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Science & Tech > Biology > Evolution


Now updated for CSW15. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.


abiogenesis the supposed spontaneous origination of living organisms directly from lifeless matter.
abiogenetic relating to abiogenesis, the origination of life by nonliving matter.
abiogenetically (Adv.) ABIOGENETIC, relating to abiogenesis.
abiogenic relating to abiogenesis, the origination of life by nonliving matter.
abiogenically (Adv.) ABIOGENIC, relating to abiogenesis, the origination of life by nonliving matter.
abiogenist a believer in abiogenesis, the supposed spontaneous origination of living organisms directly from lifeless matter.
allopatric pertaining to populations which inhabit separate geographical areas.
allopatrically (Adv.) ALLOPATRIC, pertaining to populations which inhabit separate geographical areas.
anagenesis so-called progressive ('upward') evolution.
anaplasia reversion of plant or animal cells to a simpler form.
anlage (Ger.) the first discernible rudiment of an organ.
anthropogenic pertaining to anthropogeny, the study of human generation or evolution.
anthropogeny the study of human generation or evolution.
atavist one who believes in atavism.
bathmic relating to bathmism, directive evolutionary force.
bathmism a supposed directive force in evolution.
bathybius a substance on the sea bottom formerly thought to be living matter.
biogeny the course of organic evolution.
biopoiesis the creation of living from nonliving material as an evolutionary process.
caenogenesis the state where adaptations to the needs of the young stages develop early, and disappear in the adult stage.
caenogenetic relating to caenogenesis, the state where adaptations to the needs of the young stages develop early, and disappear in the adult stage.
cenogenesis environmentally-moderated developmental aspects.
cenogenetic relating to cenogenesis.
cenogenetically (Adv.) CENOGENETIC, relating to cenogenesis.
cenospecies a species that can interbreed.
cephalisation in animal evolution, the specialization of the anterior end or head as the site of the mouthparts, sensory organs and principal ganglia of the central nervous system.
cephalization the gradually increasing concentration of brain in evolution.
cladogenesis the evolutionary change and diversification resulting from the branching off of new species from common ancestral lineages.
cladogenetic relating to cladogenesis.
coadapted mutually adapted.
coenospecies a species that can interbreed.
coevolution the parallel evolution of two kinds of organisms that are interdependent, like flowers and their pollinators, and where any change in one will result in an adaptive response in the other.
coevolutionary relating to coevolution.
coevolve to evolve together with.
congeneric of the same genus, origin or nature; (noun) something of the same genus.
congenerical of the same genus, origin or nature.
coordinal of plants and animals, belonging to the same order.
dendrogram a branching diagram to show eg evolutionary descent.
evolute to develop by evolution.
evolution the cumulative change in the genetic composition of a population of an organism over succeeding generations.
evolutional relating to evolution.
evolutionism belief in evolution.
evolutionistic related to evolutionism.
evolutive promoting evolution.
evolvable that can be evolved.
evolve to develop.
evolvement the act of evolving, evolution.
evolver one who evolves.
exapted biologically adapted.
exaptive involving biological adaptation.
fortuitism belief in evolution by chance variation.
fortuitist one who believes in evolution by chance variation.
hominin any member of the taxonomic tribe Hominini, usually taken to comprise humans and their direct ancestors, but sometimes taken also to include chimpanzees.
hominisation the evolutionary development of human characteristics that differentiate hominids from their primate ancestors.
hominise to alter the environment to conform with the requirements of evolving man.
hominization the evolutionary development of human characteristics that differentiate hominids from their primate ancestors.
hominize to alter the environment to conform with the requirements of evolving man.
homogeny correspondence of structure due to common descent.
homologic relating to homology.
homologue a thing exactly or relatively corresponding in structure.
homology correspondence in evolutionary origin (of organs, parts, etc.).
homomorph a thing having the same form as another.
homophyllic exhibiting homophyly, resemblance due to common ancestry.
homophyly resemblance due to common ancestry.
homoplasmy the quality or fact of being homoplastic.
homoplastic similar in structure and development but not descended from a recent common source.
homoplastically (Adv.) HOMOPLASTIC, similar in structure and development but not descended from a recent common source.
homoplasty the quality or fact of being homoplastic.
homoplasy the quality or fact of being homoplastic.
homopolymer a DNA or RNA strand whose nucleotides are all of the same kind.
homopolymeric of or like a homopolymer.
homoscedastic of equal scatter or variation; having equal variances.
homotaxial showing homotaxis.
homotaxially (Adv.) HOMOTAXIAL, arranged in a similar manner.
homotaxic showing homotaxis.
homotaxis coincidence in order of organic succession but not necessarily in time.
homotypal of the same type of structure; pertaining to a homotype; as, homotypal parts.
humanoid something having human form.
kainogenesis the state where adaptations to the needs of the young stages develop early, and disappear in the adult stage.
kenogenesis the state where adaptations to the needs of the young stages develop early, and disappear in the adult stage.
macroevolution evolution that results in relatively large and complex changes, as in species formation.
macromutation an abnormally great change in the characteristics of a population of animals or plants over relatively few successive generations.
memetics the study of genetic transmission of culture.
microevolution comparatively minor evolutionary change involving the accumulation of variations in populations usually below the species level.
morphogeny the history of the evolution of forms.
mutagenesis the origin or induction of a mutation.
mutant something that undergoes mutation.
mutate to undergo mutation.
mutation the act of changing.
mutationist a believer in evolution by mutation.
neomorph a structure, part, or organ developed independently, that is, not derived from a similar structure, part, or organ, in a preexisting form.
neurism a supposed 'nerve-force', acting on evolution.
noogenesis evolution of the mind.
orthogenesis the belief that biological variation results in new species, always along the same path.
panmictic connected with or exhibiting panmixia, cessation of the influence of natural selection.
panmixia random mating within a population, esp of a model system.
panmixis (Greek) random mating within a breeding population.
panspermatic relating to panspermia.
panspermic of or pertaining to panspermy; as, the panspermic hypothesis.
panspermist a believer in panspermism.
panspermy the theory that life could be diffused through the universe by means of germs carried by meteorites.
phrenism a supposed 'mind-force' presumed to be active in evolution.
phrenitic affected by phrenitis.
phylesis the course of evolutionary development.
phyletic relating to a phylum; according to presumed evolutionary descent.
phyletically (Adv.) PHYLETIC, pertaining to phylogeny or phylogenetic development.
phyletics the study of the evolution of species.
phylogenesis the evolutionary development of a species or other group of organisms through a succession of forms.
phylogenetic relating to phylogenesis, the evolutionary development of a species or other group of organisms through a succession of forms.
phylogenic relating to phylogenesis, the evolutionary development of a species or other group of organisms through a succession of forms.
phylogeny the evolutionary development of a species, a group of organisms, or a particular feature of an organism.
polygeny multiple origin, esp of mankind.
polyphyletic descending from more than one original type.
prebiotic before life; (noun) a natural substances in some foods that encourage the growth of healthy bacteria in the gut.
prehominid preceding the evolution of hominids; (noun) a ancestor of hominids.
prehuman before the appearance of man; (noun) a creature appearing before man.
preman occurring before the appearance of man; (noun) a hominid or manlike creature that lived before the appearance of Homo erectus and H. sapiens.
protohuman a prehistoric primate, a supposed ancestor of modern man.
prototherian pertaining to a member of Prototheria, which comprises the order Monotremata and related fossil forms; (noun) a member of the Prototheria.
punctuationist a believer in punctuated equilibrium.
raciation the formation locally of new biological groups smaller than species.
saltant a changed or mutated form of an organism that has developed suddenly.
saltate to undergo saltation, sudden metamorphosis; mutation.
saltationism punctuation in evolution.
saltationist someone who supports saltationism as a theory.
serovar a subdivision of a species.
sinanthropus peking fossil man.
speciation the act of forming a species.
speciational relating to speciation.
subhuman one that is less than human.
subman a creature like a man.
throwback a reversion (eg to an earlier developmental type).
vicariant a species, variety, etc., of plant or animal forming the counterpart in one area or on one soil to a closely related form native to another area.
wholism the philosophical theory that a complex system is more than the sum of its parts.