the plant's defence mechanism.
hemoprotein a conjugated protein, such as hemoglobin or cytochrome, whose prosthetic group is a porphyrin combined with iron.
histone any of a group of simple proteins present in chromosomes and believed to act as gene inhibitors.
hordein a protein found in barley grain.
immunoglobulin an immune protein.
integrin any of a superfamily of cell surface proteins that bind to components of the extracellular matrix, facilitating the cell adhesion and signalling.
interferon any of several proteins produced by cells infected with a virus and having the ability to inhibit viral growth.
interleukin any of a group of proteins that control the production of blood cells and play an important part in the combating of infection.
isoform a protein similar in function but not in form to another.
kallikrein a hypotensive protein that liberates kinins from blood plasma proteins.
lactalbumin a protein, present in milk, which contains all of the essential amino acids.
lactoglobulin a crystalline protein fraction that is obtained from the whey of milk.
lactoprotein any protein present in milk.
laminin a type of protein.
lectin any of a number of naturally occurring substances, usually proteins derived from plants, which act like antibodies but are not formed in response to an antigen.
leptin a protein produced by fat cells in the body.
leucosin a cereal albumin or simple protein.
lipoprotein a water-soluble protein found in the blood, which carries cholesterol.
luciferin a protein-like substance in the luminous organs of certain animals, which is acted on by the enzyme luciferase to produce bioluminescence.
metaprotein a protein denatured by acid or alkaline hydrolysis that is soluble in acids or alkalis but insoluble in water.
monellin a protein extracted from a West African red berry.
monokine a type of protein.
mucoprotein any of various complex conjugated proteins that contain polysaccharides and occur in body fluids and tissues.
myoglobin a protein that stores oxygen in muscle.
myostatin a protein that prevents muscles from growing too large.
nucleoprotein a compound that consists of a protein (as a histone) conjugated with a nucleic acid (as a DNA) and that is the principal constituent of the hereditary material in chromosomes.
opsin a protein which forms part of the visual pigment rhodopsin.
paracasein another name for casein.
phaseolin a protein found in kidney beans.
phosphoprotein any of various proteins, such as casein, that contain combined phosphoric acid.
plastocyanin a copper-containing protein that acts as an intermediary in photosynthetic electron transport.
polylysine a protein whose polypeptide chain consists entirely of lysine residues.
polysome a cluster of protein particles.
porin any of a class of proteins through which molecules can diffuse.
prolamin one of a group of proteins found in wheat and rye.
prolamine one of a group of proteins found in wheat and rye.
properdin a natural protein in blood that helps provide immunity to infectious disease.
protamin any of a class of simple basic proteins which occur combined with nucleic acids (esp in fish sperm).
protamine any of a class of simple basic proteins which occur combined with nucleic acids (esp in fish sperm).
proteid an archaic name for protein.
proteide (US) protein.
proteinaceous of or related to protein.
proteinic relating to protein.
proteinous of or related to protein.
proteose a substance derived from protein in digestion.
pyin a protein contained in pus.
scleroprotein a large class of proteins found in skeletal and connective tissue.
sclerotin in insects, a protein in the cuticle that becomes hard and dark.
siderophilin any of a group of blood glycoproteins that transport iron, aka transferrin.
sozin a type of protein.
sozine a type of protein.
spectrin any one of a class of fibrous proteins found in the membranes of red blood cells, the brain, the intestine, etc.
thrombogen a protein present in blood that is essential for the formation of thrombin.
thyroglobulin an iodine-containing protein of the thyroid gland that is the precursor of thyroxine and triiodothyronine.
tropomyosin a filamentous protein which controls the interaction of actin and myosin in muscle fibres.
troponin a protein of muscle.
tubulin a globular protein which forms the basic unit for the contraction of microtubules.
vitellin a phosphoprotein present in the yolks of eggs.
zein a protein found in Indian corn.