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Science & Tech > Biology > Amino Acids


Now updated for CSW15. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.


alanin an amino acid, a common constituent of proteins.
alanine an amino acid, a common constituent of proteins.
arginine one of the essential amino acids.
asparagine an amino acid found in asparagus and other vegetables.
aspartic as in aspartic acid, an amino acid found in young sugar-cane, etc, and formed by the hydrolysis of asparagine.
citrulline an amino acid formed in the production of urea.
cystein an amino acid that oxidizes to cystine.
cysteine an amino acid that oxidizes to cystine.
cysteinic relating to cysteine.
cystine the dimer resulting from oxidation of the amino acid cysteine, that forms a disulphide bridge in proteins, esp keratin.
deaminate to remove the amino acid from a compound.
deamination the act of deaminating.
deaminise to remove the amino acid from a compound.
deaminize to remove the amino acid from a compound.
dipeptide a peptide formed by the combination of two amino acids.
dopa a naturally-occurring amino acid, a form of which, L-dopa, is used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease.
ethionine an amino acid.
glutamic as in glutamic acid, an important amino acid, a constituent of most proteins.
glutamine a neutral amino acid found in proteins.
glutaminic as in glutamic acid, an important amino acid, a constituent of most proteins.
glycin the simplest amino acid, present in proteins, a sweetish colourless crystalline solid first prepared from glue, formerly known as glycocoll.
glycine the simplest amino acid, present in proteins, a sweetish colourless crystalline solid first prepared from glue, formerly known as glycocoll.
glycocoll another name for glycine.
glycollic pertaining to, or derived from, glycol; as glycollic acid.
histidin an amino acid found in proteins.
histidine an amino acid found in proteins.
homocysteine a kind of amino acid.
hydroxyproline an amino acid.
isoleucine an essential amino acid.
leucin an essential amino-acid, a product of protein hydrolysis.
leucine an essential amino-acid, a product of protein hydrolysis.
lysine an essential amino acid.
methionine an essential sulphur-bearing amino acid.
penicillamine an amino acid obtained from penicillins, used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
peptid any of a number of substances formed from amino acids in which the amino group of one is joined to the carboxyl group of another.
peptide any of a number of substances formed from amino acids in which the amino group of one is joined to the carboxyl group of another.
peptidic relating to a peptide, a combination of amino acids.
phenylalanin an essential amino acid present in most proteins.
phenylalanine an essential amino-acid present in most proteins.
proline an amino acid commonly occurring in proteins.
serine a polar amino acid found in protein and synthesized in the body.
threonine an essential amino acid.
tryptophan an essential amino acid.
tryptophane an essential amino acid.
tyrosine an amino acid formed by decomposition of proteins, first obtained from cheese.
valine an amino acid, essential to health and growth in humans and vertebrate animals.