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Language > Tup - Zulu > Tupi


Now updated for CSW15. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.


acouchi acouchy a relative of the AGOUTI. [Tupi acuchy].
ai the three-toed sloth.
anhinga a kind of bird, the water turkey. [Tupi ayinga].
ani a tropical American bird.
anime animi a tree resin. [Tupi wana'ni].
arapaima a large fresh-water food fish of South America, aka PIRARUCU.
araroba a Brazilian tree; a bitter yellow powder, Goa powder, obtained from it and used as a purgative and in the treatment of skin disease; the powder is also known as CHRYSAROBIN.
araponga arapunga the S. American bell-bird, aka CAMPANERO.
assai a S. American palm.
babassu babacu a Brazilian palm tree. [Brazilian Port. babaçú f. Tupi yb´ fruit + guasu large.]
balata the gum of the bully-tree, used as a substitute for rubber.
buriti a South American palm tree
bussu a tropical American palm with gigantic leaves that serve for cloth. [Port. f. Tupi ubu-ussu, f. ubu leaf + ussu big.]
caatinga in Brazil, open, low forest on white sandy soil derived from granite. [Port. f. Tupi, f. ca´ natural vegetation, forest + tinga white.]
candiru a tiny S. American fish which can swim into a body orifice, where it attaches itself by means of a spine and feeds on blood and body tissue. [Tupi kandiru].
capybara a large S. American rodent. [Sp. capibara or Port. capivara, f. Tupi capiu´ra, f. capi grass + u´ra eater.]
caranna carauna a resinous substance yielded by various S. American trees. [Spanish from Tupi].
cariama seriema a large South American bird related to the cranes. It preys upon snakes and is often domesticated. [Ult. from Tupi siriema, sariama, çariama, explained as 'crested'].
carnauba carnahuba a S. American tree yielding a fine wax.
cashew a large tree, Anacardium occidentale, native to tropical America and cultivated for its edible kidney-shaped nuts; the nut itself. [Tupi (a)caju)].
cassareep cassaripe the juice of the cassava root, made into syrup and used in sauces.
coaita the native name of certain South American monkeys of the genus Ateles.
coati coatimundi a tropical American plantigrade carnivorous mammal.
copaiba copaiva a balsam of aromatic odour and acrid taste obtained from S. American leguminous trees of the genus Copaifera. Formerly also, a tree yielding this. [Port. copaíba (whence Sp. copaiba) f. Tupi copaiba]. Also
cotinga a passerine bird of the tropical American family Cotingidae, noted for its brilliant plumage. [Tupi cutinga].
cumarin coumarin an aromatic chromone, C9H6O2, with the smell of new- mown hay, occurring in various plants and used in perfumery etc. [Tupi cumaru, Tonka bean].
genip genipap genipapo guinep a tropical American tree, Genipa americana, which yields a dye used in tattooing; its fruit, resembling an orange in appearance. [Port. jenipapo f. Tupi ianipaba.]
guarana a Brazilian liana, Paullinia cupana, of the soapberry family; a paste prepared from the seeds of this shrub, used as a food or medicine and esp. to make a drink resembling coffee. [Port. f. Tupi guaran´.]
guarani a monetary unit of Paraguay.
igapo gapo in Peru, a riverside forest periodically flooded.
igarape a canoe waterway in Brazil.
jabiru a large Brazilian stork.
jaborandi a Brazilian plant; the sweat-inducing drug it yields
jaboticaba a Brazilian tree of the myrtle family.
jacamar any of various small insectivorous birds of tropical S. America of the family Galbulidae, with partly iridescent plumage. [Fr. from Tupi].
jacana a long-toed swamp bird. [Portuguese, from Tupi].
jacaranda a tropical tree with lilac-coloured flowers. [Portuguese, from Tupi].
jacare the caiman.
jaguarondi jaguarundi a Brazilian wild cat.
jupati a large Brazilian palm tree. [Tupi yupati].
mandioc mandioca manioc manioca mandiocca manihoc manihot a plant of the manioc genus; cassava. [Tupi mandioca].
margay an American wild cat (Felis tigrina), ranging from Mexico to Brazil. It is spotted with black. [Port. maracaj'a f. Tupi marakaya.]
massaranduba masseranduba maceranduba the Brazilian milk-tree.
matamata the bearded tortoise of South American rivers. [Portuguese, from Tupí matamat´].
mico the black-tailed marmoset.
miriti any palm of the genus Mauritia.
moriche a tall S. American palm, Mauritia flexuosa, used as a source of sago, fibre, and (from the sap) wine. [Carib morìche, morìchi, muriche = Tupi mburíti.]
motuca mutuca a large Brazilian biting fly. [Port. f. Tupi mutuca].
nandu nandoo nhandu the RHEA, or S. American ostrich.
oiticica any of several tropical S. American trees, whose crushed seeds yield an oil used in paints and varnishes. [Port. f. Tupi oitisica, f. uita plant name + isika resin.]
ouakari uakari a short-tailed, long-haired monkey.
paca a South American rodent, the spotted cavy. [Sp. & Port. f. Tupi p´ca].
peba a long-nosed armadillo of the genus Dasypus. [Tupi tatu-peba, f. tatu armadillo + peba low.]
perai pirai a South American fish, the piranha. [Port. piraí f. Tupi, f. pir´ fish + í small].
piasaba piassaba piasava piassava a coarse stiff palm fibre for making brooms. [Port. f. Tupi piaç´ba].
pichurim a S. American tree, Nectandra pichurim, of the laurel family; (in full pichurim bean) the aromatic cotyledon of the seed of this tree, used in cookery and medicine.
pirana piranha piraya a South American fish. [Port. f. Tupi pir´nye, pir´ya, f. pir´ fish + sainha tooth].
pirarucu a S. American fish, aka ARAPAIMA. [Port. f. Tupi, f. pir´ fish + urucú annatto, red].
pium a small troublesome Brazilian biting fly.
roucou a bright orange colouring matter, aka ANNATTO. [Fr. ro(u)cou f. Galibi rucu var. of Tupi urucú].
sagoin sagouin saguin a kind of monkey, aka TITI. [Fr. sagoin, sagouin f. Port. sagüim, sagüi f. Tupi saui].
sai the capuchin monkey. [Fr. saï f. Port. f. Tupi sai].
saimiri a squirrel monkey. [Port. saimirim, f. Tupi sai, capuchin monkey, + mir, small.]
sajou sapajou any one of several species of South American monkeys of the genus Cebus, having long and prehensile tails. [Ult. from Tupi sai, capuchin monkey + guassú large].
sapucaia a S. American tree, related to the Brazil nut; the oily edible seed of this. [Port. f. Tupi yasapukaya.]
sauba a South American leaf-cutter ant. [Port. s´uva f. Tupi ys´uwa].
taira tayra a large S. American member of the weasel family. [Tupi taira].
tamandu tamandua a tropical American arboreal anteater having a dense furry coat. [Port. f. Tupi tamandu´, f. ta (contr. of taly) ant + monduar hunter].
tamanoir the giant anteater or ant-bear. [Fr. f. Carib tamanoà f. Tupi tamandu´].
tanager a brightly-coloured S. American bird.
tapir an ungulate mammal of the genus Tapirus and family Tapiridae. [Sp. or Port., f. Tupi tapyra].
taira tayra a large S. American member of the weasel family. [Tupi taira].
tayassuid any member of the Tayassuid family of New World pigs. [Tupi tayau, peccary].
tonka as in tonka bean, a tall leguminous African tree with fragrant almond-shaped seeds.
toucan a tropical bird with a large bill. [Fr. f. Port. tucano f. Tupi tucan, imit. of the bird's call.]
troelie troolie troely an Amazonian palm tree, aka BUSSU; its immense leaf, used for thatching. [Tupi tururí].
unai unau a two-toed sloth.
urubu the American black vulture.
ynambu a very large South American TINAMOU.