Association of British Scrabble Players

Language > Lat - NaAm > Latin

Now updated for CSW15. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.

abacus a counting device using beads > ABACI or ABACUSES.
abdomen the posterior division of the body in insects, spiders, and some other arthropods > ABDOMENS or ABDOMINA.
abducens a cranial nerve > ABDUCENTES.
abies a fir tree.
abolla a Roman military cloak > ABOLLAS or ABOLLAE.
abomasum the fourth of the four stomachs of a ruminant (cf. OMASUM) > ABOMASA. Also ABOMASUS.
abomasus the fourth of the four stomachs of a ruminant > ABOMASI. Also ABOMASUM.
abscissa the distance of a point from the y-axis measured parallel to the x-axis > ABSCISSAE or ABSCISSAS. Also ABSCISS, ABSCISSE.
absit a student's leave to pass one night away from college.
academia the academic life or world. Also ACADEME.
acarus a mite > ACARI.
accidia sloth; physical torpor. Also ACCIDIE, ACEDIA.
accipiter a bird belonging to the Accipiter genus of hawks. [L. accipiter, a hawk].
acer a plant of the maple genus. [L. acer, maple].
acetabulum a cuplike hollow on the hipbone to receive the thighbone > ACETABULA or ACETABULUMS.
acetum vinegar.
achates a faithful friend. [The faithful friend of Aeneas (Virgil Aeneid VI. 158 etc.)].
acicula a needle-like bristle or spine > ACICULAS or ACICULAE.
acinus a berry which grows in clusters > ACINI.
aconitum the poisonous herb ACONITE; also, an extract from it.
acroterium a pedestal or ornament at the angle of a pediment > ACROTERIA. Also ACROTER, ACROTERION.
acta official minutes of a proceeding.
actinia a sea anemone of the genus Actinia; loosely any sea anemone > ACTINIAE or ACTINIAS. Also ACTINIAN.
aculeus a prickle growing on the bark, as in some brambles and roses > ACULEI.
acumen keenness of intellect. [L. acumen].
addendum something to be added > ADDENDA.
adipocere a fatty substance occurring in corpses left in moist areas. [L. adeps, adipis, soft fat + cera, wax].
adsum 'I am present'.
adunc aduncate aduncated hooked. [L. aduncus, aduncatus, from ad to + uncus, a hook].
adytum the sacred part of a temple or church; a church chancel.
aecidium a cup-shaped fructification in rust fungi. Also AECIUM.
aecium a cup-shaped fructification in rust fungi. Also AECIDIUM.
aedile edile in classical times, a magistrate in charge of games, markets or buildings.
aegis egis protection, defense; patronage, sponsorship. [L. from Gk aigis, goatskin].
aegrotat an unclassified degree granted a university student who has fulfilled all requirements for graduation but was prevented by illness from attending the final examinations.
aeneus aeneous of a shining bronze colour.
aeolian eolian relating to erosion or transportation by wind; giving forth or marked by a moaning or sighing sound or musical tone produced by or as if by the wind. [L. Aeolus, from Gk. Aiolos god of the winds].
aerobium an aerobe > AEROBIA.
aerugo erugo a green film that forms on copper > AERUGOS, ERUGOS.
aetatis at the age of.
affidavit a written statement, confirmed by oath, to be used as evidence.
afflatus a creative impulse, an inspiration > AFFLATUSES.
agendum things to be done > AGENDA or AGENDUMS.
agger an artificial mound or elevation for military use.
agnomen an additional name; surname; nickname > AGNOMENS or AGNOMINA.
ala an outgrowth on a fruit > ALAE. [L. ala, wing].
albata a variety of German silver.
albedo the fraction of light reflected from a body or surface > ALBEDOS or ALBEDOES.
albugo a white spot on the cornea of the eye; a LEUCOMA. [L. albugo, whiteness].
albumen the white of egg, the nutritive material surrounding the yolk in the eggs of higher animals. [L. albumen from albus, white].
albumin the protein part of egg-white. [L. albumen, from albus, white].
alga a seaweed > ALGAE or ALGAS.
alias an adopted alternative name.
aliquant of a number that divides into another with a remainder. [L. aliquantum, somewhat]. Cf. ALIQUOT, but ALIQUANT does not take an -S hook.
aliquot a number that divides into another without leaving a remainder.
aliunde from another source; from elsewhere; as, a case proved aliunde; evidence aliunde.
allium a plant of the Allium genus to which onions, garlics, leeks etc. belong.
allodium an estate held in absolute ownership, without acknowledgement to a superior > ALLODIUMS or ALLODIA. Also ALOD, ALLOD, ALODIUM.
alluvion alluvium land gradually gained from the sea by the washing up of sand and earth. [L. alluvio].
alodium an estate held in absolute ownership, without acknowledgement to a superior > ALODIUMS or ALODIA. Also ALOD, ALLOD, ALLODIUM.
alopecia loss of hair, baldness. [L. alopecia, fox-mange, fr. Gk alopekia, fr. alopex, because loss of the hair is common among foxes.]
alternatim alternately.
altocumulus a type of cloud > ALTOCUMULI.
altostratus a type of cloud > ALTOSTRATI.
altrices birds whose young are hatched in a very immature and helpless condition, so as to require the care of their parents for some time, as opposed to PRAECOCES.
alula three feathers springing from the base of the primaries > ALULAE. [L. alula, dim. of ala, wing].
alumna a female ALUMNUS > ALUMNAE.
alumnus an ex-student of a college > ALUMNI.
alveolus a cell in a honeycomb. Also ALVEOLE.
amanuensis one employed to take dictation or to copy manuscript > AMANUENSES.
amaracus marjoram. [L. amaracus].
ameba a single-celled aquatic protozoan, characterized by a constantly changing shape > AMEBAE or AMEBAS. Also AMOEBA.
amentum a catkin > AMENTA. [L. amentum, thong, strap].
amicus a legal expert witness > AMICI.
amoeba a single-celled aquatic protozoan, characterized by a constantly changing shape > AMOEBAE or AMOEBAS. Also AMEBA.
amphora a vessel for holding oil > AMPHORAE or AMPHORAS.
amplexus the rutting of frogs and toads > AMPLEXUSES. [L. amplexus, embrace].
ampulla a vessel for holy oil or wine for coronations or rituals > AMPULLAE. Also AMPUL.
amuletum a charm worn to ward off evil, disease, etc; a medicine supposed to operate magically. [L. amuletum].
amygdal an almond.
amygdala any almond-shaped formation in body, e.g. a tonsil > AMYGDALAE.
ancile the sacred shield of the Romans, said to have fallen from heaven in the reign of Numa. It was the PALLADIUM of Rome > ANCILIA.
ancilla one who helps another to accomplish or master something difficult or complicated > ANCILLAE or ANCILLAS.
anestrus a period of sexual inactivity between periods of oestrus. Also ANESTRUM, ANOESTRUM, ANOESTRUS.
angelus a prayer said in morning, at noon and at sunset > ANGELUSES.
anglice in plain English.
anguifauna the snakes of a region.
anguiped anguipede having feet or legs in the form of snakes; used of mythical giants etc. [L. anguis, snake, + pes, foot].
anima the soul, the innermost part of the personality.
animus a usually prejudiced and often spiteful or malevolent ill will > ANIMUSES or ANIMI.
anno in the year of the Christian era.
annulus a ring, a circle that is not filled in; spec. a partial veil forming a collar round the stalk in some agarics > ANNULUSES or ANNULI.
ansa part of Saturn's rings > ANSAE.
antefixa an ornament at the end of a classical building, hiding the ends of roof tiles > ANTEFIXAE.
antenati those born before a certain date. This is plural: no —S hook.
antenna either of a pair of sensory appendages on the heads of insects, crustaceans, and some other arthropods; a feeler > ANTENNAE or ANTENNAS.
antepast a foretaste, an appetiser. [L. ante, before, + pascere, pastum to feed].
antibacchius a foot of two long (or stressed) syllables followed by a short (or unstressed) one > ANTIBACCHII.
antidora the unconsecrated bread remaining after the Eucharistic Liturgy, blessed by the priests and given to non-communicants as well as communicants.
antlia the suctorial proboscis of certain insects > ANTLIAE.
antrum a sinus; a cavity, especially leading into nose > ANTRA or ANTRUMS.
anuresis inability to urinate > ANURESES.
anus the opening at the end of the alimentary canal by which undigested residues are excreted. [L. anus, ring].
aorta the main artery into the heart > AORTAE or AORTAS.
apex the summit or peak > APEXES or APICES.
aphtha a roundish pearl-colored speck or flake in the mouth, on the lips, etc., terminating in a white slough, commonly characteristic of thrush > APHTHAE.
aphelion the point when the earth is farthest from the sun during its annual orbit > APHELIA or APHELIONS. [Gk. apo, from + helios, sun].
apiculus a short sharp point in which an organ may end > APICULI.
aplustre an ornamental appendage of wood at a ship's stern, usually spreading like a fan and curved like a bird's feather.
apoapsis the high point in an orbit > APOAPSIDES.
apologia an apology, usu. in literary form > APOLOGIAE or APOLOGIAS.
apostrophus the backwards C symbol used in Roman numerals > APOSTROPHUSES.
apsis the point at which a heavenly body is most or least distant from centre of attraction > APSIDES.
aqua water > AQUAE or AQUAS.
arabis any member of a large genus of trailing plants.
arbiter a judge.
arbitrium a power of decision > ARBITRIUMS.
arbor a tree > ARBORES or ARBORS.
arboretum a tree-garden > ARBORETA or ARBORETUMS.
arbutus arbute the strawberry-tree.
arcadia an ideal region of rural contentment. [L f. Gk. Arkadia a mountainous district in the Peloponnese].
arcus a bow-shaped or ring-shaped fatty deposit found in the cornea.
area a particular tract of the earth's (or another planet's) surface; a region; a neighbourhood, a vicinity > AREAS or AREAE.
arena an area enclosed by seating; originally, part of the ancient amphitheatre strewed with sand for combat.
areola a small circular area; spec. the area of pigmented skin surrounding a nipple > AREOLAE or AREOLAS. Also AREOLE.
argentum silver > ARGENTUMS.
argumentum logical argument, proof > ARGUMENTA.
arillus an additional envelope, often fleshy, developed around the seed in certain plants (e.g. yew) > ARILLI. Also ARIL.
arista an awn (bristle on grass) > ARISTAE or ARISTAS.
armilla an ARMIL, a bracelet > ARMILLAE or ARMILLAS.
arsis the accented or longer part of a poetic foot; the point where an ictus is put > ARSES.
aruspex haruspex a person who inspected the entrails of sacrificial victims in order to foretell the future > ARUSPICES, HARUSPICES.
arval pertaining to ploughed land. [L. arvalis].
arvicole a member of the water-vole genus. [L. arvum, a field + colere, to inhabit].
asarum the dried root of the wild ginger. [L. asarum, asarabacca].
ascus an enlarged cell > ASCI.
aspergillus a minute fungus forming mould > ASPERGILLI.
asphaltum a mixture of bituminous pitch with sand etc. used for surfacing paths, roads, etc > ASPHALTUMS. Also ASPHALT.
aspirata a type of plosive > ASPIRATAE.
assumpsit a contract (not under seal); a suit for breach of such a contract.
astragalus the ankle-bone > ASTRAGALI.
asylum a place of refuge; a hospital for the insane > ASYLA or ASYLUMS.
athenaeum a literary or scientific association > ATHENAEUMS. Also ATHENEUM.
atheneum a literary or scientific association > ATHENEUMS. Also ATHENAEUM.
atrium a square hall lighted from above, into which rooms open at one or more levels > ATRIUMS, ATRIA.
attollens of a muscle, that raises. [L. attollens, pp. of attollere, to lift up].
attrahens attracting; that which attracts.
auceps a hawker or bird-tender > AUCEPSES. [L. auceps, bird-catcher, fowler, from avis bird, and capere, to catch].
auditorium the part of a theatre, lecture-hall, or other public building occupied by the audience > AUDITORIUMS or AUDITORIA.
aula a hall > AULAS.
aura a supposed subtle emanation from living things > AURAE or AURAS.
aureola a crown or increment to the ordinary blessedness of heaven, represented as a gold or coloured disc > AUREOLAE or AUREOLAS. Also AUREOLE.
aureus a gold coin of ancient Rome > AUREI.
auricula a species of Primula, or primrose, aka, from the shape of its leaves, bear's-ear > AURICULAE or AURICULAS.
auris the ear > AURES.
aurora a luminous atmospheric phenomenon > AURORAS or AURORAE.
aurum gold > AURUMS.
auspex a soothsayer of ancient Rome > AUSPICES.
ave a prayer to the Virgin Mary.
avifauna the birdlife of a region > AVIFAUNAS or AVIFAUNAE.
axilla an armpit; shoulder > AXILLAS or AXILLAE.
axis the imaginary straight line about which a body such as the earth rotates > AXES or AXISES.
bacca a berry > BACCAE or BACCAS.
bacchius a metrical foot composed of a short syllable and two long ones; according to some, two long and a short > BACCHII.
bacillus any rod-shaped bacterium; loosely any pathogenic bacterium > BACILLI.
baculum the penis bone in some mammals > BACULA or BACULUMS.
balista ballista a Roman military engine in the form of a crossbow for projecting heavy missiles > BALISTAE or BALISTAS; BALLISTAE or BALLISTAS.
barathrum an insatiable extortioner or glutton; (hist.) a pit in Athens into which condemned criminals were thrown. [L. from Gk. barathron, pit].
basaltes unglazed stoneware. [L. basaltes, from Greek basanites (lithos) touchstone].
basidium a club-shaped spore-bearing structure produced by a basidiomycete > BASIDIA.
basilic basilica a large oblong hall with double colonnades and a semicircular apse; a Roman Catholic church with honorific privileges > of BASILICA is BASILICAS or BASILICAE.
belga a former monetary unit of Belgium.
bembex bembix a kind of sandwasp.
benedicite a canticle (the Latin version of which begins with this word) which may be used in the order for morning prayer in the Church of England.
biceps the two-headed muscle at the front of the arm that flexes the forearm > BICEPSES.
biennium a period of two years > BIENNIA or BIENNIUMS.
biga a two-horse chariot > BIGAE.
bigener a hybrid arising from two genera.
bimillennium a period of two thousand years > BIMILLENNIUMS or BIMILLENNIA.
bitumen naturally-occurring asphalt from the Middle East, used as mortar etc.
bivium in echinoderms, the two rays enclosing the MADREPORITE
blastula that stage in the development of the ovum in which the outer cells of the MORULA become more defined and form the blastoderm > BLASTULAE or BLASTULAS.
boletus a genus of fungi having the under side of the pileus or cap composed of a multitude of fine separate tubes > BOLETI or BOLETUSES.
bolus a large pill; a soft rounded mass of chewed food > BOLUSES.
bombax a tree of the genus Bombax, the silk-cotton tree.
bona goods.
bonasus bonassus the aurochs or European bison.
borealis lights seen round the North Pole.
boreas the North wind.
botanica a shop that sells herbs and magic charms.
bothrium a groove on a tapeworm > BOTHRIA or BOTHRIUMS.
brachium the upper arm; the segment of the fore limb between the shoulder and the elbow > BRACHIA or BRACHIUMS.
branchia a gill; a respiratory organ for breathing the air contained in water, such as many aquatic and semiaquatic animals have > BRANCHIAE.
brassica a cruciferous plant of the genus Brassica, which includes cabbage, turnip, rape, etc. [L. brassica, cabbage].
bronchium a middle-sized bronchial tube > BRONCHIA.
bronchus one of the subdivisions of the trachea or windpipe; esp. one of the two primary divisions > BRONCHI.
brucella any of a genus of harmful bacteria > BRUCELLAE or BRUCELLAS.
bubo an inflammation, with enlargement, of a lymphatic gland, esp. in the groin, as in syphilis > BUBOES.
buccina a Roman curved trumpet > BUCCINAS.
bufo a black tincture in alchemy. [L. bufo, toad].
bulla a round seal attached to a papal bull > BULLAE.
bursa any sac or saclike cavity; especially, one of the synovial sacs, or small spaces, often lined with synovial membrane, interposed between tendons and bony prominences > BURSAE or BURSAS.
buteo any of a genus of hawks Buteo with broad rounded wings; a buzzard.
byssus a filamentous tuft ('beard') by which molluscs attach themselves to rocks; a fine flax and fabric woven from it > BYSSI or BYSSUSES.
cactus a succulent plant of the family Cactaceae, with thick fleshy stems, usu. spiny and without leaves > CACTI or CACTUSES.
cacumen a top or point > CACUMINA or CACUMENS.
caduceus a Greek or Roman herald's wand; spec. the wand carried by the messenger-god Hermes or Mercury, usu. represented with two serpents twined round it > CADUCEI.
caecum cecum any structure that ends in a bag or sac > CAECA, CECA.
caesar a Roman emperor, as being the successor of Augustus Caesar. Hence, a kaiser, or emperor of Germany, or any emperor or powerful ruler.
caesura a pause in a poem or a song > CAESURAE or CAESURAS. Also CESURA.
caisson a vehicle or chest for holding ammunition. [Fr. caisson, a large chest].
calamus a quill or reed used as a pen > CALAMI or CALAMUSES.
calathus a vase-shaped Ancient Greek basket, carried on the head > CALATHI. Also CALATHOS.
calcaneum one of the bones of the tarsus which in man, forms the great bone of the heel. Also CALCANEUS.
calcaneus one of the bones of the tarsus which in man, forms the great bone of the heel. Also CALCANEUM.
calcar a spur-like projection; a furnace or oven for annealing. [L. calcar, spur].
calceamentum a red silk embroidered sandal forming part of the insignia of the Holy Roman Empire > CALCEAMENTA.
calculus a system of computation; a stone-like concretion that forms in certain vessels of the body > CALCULI or CALCULUSES.
caldarium a hot room in a Roman bath-house.
calends the first day of the ancient Roman month from which days were counted backwards to the Ides. Also KALENDS.
calendula a marigold.
caligo dimness or obscurity of sight, dependent upon a speck on the cornea; also, the speck itself > CALIGOES or CALIGOS. [L. caligo, fog].
calix a cup; esp. an ecclesiastical chalice > CALICES or CALIXES. [L. calix, a cup].
calluna any plant of the genus CALLUNA, ling.
caltha a genus of plants including the marsh marigold.
calvarium the upper skull > CALVARIA.
calvities baldness > CALVITIES.
calx the substance of a metal or mineral that remains after strong heating > CALCES or CALXES. [L. calx, lime].
campana a church bell.
campanula a member of the bellflower family.
campus the grounds of e.g. an educational institution > CAMPUSES. (Verb) to restrict a student to school grounds.
cancelli the lattice-work of spongy bone tissue; the mesh of spaces within this. [L. cancelli, lattice-work].
candida a parasitic, yeast-like fungus, that causes the infection CANDIDIASIS.
canities whitening or greying of the hair. [L. canus, grey].
canna a tropical lily with showy red or yellow flowers > CANNAE or CANNAS. [L. canna, reed].
cannula a small tube of metal, wood, or India rubber, used for various purposes, esp. for injecting or withdrawing fluids. It is usually associated with a TROCAR > CANNULAE or CANNULAS. Also CANULA.
cantate the 98th Psalm, from its opening words.
cantharus a large two-handled drinking-cup; a laver in the atrium before ancient churches.
canthus the angle between the eyelids at the corner of the eye > CANTHI.
canticum a canticle, a part-song in an ancient play.
cantor the leader of a church choir.
cantoris to be sung on the cantorial or north side of a choir, as opposed to DECANI.
cantus a melody or chant, esp. in mediaeval ecclesiastical music > CANTUSES.
canula a small tube of metal, wood, or India rubber, used for various purposes, esp. for injecting or withdrawing fluids. It is usually associated with a TROCAR > CANULAE or CANULAS. Also CANNULA.
capias a writ authorizing the arrest of a person > CAPIASES.
capitulum a type of inflorescence in which there are many crowded florets, typically found in the Daisy family > CAPITULA. [L. dim. of caput, head].
caput the head; also, a knoblike protuberance or capitulum.
cardia the heart > CARDIAS or CARDIAE.
carduus a kind of thistle > CARDUUSES.
carex a genus of plants, the sedges > CARICES.
caries decay (of a bone or tooth).
carina a keel-shaped ridge on a bird's breast > CARINAS or CARINAE.
caritas love, charity > CARITASES or CARITATES.
carnifex an executioner, esp. the public executioner in ancient Rome.
carnyx a long war-trumpet used by the Celts.
carolus a former English gold coin, first struck in the reign of Charles I > CAROLUSES or CAROLI.
carpus the part of the human skeleton between the forearm and the metacarpus > CARPI.
carta charta a charter. [L. c(h)arta, from Gk. chartes a sheet of paper].
castellum a small Roman fort, a mile-castle > CASTELLA or CASTELLUMS.
castoreum a pungent, bitter-tasting, reddish-brown substance obtained from two perineal sacs of the beaver, used in medicine and perfumery.
castral of or belonging to a camp.
casus an event; an occurrence; a combination of circumstances.
catasta a scaffold or stage for torture or selling slaves.
catena a chain or connected series of things, esp. of the patristic comments on Scripture > CATENAS or CATENAE.
cathedra the chair or throne of office of a bishop or other high official > CATHEDRAS or CATHEDRAE.
cathexis the investment of emotional energy in a thought or idea > CATHEXES.
caudex the stem of a tree, esp. a stem without a branch, as of a palm or a tree fern > CAUDICES or CAUDEXES.
caulis an herbaceous or woody stem which bears leaves, and may bear flowers > CAULES.
causa a (legal) cause.
caveat a warning, qualification, or explanation; (verb) to enter a caveat, a legal notice.
cecum any structure that ends in a bag or sac > CECA. Also CAECUM.
cella the inner chamber of a classical temple > CELLAE.
cementum hard tissue covering roots of teeth.
census an investigation or count of a population; (verb) to carry out a census. [L. census, a register].
cento a literary work, especially a poem, composed of parts taken from works of other authors > CENTOS or CENTONES. [L. cento, patchwork].
centrum the major part of a vertebra > CENTRA or CENTRUMS.
centum a hundred. Centum languages: a classification group of Indo-European languages, in which an original palatal consonant developed as a guttural. Cf. SATEM.
centumvir in Rome, one of a court of about one hundred judges chosen to try civil suits > CENTUMVIRI or CENTUMVIRS.
centurion the leader of a Roman century, one hundred men.
cercaria the larval form of a trematode worm having the shape of a tadpole, with its body terminated by a tail-like appendage > CERCARIAE or CERCARIAS.
cercus a tail-like appendage > CERCI.
cerebellum the large lobe of the hind brain in front of and above the medulla; the little brain. It controls combined muscular action.
cerebrum the front and larger part of the brain > CEREBRA or CEREBRUMS.
cereus a genus of plants of the Cactus family. They are natives of America, from California to Chili. [L. cereus waxen, wax-taper (from their stiff form)].
cerris a species of oak native to the Orient and southern Europe, aka Turkey oak. [L. cerreus].
cerumen the yellow waxlike substance secreted in the outer ear.
cervix the neck of the womb > CERVIXES or CERVICES.
cestui in legal phrases, he, the one.
cestus a girdle; particularly that of Aphrodite (or Venus) which gave the wearer the power of exciting love > CESTI. Also CESTOS, CAESTUS.
cesura a pause in a poem or a song > CESURAE or CESURAS. Also CAESURA.
chaeta a bristle or seta of sea-worms > CHAETAE.
chalaza the place on an ovule, or seed, where its outer coats cohere with each other and the nucleus > CHALAZAE or CHALAZAS.
chara a genus of freshwater plants including stoneworts.
chela the claw of an arthropod > CHELAE. 2. a novice or disciple in Buddhism > CHELAS.
chiasmus inversion of order of corresponding elements of two parallel phrases, as in born under one law, to another bound > CHIASMI.
chimaera a mythical or genetic hybrid.
choana a funnel-shaped opening, esp. either of those connecting the nasal cavities to the pharynx > CHOANAE.
choragus the leader of chorus in ancient Greek drama; a person officiating at a festival > CHORAGI or CHORAGUSES. Also CHOREGUS.
chorda any stringlike structure in the body > CHORDAE.
choregus the leader of chorus in ancient Greek drama; a person officiating at a festival > CHOREGI. Also CHORAGUS.
ciborium a freestanding canopy to cover an altar; a vessel for holding eucharistic bread > CIBORIA.
cicada an insect like a grasshopper > CICADAE or CICADAS. Also CICALA.
cicatrix cicatrice the scar of a healed wound, burn, etc.; a scar on the bark of a tree > CICATRICES. [L. cicatrix, a scar].
cicuta the hemlock plant.
cidaris the royal tiara or cap of state of the ancient Persians. [L f. Gk kidaris, kitaris, = Heb. keter (Persian) crown, diadem].
cilice a haircloth shirt worn as penance.
cilium a hair-like lash borne by a cell > CILIA.
cimelia treasures laid up in store. [Late L, pl. of cimelium (church) treasure f. Gk keimelion anything stored up as valuable.].
cimex a bed-bug > CIMICES.
cinerarium a place to receive the ashes of the cremated dead > CINERARIA.
cingulum a girdle or girdle-like structure; a priest's belt > CINGULA.
cippus a small column marking a burial-place or landmark > CIPPI. [L. cippus, post, stake].
circa about; around.
circiter about; around.
cirrocumulus a type of cloud > CIRROCUMULI.
cirrostratus a type of cloud > CIRROSTRATI.
cirrus a type of cloud > CIRRI or CIRRUSES.
cisterna a sac or space containing e.g. cerebrospinal fluid > CISTERNAE.
cito quickly.
classis a division according to rank; a class > CLASSES.
claustrum a thin lamina of gray matter in each cerebral hemisphere of the brain of man > CLAUSTRA.
clausula a short clause ending a period in Latin prose > CLAUSULAE.
clavicula the collar-bone. Also CLAVICLE.
claviger one who carries the keys of any place. [L. clavis, key].
clavis a key; hence a clue or aid in solving problems > CLAVES.
clavus a horny thickening of the skin > CLAVI.
clematis a climbing plant with showy clowers. [L. from Gk. klematis a plant, probably periwinkle, from klema, a twig].
clepsydra an instrument which measures time by trickling water > CLEPSYDRAE or CLEPSYDRAS.
clianthus any climbing shrub of the genus Clianthus. [L., from Gk. kleos. glory + anthos, flower].
clinamen a bias, an inclination > CLINAMENS.
clitellum in annelids, a swelling of the body towards the head of the animal, where the gonads are located > CLITELLA.
cloaca a sewer; a common cavity for the release of digestive and urogenital products in birds, reptiles, amphibians, most fish, and monotremes > CLOACAE or CLOACAS.
clonus a type of muscle spasm, characteristic of grand mal > CLONUSES. [L. from Gk klonos, turmoil].
clypeus the frontal plate of the head of an insect > CLYPEI. [L. clipeus, clupeus, round shield.]
coagulum a coagulated mass; that part of the blood that coagulates, the clotting element > COAGULA or COAGULUMS.
coccus one of the separable carpels of a dry fruit > COCCI.
cochlea an appendage of the labyrinth of the internal ear, which is elongated and coiled into a spiral in mammals > COCHLEAE or COCHLEAS.
cochleare a spoon.
codex a book; a manuscript > CODICES or CODEXES.
codicil a supplement to a will. [L. codicillus, dim. of codex].
coenurus the larval stage of a tapeworm which forms bladderlike sacs in the brain of sheep, causing a fatal disease > COENURI. Also COENURE.
cogito a philosophical principle enunciated by Descartes > COGITOS.
cognomen a family name > COGNOMENS or COGNOMINA.
cognovit an instrument in writing whereby a defendant in an action acknowledges a plaintiff's demand to be just.
coitus copulation > COITUSES.
coliseum a large building or stadium used as a place of entertainment. Also COLOSSEUM.
collegium an executive council > COLLEGIA or COLLEGIUMS.
colloquium a conference, a seminar > COLLOQUIA or COLLOQUIUMS.
colluvium material which accumulates at the foot of a steep slope > COLLUVIA or COLLUVIUMS.
colobus a genus of monkey > COLOBI.
colonus a freeborn serf > COLONI.
colossus a statue of gigantic size. The name was especially applied to certain famous statues in antiquity, as the Colossus of Nero in Rome, the Colossus of Apollo at Rhodes > COLOSSUSES or COLOSSI.
colostrum milk secreted for a few days after parturition, characterised by high protein and antibody content.
columbarium a structure of vaults lined with recesses > COLUMBARIA.
columella the uvula > COLUMELLAE.
coma a spherical cloud of material surrounding the head of a comet > COMAE or COMAS.
comatula a crinoid of the genus Antedon and related genera, aka feather star > COMATULAE.
combretum a member of a genus of tropical trees known for the beauty of their flowers > COMBRETUMS.
comedo a small worm-like yellowish black-tipped pasty mass which can in some persons be made, by pressure, to exude from hair follicles > COMEDOS or COMEDONES. [L. comedo: glutton or maggot].
comitatus a band of warriors who escort a prince > COMITATUSES.
comitia a public assembly of the Roman people for electing officers or passing laws. No plural.
commendam a vacant living or benefice commended to a cleric (usually a bishop) who enjoyed the revenue until a pastor was provided.
compendium an assortment, a varied collection > COMPENDIA or COMPENDIUMS.
compluvium a space left unroofed over the court of a Roman dwelling, through which the rain fell into the IMPLUVIUM or cistern > COMPLUVIUMS or COMPLUVIA.
comus a revel > COMUSES. [From Comus, a Roman god of mirth and revelry].
conarium the pineal gland > CONARIA.
conatus a natural impulse or tendency > CONATUS.
concedo in logic, I admit, I yield.
conceptus the products of conception; the developing foetus and surrounding tissue in the uterus > CONCEPTUSES or CONCEPTI.
concha the plain semidome of an APSE; sometimes used for the entire apse > CONCHAE.
conductus a style of metrical Latin song of the 12th and 13th century > CONDUCTI.
conferva any of a large group of filamentous cryptogams, esp. simple freshwater green algae > CONFERVAE or CONFERVAS.
confiteor a prayer of confession of sins.
congius an ancient unit of liquid measure > CONGII.
conidium a peculiar kind of reproductive cell found in certain fungi, and often containing zoospores > CONIDIA.
conium a genus of biennial, poisonous, white-flowered, umbelliferous plants, bearing ribbed fruit and decompound leaves.
conjunctiva the membrane lining the eyelid and joining it with the eyeball.
consensus agreement > CONSENSUSES.
conservatorium a school of music > CONSERVATORIA or CONSERVATORIUMS. Also CONSERVATOIRE.
consortium an association of organizations or States formed for commercial or financial purposes > CONSORTIA or CONSORTIUMS.
consul either of two annually elected magistrates who jointly exercised supreme authority in the Roman Republic.
contagium contagion; contagious matter > CONTAGIA.
continuum a continuous extent > CONTINUA or CONTINUUMS.
contra against; (noun) an argument against.
conundrum a riddle answered by a pun; also, a paradoxical, insoluble, or difficult problem.
conus a structure or organ resembling a cone > CONI.
convolvulus a climbing plant > CONVOLVULUSES or CONVOLVULI.
copula a word which unites the subject and predicate > COPULAE or COPULAS.
corallum the coral or skeleton of a zoophyte, whether calcareous of horny, simple or compound > CORALLA.
coram in the presence of.
corbicula the pollen basket of bees, consisting of the dilated posterior tibia with its fringe of long hairs > CORBICULAE.
coremium an organ of certain fungi > COREMIA.
corium a leather armour; the true skin, under the EPIDERMIS > CORIA or CORIUMS.
cormidium an aggregation of polyps in a colonial marine hydrozoan > CORMIDIA.
cormus the differentiated body of a CORMOPHYTE; the whole body of a compound animal > CORMUSES.
cornea a transparent hard material protecting the eyeball. [L. cornea (tela), horny (tissue)].
corniculum a small hornlike part or process.
cornu a horn-shaped process on the thyroid cartilage or certain bones (as the hyoid and the coccyx) > CORNUA.
cornus the dogwood > CORNUSES.
corolla the collective name for all the petals of a flower.
corona a small circle of light sometimes seen round the sun, moon, or other luminary; esp. one due to diffraction by water droplets > CORONAS or CORONAE.
coronis in Greek grammar, a sign ['] sometimes placed over a contracted syllable > CORONISES.
corpus a body e.g. of literary works > CORPORA.
cortex the outer layer of certain organs, esp. of the brain> CORTICES or CORTEXES. [L. cortex, bark] .
corvus a grappling hook, a hooked ram for destroying walls. [L. corvus, raven].
corylus a deciduous nut-bearing tree of the Corylus genus, including hazel.
coryphaeus the leader of the Greek chorus; hence, 1) the leader of a chorus 2) the leader of a party or school of thought. [L. leader, from Gk koruphaios, from koruphe, head].
coryza nasal catarrh.
costa a rib of an animal or a human being > COSTAE.
cothurnus a buskin anciently used by tragic actors on the stage; hence, tragedy in general > COTHURNI. Also COTHURN.
cotta a short surplice > COTTAS or COTTAE.
coxa the first joint of the leg of an insect or crustacean > COXAE.
crambe warmed-over cabbage; the annoying repetition or a tiresome, harped-on old story.
cranium the skull > CRANIA or CRANIUMS.
crassamentum a clot of blood > CRASSAMENTA.
credenda things to be believed: articles of faith.
credendum a thing to be believed; an article of faith; -- distinguished from AGENDUM, a practical duty.
credo a concise statement of doctrine; a section of Mass followed by offertory > CREDOS. [L. credo, I believe].
cremor a thick juice or liquid; a broth; a scum gathering on the top of a liquid.
crena a notch or tooth > CRENAS.
crepitus a fart.
cribellum a sieve-like spinning organ of certain spiders > CRIBELLA.
crimen crime, as in CRIMEN FALSI, the crime of perjury > CRIMINA.
crissum on a bird, feathers covering the underside of the base of the tail; undertail coverts > CRISSA.
crista a ridge or fold resembling a crest > CRISTAE.
crocus a kind of flower > CROCUSES or CROCI.
crotalum a clapper or castanet used in ancient religious rites > CROTALA.
crumen a deer's tear-pit. [L. crumena, a purse].
cruor a mass of coagulated blood; a blood-clot > CRUORS or CRUORES.
crus a part of a leg, the shank > CRURA.
crusta a hard outer layer, rind, shell, or incrustation > CRUSTAE.
crux the nub, the crucial point > CRUCES or CRUXES,
ctenidium each of the respiratory organs or gills in a mollusc, consisting of an axis with a row of projecting filaments; a row of spines like a comb in some insects > CTENIDIA.
cubiculum a cubicle > CUBICULA.
culex a genus of insects, including the mosquito > CULICES.
culmen the highest point, the upper ridge of a bird's bill > CULMINA.
culpa fault, blame > CULPAE.
culturati cultured people.
cultus a religious ritual; a cult > CULTI or CULTUSES.
cumulus a kind of cloud > CUMULI. [L. cumulus, a heap, a pile].
cunabula the place where something began or was nurtured. This is already a plural.
cunctator someone who delays or procrastinates.
cuprum copper.
cupula a cup-shaped anatomical structure > CUPULAE.
curator a person who has the charge of anything; a superintendent, especially of a museum.
curatrix a female CURATOR > CURATRIXES.
curculio a weevil. [L. curculio, corn-weevil].
curia a papal court and its officials > CURIAE or CURIAS.
curiosa rare and curious books.
curriculum a program of educational resources etc > CURRICULA or CURRICULUMS.
cursor a sliding part of a measuring instrument.
cursores in old classifications, running birds.
cursus an elongated prehistoric earthwork > CURSI.
cuspis a point e.g. the horn of the moon > CUSPIDES. Also CUSP.
custos a guardian, custodian or keeper, especially of convents or monasteries > CUSTODES.
cuticula the outer hard covering of an insect > CUTICULAE.
cutis the dermis, or true skin > CUTISES. [L. cutis, skin].
cyathium the characteristic inflorescence of the spurges > CYATHIA.
cyathus an ancient Greek or Roman filling or measuring cup; a measure equal to about 1/2 pint > CYATHI.
cyclus a cycle of myths, poems, songs, etc > CYCLUSES (not CYCLI*).
cyma an ogee moulding of the cornice > CYMAE or CYMAS.
cymatium the topmost molding of a cornice > CYMATIA.
cypsela the fruit of members of the daisy family, consisting of two carpels fused together and surrounded by a calyx sheath > CYPSELAE.
cytisus a plant of the broom genus > CYTISI.
dactylus the leg joint of certain insects > DACTYLI.
datum a given fact > DATA or DATUMS.
decani the dean's (south) side of a choir, as opposed to CANTORIS.
decemvir one of a body of ten magistrates in ancient Rome > DECEMVIRS and DECEMVIRI.
decennium a period of ten years > DECENNIA or DECENNIUMS.
decidua the inner layer of the wall of the uterus, which envelops the embryo, forms a part of the placenta, and is discharged with it > DECIDUAS or DECIDUAE.
decorum proper behaviour.
decubitus one's posture or position in bed. A DECUBITUS ULCER is a bed-sore.
decuman a great wave, as every tenth wave was supposed to be. [L. decumanus, from decem, ten].
decuria a company of ten or more Roman soldiers under a DECURION. Also DECURY.
decurion in the Roman army, an officer over 10 soldiers.
decury a company of ten or more Roman soldiers under a DECURION. Also DECURIA.
dedimus a writ to commission private persons to do some act in place of a judge, as to examine a witness, etc > DEDIMUSES.
definiens a word or words used in a dictionary definition > DEFINIENTIA. [L. pp. of definire].
definiendum a word or phrase that is to be defined in a dictionary.
dei pl. DEUS, god.
dejecta excrements.
delenda things to be deleted or destroyed. [Pl. L. delendum].
deliquium a melting or dissolution in the air, or in a moist place; a liquid condition; as, a salt falls into a deliquium > DELIQUIUMS.
delirium the state of being delirious > DELIRIA or DELIRIUMS.
delubrum a font, a temple or shrine having a font > DELUBRUMS.
denarius a Roman coin > DENARII.
dentalium a genus of marine mollusks belonging to the Scaphopoda, having a tubular conical shell > DENTALIA or DENTALIUMS.
dentex an edible European marine fish of the perch family > DENTEXES.
dermis the true skin, below the outer layer. Also DERM, DERMA.
desideratum something needed and desired > DESIDERATA.
detritus waste or debris. [L. detritus].
deus a god.
dexter the right-hand side. (Unlike SINISTER, this is a noun and can take an —S).
diatretum a glass bowl of late Roman times.
dictum a saying > DICTUMS or DICTA.
diesis in printing, a double dagger > DIESES.
digitorium a silent piano for practicing > DIGITORIUMS.
diluvium a deposit of superficial loam, sand, gravel, stones, etc., caused by former action of flowing waters, or the melting of glacial ice > DILUVIA or DILUVIUMS. Also DILUVION.
dirige a service for the dead, in the Roman Catholic Church, being the first antiphon of Matins for the dead, of which Dirige is the first word; a dirge.
discursus argumentation; ratiocination; discursive reasoning.
discus a heavy thick-centred disc or plate thrown in ancient and modern athletic sports > DISCUSES or DISCI.
dissensus difference of opinion.
divisim separately.
dixi I have spoken. Cf. DIXIT.
dixit an utterance or statement (quoted as) already made. Cf. DIXI.
dolichurus a dactylic hexameter with a redundant syllable at the end > DOLICHURI.
dolium a Roman earthenware jar for grain, oil etc > DOLIA.
domatium a plant structure that harbours mites or other symbiotic organisms > DOMATIA.
dominium ownership of property with right of disposition > DOMINIUMS.
dorsum the back > DORSA.
douleia in Roman Catholicism, the inferior veneration accorded to saints and angels. Also DULIA.
dulcamara a flower of the potato family, aka BITTERSWEET. [L. dulcis, sweet + amara, bitter].
duodenum the part of the small intestines between the stomach and the jejunum > DUODENA or DUODENUMS.
dupondius a Roman coin > DUPONDII.
duramen the heartwood of a tree or other woody plant. [L. duramen, hardness].
durum a strain of wheat. [L. durus, hard].
duumvir one of two men sharing same office.
dux a leader > DUXES.
ecclesia the public legislative assembly of the Athenians > ECCLESIAE.
echinus a carved molding just below the abacus of a Doric capital; a sea-urchin > ECHINUSES or ECHINI. [L. from Gk. ekhinos, hedgehog].
ectasis the lengthening of a syllable from short to long.
edile in classical times, a magistrate in charge of games, markets or buildings. Also AEDILE.
effluvium an invisible emanation; an offensive exhalation or smell > EFFLUVIA or EFFLUVIUMS.
egesta that which is egested or thrown off from the body by the various excretory channels; excrements; -- opposed to INGESTA.
egis protection, defense; patronage, sponsorship. Also AEGIS.
ejecta material ejected e.g. from a volcano.
electrum an alloy of gold and silver > ELECTRUMS.
elegit a writ of execution on a debtor's property.
elenchus that part of an argument on which its conclusiveness depends; that which convinces of refutes an antagonist; a refutation > ELENCHI. Also ELENCH.
elogium praise bestowed on a person or thing; a panegyric. Also ELOGY.
eluvium an accumulation of rock debris > ELUVIA or ELUVIUMS.
elytrum each of the horny forewings of a coleopterous insect, which form protective sheaths for the hindwings > ELYTRA. Also ELYTRON.
embolus something inserted, as a wedge; the piston or sucker of a pump or syringe > EMBOLI or EMBOLUSES.
emerita (someone female) honorably discharged from the performance of public duty on account of age, infirmity, or long and faithful services > EMERITAE.
emeritus (someone male) honorably discharged from the performance of public duty on account of age, infirmity, or long and faithful services > EMERITI.
emporium a shop, esp. one that sells unusual or fancy goods > EMPORIUMS or EMPORIA.
encomium glowing and warmly enthusiastic praise > ENCOMIA or ENCOMIUMS.
endameba a parasitic amoeba > ENDAMEBAE or ENDAMEBAS. Also ENDAMOEBA.
endamoeba a parasitic amoeba > ENDAMOEBAE or ENDAMOEBAS. Also ENDAMEBA.
endocardium a membrane lining the heart cavities > ENDOCARDIA.
endometrium the inner lining of the womb > ENDOMETRIA.
entameba an amoeba that causes amoebic dysentery > ENTAMEBAS or ENTAMEBAE. Also ENTAMOEBA.
entamoeba an amoeba that causes amoebic dysentery > ENTAMOEBAS or ENTAMOEBAE. Also ENTAMEBA.
entellus an East Indian long-tailed bearded monkey regarded as sacred by the natives, remarkable for the caplike arrangement of the hair on the head. [Apparently from Entellus, the old Sicilian in Virgil's Aeneid, from its old-mannish appearance].
entomofauna insect life.
entropium the inversion or turning in of the border of the eyelids.
ephebus a young adult Greek > EPHEBI. Also EPHEBOS, EPHEBE.
ephelis a freckle or mole > EPHELIDES.
ephemera a fever of one day's continuance only > EPHEMERAS or EPHEMERAE.
epicardium that part of the pericardium which forms the outer surface of the heart; the cardiac pericardium.
epicedium a funeral ode > EPICEDIA.
epifauna the class of animals that inhabit submerged ground and river and sea beds > EPIFAUNAE or EPIFAUNAS.
epigonus an inferior imitator of a creative thinker or artist > EPIGONI. Also EPIGON, EPIGONE.
equant a term in Ptolemy's astronomical system. [L. aequare, to make equal].
equid any member of the horse family.
equinox the beginning of autumn and spring, the two days each year when the sun is directly overhead at the equator.
equisetum a plant, horsetail.
eques one of an order of knights holding a middle place between the senate and the commonalty; members of the Roman equestrian order > EQUITES.
eremurus a flower, the foxtail lily > EREMURI.
ergo therefore; hence.
erica a genus of plants, heather.
erotema a rhetorical question > EROTEMAS. Also EROTEME, EROTESIS.
erotica erotic books, art etc.
erratum an error in writing or printing > ERRATA.
esse actual existence, essence. [L. esse, to be].
estrum a period of sexual excitement and ovulation in animals. Also ESTRUS, OESTRUS, OESTRUM.
estrus a period of sexual excitement and ovulation in animals. Also ESTRUM, OESTRUS, OESTRUM.
etcetera and the rest.
eulogia a blessing; holy bread > EULOGIAE or EULOGIAS.
eulogium normal eulogy > EULOGIA.
euouae a Gregorian cadence. [From the vowels in 'seculorum Amen' heard in the doxology 'Gloria Patri']. Also EVOVAE.
euripus an arm of the sea with strong currents, spec. that between Euboea and Boeotia in classical Greece > EURIPI or EURIPUSES.
evangeliarium a book of passages from the Gospels to be used at Mass or other services. Also EVANGELIARION, EVANGELIAR, EVANGELIARY.
evovae a Gregorian cadence. [From the vowels in 'seculorum Amen' heard in the doxology 'Gloria Patri']. Also EUOUAE.
examen an examination; an inquiry, esp. a formal examination of the soul or conscience.
excerptum an excerpt, selection > EXCERPTA.
excrementum waste material or rubbish > EXCREMENTA.
excreta waste products, excrement.
excudit he or she struck, hammered, forged or printed this.
excursus a dissertation or discussion on some particular matter appended to the main body of a book or chapter > EXCURSUSES.
exeat a permit for temporary absence (as from a college or monastery). [L. 'let him go out'].
exedra a semicircular bench beside an episcopal throne; an outdoor bench or recess > EXEDRAE or EXEDRAS.
exemplum a short story or anecdote with a moral > EXEMPLA.
exequatur a written official recognition of a consul or commercial agent, issued by the government to which he is accredited, and authorizing him to exercise his powers in the place to which he is assigned.
exeunt (stage direction) they go out.
exhedra a semicircular bench beside an episcopal throne; an outdoor bench or recess > EXHEDRAE. Also EXEDRA.
exodus a going out.
exordium the beginning or introduction to a composition > EXORDIUM or EXORDIA.
extempore without previous study or meditation; without preparation; on the spur of the moment; (noun) an impromptu speech etc. [L. ex tempore (out of the time), from tempus (time)].
extremum a maximum or mininum of a mathematical function > EXTREMA or EXTREMUMS.
exuviae cast skins, shells, or coverings of animals; any parts of animals which are shed or cast off, as the skins of snakes, the shells of lobsters, etc.
exuvium the moulted covering of an animal > EXUVIA.
facetiae witty or humorous sayings or writings. [L. facetia, jest]. N.B. there is no singular FACETIA*.
faciend the multiplicand.
facies facial expression as a symptom; general aspect.
factis factice vulcanized oil, used as substitute for rubber. [L. facticius, factitivus, from facere to make].
factotum an employee or assistant who does just about everything > FACTOTUMS.
factum a man's own act and deed > FACTUMS, not FACTA*.
facula an unusually bright spot on the sun's surface > FACULAE.
faeces feces excrement.
falcula a curved and sharp-pointed claw > FALCULAS.
falx the sickle-shaped fold of the dura mater on the midline of the brain between the cerebral hemispheres > FALCES. [L. falx, sickle].
famulus a private secretary or attendant > FAMULI.
fanum a liturgical garment worn by the Pope when celebrating a solemn pontifical mass. Also FANON, FANO.
farina a fine flour or meal made from cereal grains. [L. flour, corn]. Also FARINHA.
farinha a fine flour or meal made from cereal grains. [L. farina, flour, corn]. Also FARINA.
farrago a confused collection, mixture. [L. farrago, mixed fodder, cattle feed] > FARRAGOS or FARRAGOES.
fascis a bundle of rods with an axe used to symbolise authority: FASCES.
fascia a band of color; a band or layer of connective tissue; a name-board over shop; a dashboard > FASCIAE or FASCIAS.
fasciculus a little bundle; a fascicle > FASCICULI.
fasciola fasciole a band of colour.
fasti those days among the ancient Romans on which it was lawful to transact legal or public business (the opposite of nefasti, which is not in OSWI, though NEFAST is).
fastigium the apex, the summit; in architecture. the ridge or gable end of a roof, a pediment.
fastuous haughty, arrogant; ostentatious, showy. [L. fastuosus, from fastus, arrogance].
fauces the narrow passage from the mouth to the pharynx, situated between the soft palate and the base of the tongue. [L. fauces, throat].
fauna the animal life of a region > FAUNAS or FAUNAE.
favus a fungal skin disease, chiefly of the scalp. [L. favus, honeycomb].
fecial fetial in ancient Rome: a member of a group of priests who acted as heralds and performed the rites connected with the declaration of war and conclusion of peace. [L. fetialis].
fecit he or she made this.
fecula a fine flour usually extracted from potatoes > FECULAE or FECULAS.
feliciter happily, successfully.
felid a member of the cat family. [L. felis, cat].
fellatio oral stimulation of the penis. [L. from fellatus, pp. of fellare to suck].
femur the thighbone > FEMURS or FEMORA.
fenestra a small opening; esp., one of the apertures, closed by membranes, between the tympanum and internal ear > FENESTRAS or FENESTRAE.
feria a weekday of the church calendar on which no feast is celebrated > FERIAE or FERIAS.
ferrugo a disease of plants caused by fungi, commonly called the rust, from its resemblance to iron rust in color > FERRUGOS. [L. ferrugo, iron-rust].
ferrum iron > FERRUMS.
ferula an instrument used to punish children; specif: a flat piece of wood (as a ruler); (verb) to strike with this > FERULAE or FERULAS. Also FERULE.
fetialis in ancient Rome: a member of a group of priests who acted as heralds and performed the rites connected with the declaration of war and conclusion of peace > FETIALES. Cf. FECIAL, FETIAL.
fetor foetor an offensive odor, a stench.
fetus foetus the young animal in the egg or in the womb, after its parts are distinctly formed.
fiat a formal authorization for a proposed arrangement; (verb) to sanction.
fibrilla a minute thread of fiber, as one of the fibrous elements of a muscular fiber; a fibril > FIBRILLAE.
fibula a bone of the leg; a brooch in the shape of a safety pin > FIBULAE or FIBULAS.
ficus a genus of plants including the fig-tree.
fides faith, trust.
filaria a parasitic worm > FILARIAE. Also FILARIID.
filioque a clause in the Nicene Creed.
filum a threadlike anatomical structure > FILA.
filius a son > FILII.
fimbria a fringe; any of the threads or other projections forming a fringe > FIMBRIAE.
finalis a type of tone in mediaeval music.
finis the end, the conclusion.
fistula an abnormal duct to the body surface or to another cavity > FISTULAE or FISTULAS.
flabellum a fan; especially, the fan carried before the pope on state occasions, made in ostrich and peacock feathers > FLABELLUMS or FLABELLA.
flagellum a whip, a whip-like organ > FLAGELLUMS or FLAGELLA.
flamen a priest of a Roman deity > FLAMENS or FLAMINES.
flatus gas in the stomach.
flocculus a small lobe in the under surface of the cerebellum, near the middle peduncle; the subpeduncular lobe. Also FLOCCULE.
floccus the tuft of hair terminating the tail of mammals > FLOCCI.
flora the plant life of a region > FLORAS or FLORAE.
floreat floreant may it flourish.
florilegium a collection of literary pieces; an anthology > FLORILEGIA.
floruit the period during which a person was alive > FLORUITS.
fluor a mineral, calcium fluoride. [L. fluor, to flow, from its use as a flux].
focus a point at which rays or waves (of light, heat, sound, etc.) meet after reflection or refraction > FOCI.
foederatus a conquered enemy of Rome; an auxiliary soldier fighting for the Romans.
foetus an unborn viviparous animal in the womb, an unhatched oviparous animal in the egg; esp. an unborn human more than eight weeks after conception.
folium a leaf, lamina or lamella > FOLIA or FOLIUMS.
follis a coin of ancient Rome > FOLLES.
fomes a substance capable of carrying infection, such as woolen clothes > FOMITES. [L. fomes, tinder].
fonticulus the depression just over the top of the breastbone > FONTICULI.
foramen a small opening, perforation, or orifice; a fenestra > FORAMENS or FORAMINA.
forceps a pair of pincers, usually held in one hand to obtain a firm grip on a small object > FORCEPS, FORCEPSES or FORCIPES. [L. formus, hot, + cepere, to hold].
forfex a pair of scissors or pincers > FORFEXES.
formaliter formal; in respect of the formal element.
formula a prescribed or set form; a fixed or conventional method in which anything is to be done, arranged, or said > FORMULAE or FORMULAS.
fornix an arch or fold; as, the fornix, or vault, of the cranium; the fornix, or reflection, of the conjunctiva > FORNICES.
fortis pronounced with tension and strong articulation (fortis consonants: f, p). [L. strong].
forum a marketplace; a place for discussion > FORUMS or FORA.
fossa the depression in which the nostril is located > FOSSAE. 2. (Malagasy) a red-brown catlike viverrid mammal of Madagascar > FOSSAS. Also FOUSSA.
fossor a grave-digger.
fossula a small depression or groove > FOSSULAE.
fovea a depression or pit > FOVEAE or FOVEAS.
foveola a small depression > FOVEOLAE or FOVEOLAS. Also FOVEOLE, FOVEOLET.
fractus a ragged cloud > FRACTI.
fraenum a connecting fold of membrane serving to support or restrain any part; as, the frenum of the tongue > FRAENUMS or FRAENA. Also FRENUM.
fragor a crash.
frater a monk; also, a frater house.
fremitus a vibration; a rumbling.
frenulum a small stiff hair on the hindwings of some insects, serving to bond hind and front wings > FRENULA or FRENULUMS.
frenum a connecting fold of membrane serving to support or restrain any part; as, the frenum of the tongue > FRENUMS or FRENA. Also FRAENUM.
frigidarium the room in Roman baths containing the final, cold, bath > FRIGIDARIA.
frons the forehead; the part of the cranium between the orbits and the vertex > FRONTES.
frustum the part of a solid next the base, formed by cutting off the, top; or the part of any solid, as of a cone, pyramid, etc., between two planes, which may be either parallel or inclined to each other > FRUSTUMS or FRUSTA.
frutex a plant having a woody, durable stem, but less than a tree; a shrub > FRUTICES.
fucus a genus of seaweed, brown algae > FUCI or FUCUSES.
fulcrum the prop or support on which a lever pivots > FULCRA or FULCRUMS.
fumatorium a place for smoking or fumigation > FUMATORIUMS or FUMATORIA. Also FUMATORY.
fumulus a thin cloud > FUMULI.
fundus the inner basal surface farthest from the opening (as in the eye) > FUNDI.
fungus any of a large division of organisms including mushrooms, toadstools, moulds, rusts and yeasts > FUNGI or FUNGUSES.
funiculus the umbilical cord; a funicle > FUNICULI. [L. funiculus, dim. of funis, a rope].
furcula the jointed clavicles of a bird, the WISHBONE > FURCULAE.
furculum the jointed clavicles of a bird, the WISHBONE > FURCULA.
furfur dandruff or scurf > FURFURS or FURFURES. [L. furfur, bran].
galbanum a gum resin exuding from the stems of certain Asiatic umbelliferous plants, mostly species of Ferula. [L. from Gk. chalbane, probably an Eastern word].
galea a helmet-shaped structure > GALEAE or GALEAS.
galena an ore of lead > GALENAS.
garum a thick fish sauce.
gastrula an embryo at the stage following inward migration of the cells of the blastula, typically consisting of a hollow cup-shaped structure having three layers of cells enclosing the archenteron > GASTRULAS or GASTRULAE. Cf. BLASTULA, MORULA.
gaudeamus a convivial gathering, esp. of college or university students > GAUDEAMUSES. [L. let us rejoice].
gemma a bud from which a new plant can grow > GEMMAE.
gena the cheek or side of the head.
generale general principles, esp. in pl. GENERALIA.
genesis the act of producing, or giving birth or origin to anything.
genista a genus of plants including the common broom of Western Europe.
genitor one who begets; a generator; an originator.
genetrix genitrix a mother; female ancestor > GENETRIXES or GENETRICES; GENITRICES or GENITRIXES.
genius the tutelary or attendant spirit in classical pagan belief allotted to every person at birth, or to a place, institution, etc > GENIUSES or GENII.
gens an ancient Rome a clan including several families descending from a common ancestor > GENTES.
genu the knee > GENUA.
genus a taxonomic group of lower rank than a family > GENERA.
georgic a poem on husbandry or rural affairs. [L. georgicus].
geum an avens, a plant of the Geum genus of the rose family.
gingiva the fleshy tissue that surrounds the teeth > GINGIVAE.
gingival relating to the gums. [L. gingiva, gum].
ginglymus a joint that permits movement in one plane only, a hinge joint > GINGLYMI.
glabella the space between the eyebrows, just above the nose > GLABELLAE.
gladiolus a lilylike plant of the genus Gladiolus, aka corn flag > GLADIOLUSES or GLADIOLI. Also GLADIOLA, GLADIOLE.
gladius the internal shell, or pen, of cephalopods like the squids > GLADIUSES. [L. gladius, sword].
glans the vascular body which forms the apex of the penis, and the extremity of the clitoris > GLANDES. [L. glans, acron].
gleba a spore-bearing mass of some fungi > GLEBAE. [L. gleba, clod, soil].
globus any spherical structure: GLOBI.
glochidium the larva of a freshwater mussel that develops as a parasite on fish > GLOCHIDIA.
glomus a small body consisting of blood-vessels and associated tissue; esp. any of numerous small structures in the skin of the hands and feet functioning in temperature regulation > GLOMERA. [L. glomus, ball of wool].
gloria an aureole, a halo > GLORIAS.
glossa the tongue > GLOSSAE or GLOSSAS.
glutaeus any of the three large muscles of the buttock > GLUTAEI. Also GLUTEUS.
gluteus any of the three large muscles of the buttocks > GLUTEI. Also GLUTAEUS.
gracilis a thigh muscle > GRACILES.
gradatim step by step.
gradus a dictionary of prosody, designed as an aid in writing Greek or Latin poetry > GRADUSES.
grandiflora (a plant) bearing large flowers.
granum a part of a plant chloroplast. [L. granum, grain].
graphium a stylus.
gratis without charge; for free.
gravamen the material part of a complaint > GRAVAMENS or GRAVAMINA. [L. gravare (to burden) and ultimately from L. gravis (heavy)].
gravida a pregnant woman > GRAVIDAE or GRAVIDAS.
gravis as in myasthenia gravis, a wasting disease.
gravitas high seriousness.
gregatim in flocks.
grex a group of plants arising from the same hybrid parent: GREXES.
groma a Roman surveying instrument > GROMAS.
gubernator a powerful man in government.
gula the upper part of the throat. [L. gula, throat].
gumma a syphilitic tumour > GUMMATA or GUMMAS.
gutta a small, drop-like ornament on a Doric entablature > GUTTAE or GUTTAS.
gyrus a convoluted ridge between two grooves > GYRI or GYRUSES.
habitus habitude; mode of life; general appearance > HABITUS.
haeres an heir > HAEREDES. Also HERES.
halitus vapour; breath.
hallux the big toe; the hind toe of birds > HALLUCES.
hamulus a small hook or hook-like process on a bone > HAMULI.
haruspex a person who inspected the entrails of sacrificial victims in order to foretell the future > HARUSPICES. Also ARUSPEX.
haustorium one of the suckerlike rootlets of such plants as the dodder and ivy > HAUSTORIA.
hedera ivy.
hemina an obsolete corn measure > HEMINAS.
hepatica a flower, aka LIVERWORT > HEPATICAE or HEPATICAS.
hercules an exceptionally strong or muscular man > HERCULESES.
heres an heir > HEREDES. Also HAERES.
heretrix a heiress > HERETRIXES or HERETRICES.
heritrix a heiress > HERITRIXES or HERITRICES.
herma a head of Hermes on a square stone post > HERMAE or HERMAI.
hernia a rupture > HERNIAE or HERNIAS.
herpes a skin disease. [L. 'creeping'].
herpetofauna snake life.
hetaera a paramour; prostitute; concubine > HETAERAE or HETAERAS. Also HETAIRA.
hiant gaping. [L. hiare, to yawn].
hiatus a gap, an interruption. [L. hiare, to yawn].
hibernaculum winter quarters > HIBERNACULA.
hibiscus any of numerous chiefly tropical herbaceous plants, shrubs, and trees of the genus Hibiscus. [L. from Gk. ibiskos, marsh-mallow].
hiems (Shakesp.) winter. [L. hiems].
hieratic consecrated to sacred uses; sacerdotal; pertaining to priests. [L. hieraticus, from Gk. hieratikos, from hieros, sacred].
hieratica the finest papyrus, used for Egyptian sacred writings. [L. hieraticus, from Gk. hieratikos, from hieros, sacred].
hilum a mark where a seed was attached to its stalk; small opening in organ for duct, nerves, or vessels > HILA.
hilus an indentation in the surface of an organ, as the kidney or spleen, where blood-vessels, ducts, nerve fibres, etc., enter or leave it > HILI.
hippus a clonic spasm of the iris > HIPPUSES.
histrio histrion (arch.) an actor. [L. histrio].
hoc this, as in ad hoc.
homo man generically > HOMINES; (sl.) a homosexual > HOMOS.
hospitium a hospice > HOSPITIA.
humerus the bone of the BRACHIUM, or upper part of the arm or fore limb > HUMERI.
humidor a receptacle for saliva.
humus the generally dark, more or less stable part of the organic matter in a soil, so well decomposed that the original sources cannot be identified > HUMUSES.
hydra a freshwater hydrozoon of the genus Hydra, remarkable for the power of multiplication on being cut or divided > HYDRAE or HYDRAS.
hypha a threadlike element forming the mycelium of a fungus > HYPHAE.
hypnum the largest genus of true mosses; feather moss > HYPNUMS.
hypogaeum the underground part of building > HYPOGAEA. Also HYPOGEUM.
hypogastrium the lower middle abdominal region .
hypogeum the underground part of building > HYPOGEA. Also HYPOGAEUM.
iambus a metrical foot > IAMBI or IAMBUSES.
ibidem in the same place.
ictus a recurring stress/accent in a rhythmic/metrical series of sounds; a mark indicating the syllable on which stress/accent occurs. [L. ictus, a blow].
idem the same; the same as above.
ides in the ancient Roman calendar, the eighth day after the nones, i.e. the 15th of March, May, July, October, and the 13th of the other months.
idolum a mental image; a logical fallacy > IDOLA.
ileum the anterior or superior bone of the pelvis > ILEA. Also ILIUM.
ileus a complete obstruction of the intestine > ILEUSES.
ilex the holm oak > ILEXES or ILICES.
iliacus the flexor muscle of thigh > ILIACUSES.
ilium the anterior or superior bone of the pelvis > ILIA. Also ILEUM.
imago an idealized mental image of a person; an insect in its final, adult, sexually mature, and typically winged state > IMAGOS, IMAGOES, IMAGINES. [L. imago, image].
imbrex in Roman buildings, one of a series of usu. curved tiles fitting over flat tiles > IMBRICES.
impatiens a genus of plants, so called because the elastic capsules burst when touched, and scatter the seeds with considerable force.
imperator a commander; a leader; an emperor.
imperium empire > IMPERIA or IMPERIUMS.
impetigo a skin disease > IMPETIGOS or IMPETIGINES.
impetus force, impulse. [L. impetus, assault, force].
implex in arthropods, an in-turning of the integument where muscles are attached > IMPLEXES.
impluvium in Roman dwellings, a cistern or tank, set in the atrium or peristyle to receive the water from the roof > IMPLUVIA.
imprimatur an official license to print e.g. a book.
imprimis in the first place.
impromptu improvised, spontaneous; (noun) a short piece of impromptu music.
incipit here begins.
incubus an evil spirit that lies on women in their sleep; a nightmare > INCUBI or INCUBUSES.
incunabulum a book printed from movable type before 1501 > INCUNABULA. Also INCUNABLE.
incus an anvil-shaped bone in the middle ear. Cf. MALLEUS and STAPES > INCUDES or INCUSES.
indecorum a lack of decorum.
indicium an indicating mark or sign > INDICIA or INDICIUMS.
individuum an indivisible entity; an individual person > INDIVIDUA.
indumentum a total body covering of hair, fur or feathers > INDUMENTA.
induviae withered leaves which persist on plants. N.B. there is no singular INDUVIA.
inedita unpublished literary works.
inertia the tendency of a body to resist acceleration > INERTIAE or INERTIAS.
infauna the class of animals inhabiting ocean and river beds > INFAUNAE or INFAUNAS.
infaust unlucky; ill-omened. [L. infaustus].
inferiae offerings to the spirits of the dead. N.B. there is no singular INFERIA.
infimum the greatest lower bound.
inflatus a blowing or breathing into > INFLATUSES.
infula a sort of fillet worn by dignitaries, priests, and others among the ancient Romans. It was generally white > INFULAE.
ingenium mentality; talent, genius > INGENIUMS.
ingesta .that which is introduced into the body by the stomach or alimentary canal; -- opposed to EGESTA.
inoculum any material used in inoculation > INOCULA.
insula (Roman antiquity) a block of buildings, an apartment house > INSULAE.
interim meanwhile.
interregnum the time during which a throne is vacant between two reigns; a lapse in a continuous series.
intervallum a gap, an interval > INTERVALLUMS.
intima the inner lining of an organ or vessel > INTIMAE or INTIMAS.
introit a psalm or hymn chanted at approach to altar of celebrant priest; the first part of the Roman Catholic Mass.
introitus the entrance to a cavity or hollow organ e.g. the vagina > INTROITUSES.
inula a kind of plant, aka ELECAMPANE.
invenit he or she devised this.
involucrum a whorl or set of bracts around a flower, umbel, or head. Ol. INVOLUCRA. Also INVOLUCRE.
ischium the ventral and posterior of the three principal bones composing either half of the pelvis > ISCHIA.
isthmus a narrow neck of land joining two land masses > ISTHMI or ISTHMUSES.
iterum again; afresh; anew.
iure jure by right or law.
janitor a doorkeeper; an attendant or caretaker.
janitrix a female janitor.
or JEJUNUMS the middle division of the small intestine, between the duodenum and ileum; -- so called because usually found empty after death > JEJUNA.
jube a rood-loft, or screen and gallery. [L. imperative of jubere, to command].
jubile a celebration. Also JUBILEE.
jugulum the front part of the neck > JUGULA.
jugum a pair of leaflets in a pinnate leaf > JUGA or JUGUMS.
juncus any plant of the genus Juncus, rushes.
jurat a memorandum at the end of an affidavit showing to whom it was sworn.
jus law or legal right > JURA.
juvenilia works of one's youth; early works of an artist or author. [L. juvenilis, from juvenis, young].
jynx yunx the wryneck. [L. iynx, from Gk. iynx or iynx].
kalends the first day of the ancient Roman month from which days were counted backwards to the Ides. Also CALENDS. N.B. No singular KALEND.
labarum a moral standard; an ecclesiastical banner bearing Christ's monogram > LABARA or LABARUMS.
labdanum ladanum a gum resin gathered from certain Oriental species of Cistus.
labellum the lower or apparently anterior petal of an orchidaceous flower, often of a very curious shape > LABELLA.
labium a lip, or liplike organ > LABIA.
labrum a lip or edge, as of a basin > LABRA or LABRUMS.
lacinia one of the narrow, jagged, irregular pieces or divisions which form a sort of fringe on the borders of the petals of some flowers > LACINIAE.
lacuna a gap, a hiatus > LACUNAE or LACUNAS. Also LACUNE.
lacunar a sunken panel or coffer in a ceiling. [L. lacunar, a fretted ceiling] > LACUNARS or LACUNARIA.
laetare the fourth Sunday in Lent.
lagena a narrow-necked bottle > LAGENAS.
lamella a thin plate or layer > LAMELLAE or LAMELLAS.
lamia a mythical monster with snake's body and woman's head and breasts > LAMIAE or LAMIAS.
lamina a thin plate or layer; flake > LAMINAE or LAMINAS.
lanugo a woolly down, especially covering the human fetus > LANUGOS.
lapillus a small stone ejected by volcanic eruption > LAPILLI.
lapis a stone, as in set phrases such as lapis philosophicus > LAPISES or LAPIDES.
lapsus a slip e.g. of the tongue > LAPSUS.
larva an insect in a state of development (displaying little or no similarity to the adult) lasting from the time of its leaving the egg until its transformation into a pupa > LARVAE or LARVAS.
larynx the upper part of the windpipe > LARYNGES or LARYNXES.
latex the milky juice of some plants > LATEXES or LATICES.
lathyrus any plant of the Lathyrus genus, that includes sweet peas.
latifondi great landed estates. Also LATIFUNDIA (pl. of LATIFUNDIUM).
latifundium a great landed estate with primitive agriculture. [L. latus, broad + fundus, estate].
latitat a writ based on the supposition that a person is in hiding. [L. latitare, -atum (3rd person singular present latitat), frequentative of latere, to be in hiding].
latria in Roman Catholicism, the veneration accorded to God alone. Cf. DOULEIA.
laura a group of huts or cells inhabited by reclusive monks in Egypt and the Middle East > LAURAE or LAURAS. Also LAVRA.
lavabo a ceremony in which a priest washes his hands; a basin for the ceremony > LAVABOES or LAVABOS.
lectisternium an ancient Greek/Roman religious rite in which the images of gods were placed on couches and food spread before them > LECTISTERNIA or LECTISTERNIUMS.
lector a reader, esp. in a college or church service.
lecythus a narrow-necked Greek flask > LECYTHI. Also LEKYTHOS, LEKYTHUS.
ledum a plant of the Labrador tea genus.
legitim the portion of movable estate to which the children are entitled upon the death of the father. [L. legitima (pars) lawful (part), from lex, law].
lekythus an oil jar used in ancient Greece > LEKYTHI. Also LEKYTHOS, LECYTHUS.
lemma a word or phrase defined in a dictionary, glossed in a glossary, entered in a word-list, etc.; the form of a word or phrase chosen to represent all inflectional and spelling variants in a dictionary entry etc > LEMMAS, LEMMATA.
lemniscus a band of fibres, esp. nerve fibres.
lemur 1. one of a group of long-tailed mammals allied to the monkeys, living in Madagascar > LEMURS. 2. an ancient Roman ghost of the dead > LEMURES.
lentigo a freckle or freckle-like condition > LENTIGINES. [L. lentigo, -inis a freckle, from lens, a lentil].
lentisk the mastic tree, Pistacia lentiscus. [L. lentiscus].
lentor sluggishness; viscidity. [L. lentus, slow].
lepra leprosy; a mealy substance on some plants > LEPRAS.
levator a muscle raising limb or part > LEVATORS or LEVATORES. [L. levator a lifter, from levare to raise].
lex law, as in lex domicilii, law of the country where a person is domiciled > LEGES or LEXES.
lexicon a word-book or dictionary > LEXICONS or LEXICA. [Gk. lexikon a dictionary, from lexis, a word, legein to speak].
lexis the total set of words in a language as distinct from morphology; vocabulary e.g. the lexis of the 'Beowulf' poet.
liber a book of public records > LIBRI or LIBERS.
libido psychic drive or energy, esp. that associated with the sexual instinct > LIBIDOS.
libra a Roman pound > LIBRAE or LIBRAS.
lictor an ancient Roman magistrate's attendant.
lignum the fragrant wood of several shrubs and trees, especially of species of Rhodorhiza from the Canary Islands, and of the West Indian Amyris balsamifera > LIGNUMS.
ligula a tongue-like part or organ; the anterior part of an insect's LABIUM or lower lip > LIGULAE or LIGULAS.
limacel a slug's reduced, usu. embedded, shell. [L. limax, slug].
limbus a distinctive border; (Anat.) the margin of the cornea > LIMBUSES or LIMBI.
limen a threshold; limit below which a stimulus becomes imperceptible > LIMENS or LIMINA.
limes an ancient Roman fortified boundary > LIMITES.
limma in prosody, a pause of one MORA; in Pythagorean music, the difference between two whole tones and a perfect fourth.
limulus a horseshoe crab of the genus Limulus > LIMULI or LIMULUSES.
linctus a medicated syrup for throat > LINCTUSES. [L. linctus, a licking].
lingua a tongue > LINGUAE or LINGUAS.
lingula a tongue-like process or part > LINGULAE or LINGULAS.
linum a genus of herbaceous plants including the flax.
liquidus a curve plotted on a graph showing how temperature affects the composition of a melting or solidifying mixture. [L. liquidus, liquid].
literatim letter by letter.
literatus a learned man; a man acquainted with literature; -- chiefly used in the plural, LITERATI.
litotes the expression of an affirmative by the negative of the contrary, e.g. not a little angry. [L. from Gk, litos, simple, meagre].
lituus an augur's curved staff; a J-shaped Roman trumpet > LITUUSES.
livedo a discoloured patch on the skin: LIVEDOS.
lixivium a solution of alkaline salts extracted from wood ashes; hence, any solution obtained by lixiviation > LIXIVIA or LIXIVIUMS. [L. lixivium, lye].
lobulus a small lobe or lobe-like structure > LOBULI.
lobus a lobe > LOBI.
loculus any of a number of small cavities or cells separated from one another by septa; esp. a cavity of an ovary or anther > LOCULI. Also LOCULE.
locum a professional (typically a physician or clergyman) who substitutes temporarily for a peer. [From locum tenens].
locus a place; a locality > LOCI or (erroneously) LOCA.
locusta the spikelet or flower cluster of grasses > LOCUSTAE.
lodicula a green or white scale forming the lowest part of a grass flower > LODICULAE. Also LODICULE.
loligo a genus of cephalopods, including numerous species of squids, common on the coasts of America and Europe > LOLIGOS.
lolium any plant of the Lolium genus of grasses > LOLIUMS.
loma a membranous fringe or flap > LOMAS.
lomentum an elongated pod, consisting, like the legume, of two valves, but divided transversely into small cells, each containing a single seed > LOMENTA. [L. lomentum, bean-meal]. Also LOMENT.
longa a long note > LONGAS.
loquitur 'He (or she) says': used with a person's name as a stage direction.
lorica a leather corslet > LORICAE. Also LORIC.
lucumo an Etruscan priest or prince > LUCUMOS or LUCUMONES.
lues disease, especially of a contagious kind.
lumbago inflammation of the lumbar muscles and tendons > LUMBAGOS. [L. lumbago, lumbago, from lumbus, loin].
lumbricus a genus of annelids including the common earthworm. P. LUMBRICUSES or LUMBRICI.
lumbus the part of the lower back and sides between the pelvis and the ribs > LUMBI.
lumen a unit of luminous flux.
lunula a Bronze Age crescent necklace > LUNULAE.
lupanar a brothel. [L. f. lupa prostitute, she-wolf, fem. of lupus wolf.]
lupus a cutaneous disease occurring under two distinct forms. [L. lupus, a wolf].
lustrum a purification of the whole Roman people made in ancient times after the census every five years; by extension a period of five years, a QUINQUENNIUM > LUSTRA or LUSTRUMS.
lusus a sport or freak of nature; a deformed or unnatural production > LUSUSES.
luteum a hormone-secreting body > LUTEA.
lyceum orig. a school of philosophical instruction; a hall for public lectures, an association providing public lectures, concerts, and entertainments > LYCEA or LYCEUMS.
lytta a small ligament in a dog's tongue > LYTTAE or LYTTAS.
macroflora plants visible to the naked eye.
macula a spot, as on the skin, or on the surface of the sun or of some other luminous orb > MACULAE or MACULAS. Cf. FACULA.
maenad a woman participant in orgiastic Dionysian rites > MAENADS or MAENADES. Also MENAD.
magister used as a title of respect preceding the name of a man of academic rank; master.
magisterium the teaching function of the Catholic church > MAGISTERIUMS.
magnum a bottle for wine, spirits, etc., twice the standard size, now usu. containing 11/2 litres.
magus a magician; a person of exceptional wisdom and learning > MAGI. Also MAGE.
malleolus a projection at the distal end of each bone of the leg at the ankle joint > MALLEOLUSES or MALLEOLI.
malleus the outermost of the three small auditory bones, ossicles; the hammer. It is attached to the tympanic membrane by a long process, the handle or MANUBRIUM > MALLEI.
maltha a thick mineral pitch.
malva any plant of the mallow family.
mamilla the nipple of the mammary gland > MAMILLAE. Also MAMMILLA.
mamma the milk gland, the breast > MAMMAE. Mother > MAMMAS.
mammatus a type of cloud > MAMMATI.
mammilla the nipple of the mammary gland > MAMMILLAE. Also MAMILLA.
mandamus a writ instructing that an action should be performed > MANDAMUSES. (Verb) to issue such a writ.
manent a stage direction: they remain on stage.
manet a stage direction: he or she remains on stage.
maniple a narrow embroidered band worn hanging from left arm by celebrant priest; a subdivision of Roman legion consisting of 120 to 200 men. [L. manipulus, from manus the hand, and plere].
mansuete tame; gentle; kind. [L. mansuetus, from manus, hand + suescere, to accustom].
mantissa the decimal part of logarithm. [L. mantissa, make-weight].
manubrium the upper part of breastbone (sternum); any handle-like structure > MANUBRIUMS or MANUBRIA.
mare a sea on the moon > MARIA.
marsupium the pouch, formed by a fold of the skin of the abdomen, in which marsupials carry their young > MARSUPIA or MARSUPIUMS.
martyrium a shrine erected in memory of a martyr.
mater mother > MATERS or MATRES.
materfamilias the mother or female head of family > MATRESFAMILIAS or MATERFAMILIASES.
matricula a register of members, students etc.
matrix the womb; the place in which anything is developed or formed; that in which anything is embedded > MATRICES or MATRIXES.
mausoleum a huge, stately tomb; a large, gloomy building > MAUSOLEA or MAUSOLEUMS. [From King Mausolus of Caria, in Asia Minor; when he died his wife had a vast edifice erected in his memory].
maxilla the bone of either the upper or the under jaw > MAXILLAE or MAXILLAS. [L. maxilla, jaw].
maximum the largest amount > MAXIMA or MAXIMUMS.
meatus the opening of a passage or canal > MEATUSES.
media the middle vein of an insect's wing; a voiced consonantal stop > MEDIAE.
medius the middle finger > MEDII.
medulla marrow; pith; hence, essence > MEDULLAE or MEDULLAS.
medusa a kind of jellyfish > MEDUSAE or MEDUSAS.
melodia a type of organ stop.
memento something that serves to warn or remind; a souvenir > MEMENTOES or MEMENTOS. [From the imperative form of Latin meminisse, to remember].
memorandum a note to help the memory, a record of events or of observations on a particular subject > MEMORANDUMS or MEMORANDA.
memoriter from memory; by heart.
menad a woman participant in orgiastic Dionysian rites. Also MAENAD.
meninx the membrane enclosing brain and spinal cord > MENINGES.
meniscus the convex or concave upper surface of a column of liquid in a tube, caused by surface tension or capillarity > MENISCI or MENISCUSES.
mensa the grinding surface of a tooth > MENSAE or MENSAS.
mentum the chin > MENTA.
mica a rock-forming mineral (muscovite, biotite, lepidolite, etc) with perfect basal cleavage. [L. mica, a crumb, prob. influenced by micare, to glitter].
micella a group of molecular chains, a structural unit of colloids > MICELLAE. Also MICELLE, MICELL.
militia a military force raised from the civilian population, as distinguished from mercenaries or professional soldiers. [L. militia, military service or force, from miles, -itis, a soldier].
milium a hard mass caused by the blockage of a sebaceous gland > MILIA. [L. milium, millet].
millennium a period of one thousand years > MILLENNIA.
minimum the smallest amount > MINIMA or MINIMUMS.
minimus a being of the smallest size > MINIMUSES.
ministerium a ministry.
minium vermilion; red lead > MINIUMS.
minutia a minute particular or detail > MINUTIAE.
miserere the psalm usually appointed for penitential acts, being the 50th psalm in the Latin version. [Lat. 2nd person sing. imp. of misereri to have mercy, to pity, from miser, wretched. The hymn starts with this word].
missa the service or sacrifice of the Mass > MISSAE.
mittimus a warrant granted for sending a charged person to jail > MITTIMUSES.
miurus ahexameter with a short penultimate syllable > MIURUSES.
modicum a small quantity > MODICUMS or MODICA.
modiolus the central column in the osseous cochlea of the ear > MODIOLI.
modius a tall cylindrical head-dress with which certain gods are represented in classical art > MODII.
modulo with respect to a modulus of (a given value).
modulus a number leaving the same remainder when divided into two others > MODULI.
modus the arrangement of, or mode of expressing, the terms of a contract or conveyance > MODI.
molimen a great effort, especially any physical effort made by the body in carrying out a natural function > MOLIMENS. [L. molimen, from moliri, to toil, from moles, mass].
mollusc mollusk any animal of the phylum Mollusca, members of which (as limpets, snails, cuttlefish, oysters, mussels, etc.) have soft bodies and (usu.) hard shells. [L. molluscus softish, from mollis soft].
momentum the quantity of motion in a body measured by the product of mass and velocity > MOMENTA or MOMENTUMS.
momus a satirist, a critic > MOMI or MOMUSES.
monilia a fungus of the Monilia genus, having conidia in branched chains > MONILIAS or MONILIAE. [L. monile, a necklace].
mons a protuberance of the body.
montem a custom, formerly practised by the scholars at Eton, of going every third year, on Whit Tuesday, to a hillock near the Bath road, and exacting money from passers-by, to support at the university the senior scholar of the school. [L. ad montem].
mora a unit of metrical time in prosody > MORAE or MORAS. A game of guessing how many fingers are held up > MORAS.
morbilli measles. (L. morbillus, spot, pustule].
morbus disease, in phrases, e.g. morbus Gallicus, 'French disease'; syphilis.
mores customs.
morsure a bite. [L. morsus, bite].
morula a solid cluster of cells formed by repeated division of a fertilized ovum, prior to its development into a blastula > MORULAE or MORULAS. Cf. BLASTULA, GASTRULA.
mucosa a mucous membrane > MUCOSAE or MUCOSAS.
mucro a minute abrupt point, as of a leaf; any small, sharp point or process, terminating a larger part or organ > MUCROS or MUCRONES. [L. mucro, a point].
multum an extract of QUASSIA licorice, fraudulently used by brewers in order to economize malt and hops.
mummia mummy as a drug or source of pigment.
muraena a genus of large eels of the family Muraenidae. Also MURENA.
murena a genus of large eels of the family Muraenidae. Also MURAENA.
murex a genus of shellfish, yielding a purple dye > MUREXES or MURICES. [L. murex].
musca a genus of dipterous insects, including the common house fly, and numerous allied species > MUSCAE.
muscatorium a FLABELLUM, a fan; especially, the fan carried before the pope on state occasions, made in ostrich and peacock feathers > MUSCATORIA.
mutandum a thing which is to be changed; something which must be altered > MUTANDA.
mutule a kind of square, flat bracket, in Doric architecture, above each triglyph and each metope, with guttae. [L. mutulus].
mutuum a BAILMENT consisting of goods for consumption, such as corn, coal etc., to be returned in goods of the same amount > MUTUUMS. [L. mutuus, borrowed].
mycelium the white threads or filamentous growth from which a mushroom or fungus is developed; the so-called mushroom spawn. Also MYCELE.
myrica a widely dispersed genus of shrubs and trees, usually with aromatic foliage.
myringa the eardrum > MYRINGAS.
mythus myth, mythology > MYTHI. Also MYTHOS.
naevus a birthmark > NAEVI. Also NEVUS.
naris a nostril > NARES.
narthex a small entrance or porch to a church.
natatorium an indoor swimming-pool > NATATORIUMS or NATATORIA.
natis a buttock: NATES.
natura nature > NATURAE.
naumachia an ancient Roman spectacle representing a naval battle > NAUMACHIAE or NAUMACHIAS.
nauplius a larval form in crustaceans > NAUPLII.
nautilus a cephalopod of southern seas > NAUTILI or NAUTILUSES.
navicula an incense-holder shaped like a boat. [L. navicula, little boat].
nebris a fawn-skin worn by Bacchus and his votaries. [L f. Gk = the skin of a fawn, f. nebros, a fawn].
nebula a hazy or indistinct luminous area in the night sky representing a distant cluster of stars > NEBULAE or NEBULAS.
nefast wicked. [L. nefastus, f. nefas, wrong]
nepeta any of various labiate plants of the genus Nepeta. [L. nepeta, calamint].
nereid a sea nymph, one of the daughters of Nereus, attendant upon Neptune > NEREIDS or NEREIDES. Also NEREIS.
nerine a S. African plant related to the AMARYLLIS. [L. nerine, a nereid].
neurula an embryo at the stage succeeding the gastrula, when the neural tube develops from the neural plate > NEURULAE or NEURULAS.
nevus a birthmark > NEVI. Also NAEVUS.
nexus a bond; a linked group.
nidor the savory aroma of cooked food, especially meat.
nidus a nest in which small animals deposit their eggs; a breeding place for germs; fig. a source or origin; a place where some quality or principle is fostered > NIDI or NIDUSES.
nigella a garden flower. [Fem. of L. nigellus, blackish, from niger black, from the plant's black seeds].
nihil nothing.
nimbus a halo; a type of cloud > NIMBI or NIMBUSES.
nisi taking effect at a specified date unless cause is shown otherwise.
nisus a mental or physical effort to attain an end, a striving > NISUS. [L. nisus, from pp. of niti, to strive].
nocebo a harmless substance that induces harmful effects in patients having negative expectations.
noctiluca a roughly spherical marine dinoflagellate of the genus Noctiluca, which is strongly phosphorescent > NOCTILUCAE.
noctua a general name for any moth of the family Noctuidae.
nodus a knotty point, a difficulty > NODI.
nolo a type of legal plea.
nomen a name, esp. of the GENS or clan > NOMINA or NOMENS.
non not.
norma a norm; a principle or rule; a model; a standard > NORMAS.
nostrum a panacea.
notabilia notable sayings; things worthy of notice.
notaeum the back or upper surface, as of a bird > NOTAEUMS.
notandum something to be specially noted or observed > NOTANDA.
notitia knowledge, detailed information; spec. a register or list of ecclesiastical sees or districts > NOTITIAE.
notum the dorsal aspect of the thorax in insects.
nova an exploding star > NOVAE or NOVAS.
novena a series of Catholic church services held on nine successive days > NOVENAE or NOVENAS.
noverint a writ, beginning with the words noverint universi, let all men know.
nubecula a cloudy formation in urine.
nucellus the mass of tissues within the integuments of a plant's ovule, containing the embryo sac > NUCELLI.
nucha the nape of the neck > NUCHAE.
nucleus the central part or thing around which others are grouped or collected > NUCLEI or NUCLEUSES.
nugae trifles; jests. N.B. there is no singular NUGA.
nullipara a woman with no children > NULLIPARAE or NULLIPARAS.
nullipore any of various red algae which secrete a crust of calcium carbonate. [L. nullus, none + porus, a passage, pore].
numen a local or presiding divinity; a god in human form > NUMINA.
nundine the ancient Roman market-day, every eighth day.
nympha a fold of the vulva > NYMPHAE.
obelus a dagger sign used in referring to footnotes > OBELI.
obiit died.
obit a religious office for a dead person.
obiter in passing; incidentally; by the way.
obolus in the Middle Ages, various small coins including a halfpenny > OBOLI. Also OBOL.
occiput the back of skull (occipital area) > OCCIPITA or OCCIPUTS.
ocellus a small simple eye found in many invertebrates; an eye-like marking > OCELLI.
ochrea a sheath of stipules enclosing the leafstalks of certain plants > OCHREAE. Also OCREA.
ocrea a sheath of stipules enclosing the leafstalks of certain plants > OCREAE. Also OCHREA.
octavo a page size, 5" X 8" to 6" X 9.5" of a book composed of printer's. Also EIGHTVO.
octopus a cephalopod > OCTOPI, OCTOPUSES or OCTOPODES. Note that OCTOPI is noted by Chambers as 'wrong' but is still permissible in Scrabble.
oculus any eye-like feature, especially the large circular window at the west end of a church, common in foreign churches, but not usual in England > OCULI.
odeum a building for the performance of vocal and instrumental music, esp. among the ancient Greeks and Romans > ODEUMS, ODEA. Also ODEON.
odium hatred; offensiveness; blame > ODIUMS.
oestrum oestrus estrum estrus a period of sexual excitement and ovulation in animals.
oidium a thin-walled fungal spore > OIDIA.
oleaster a yellow-flowered, olive-like shrub of S. Europe; erroneously, wild olive. [L. oleaster, from olea, an olive-tree, from Greek elaia].
oleum fuming sulphuric acid > OLEUMS or OLEA.
omasum the third of the four stomachs of a ruminant. [L. omasum, bullock's tripe].
omentum a free fold of the peritoneum, or one serving to connect viscera, support blood vessels, etc.; an EPIPLOON > OMENTA or OMENTUMS.
ommateum a compound eye > OMMATEA.
omniana about all sorts of things. No —S.
omnific all-creating.
omnium the aggregate value of the different stocks in which a loan to government is now usually funded > OMNIUMS.
onus burden > ONUSES.
operculum a lid-like gill flap or horny shell cover in snails > OPERCULUMS or OPERCULA.
optime at Cambridge, one in the second or third rank of mathematical honours.
optimum the best possibility > OPTIMA or OPTIMUMS.
opulus the guelder-rose, Viburnum opulus > OPULUSES.
opuntia a genus of cactaceous plants: the prickly pear, or Indian fig. [L. Opuntia (herba, plant) of Opus (Greek Opous), a town of Locris where Pliny said it grew].
opus work, esp. an artistic or literary work > OPUSES or OPERA.
orarium in the Orthodox Church, a deacon's stole > ORARIA. Also ORARION.
oratrix a female orator > ORATRIXES or ORATRICES.
orbita orbit, in the sense of the hollow of the eye > ORBITAS.
ordalium a Latinized form of ORDEAL > ORDALIUMS.
oread a mountain nymph > OREADS or OREADES. Cf. NAIAD, DRYAD.
organum an organ or instrument; hence, a method of philosophical or scientific investigation > ORGANA or ORGANUMS. Also ORGANON.
orgia an orgy > ORGIAS.
os 1. a bone > OSSA. 2. a mouthlike opening > ORA.
osculum the excretory organ of a sponge > OSCULA.
ossarium a place where bones are kept > OSSARIUMS.
ossifraga the giant fulmar. [L. ossifraga, probably the lammergeier, from os, ossis, bone, + frangere, to break].
ostium the mouth of a river; a mouth-like opening > OSTIA.
ovibos the musk ox > OVIBOSES. [L. ovis sheep, and bos, bovis ox].
ozaena a fetid discharge from the nostrils > OZAENAS. [L. from Gk. ozein, to smell].
pablum pabulum food, especially a suspension or solution of nutrients in a state suitable for absorption; intellectual sustenance; something (as writing or speech) that is insipid, simplistic, or bland > PABLUMS, PABULUMS. [L. pabulum, food].
pactum a pact > PACTA.
paean a song of thanksgiving. [L. from Gk. Paian, physician to the gods. The earliest musical paeans were hymns of thanksgiving and praise that were dedicated to Apollo; the word then became generalised].
paenula a Roman travelling cloak > PAENULAE or PAENULAS.
paeon paeonic a foot of four syllables, one long and three short, admitting of four combinations, according to the place of the long syllable. [L. from Gk.].
palaestra a wrestling school; hence, a gymnasium, or place for athletic exercise in general > PALAESTRAE or PALESTRAS. Also PALESTRA.
palama a membrane extending between the toes of a bird, and uniting them more or less closely together > PALAMAE.
palea the membranous inner bract of a grass flower > PALEAE. Also PALET.
palestra a wrestling school; hence, a gymnasium, or place for athletic exercise in general > PALESTRAE or PALESTRAS. Also PALAESTRA.
palla an oblong rectangular piece of cloth, worn by Roman ladies, and fastened with brooches > PALLAE (not PALLAS).
pallium a white woollen band worn round shoulders by pope and archbishops > PALLIA or PALLIUMS.
palpebra the eyelid > PALPEBRAE.
palpus a sense organ attached to mouth-parts of certain insects and crustacea > PALPI.
panchax any of several kinds of brightly coloured fish, often stocked in aquariums.
panicum a genus of grasses, including several hundred species, some of which are valuable; aka panic grass. [L. panicum, foxtail millet].
pannus a layer of vascular fibrous tissue extending over the surface of a specialized structure, esp. the cornea; the condition of having such a layer > PANNUSES.
papilio a genus of butterflies. [L. papilio, butterfly].
papilla a nipple-like projection > PAPILLAE.
pappus a downy tuft on plant seed; down > PAPPI.
papula a pimple > PAPULAE or PAPULAS. Also PAPULE.
papyrus a parchment made from reeds > PAPYRI or PAPYRUSES.
paries a wall of hollow organ or cavity > PARIETES. [L. paries, wall].
partim in part.
passim everywhere.
passus a section of a poem or story > PASSUSES.
patagium a web of skin between forelimbs and hind-limbs of tree-dwelling creatures, that acts as a wing, as in bat or flying squirrel > PATAGIA. [L. patagium, from Gk. patageion, an edging].
patella a kneecap > PATELLAE or PATELLAS.
pater father.
patera a round flat dish used in Roman sacrifices > PATERAE.
paterfamilias the head of the family > PATRESFAMILIAS or PATERFAMILIASES.
patina a film or surface that forms on surface of metal or wood > PATINAE or PATINAS.
patron orig. a Roman patrician who gave legal aid and other protection to his client in return for services. [L. patronos, fr, pater, father].
pax peace > PAXES.
peccavi an admission of sin or guilt.
pecten a comb-like structure of various kinds e.g. in a bird's or reptile's eye; a ribbed mollusc > PECTINES or PECTENS.
peculium private property; especially when given by father to son > PECULIA.
pediculus a genus of wingless parasitic Hemiptera, including the common lice of man > PEDICULI.
pegasus a member of a genus of small fishes superficially like sea-horses, of the coasts of Asia and Australia.
peloria peloria pelorism abnormal symmetry of structure in flowers normally zygomorphic (e.g. toadflax). [Gk. peloros, monstrous].
pelorus a kind of compass from which bearings can be taken > PELORUSES. [From Pelorus, the reputed name of Hannibal's pilot].
pelta a light buckler > PELTAE or PELTAS.
pelvis the bony cavity at the lower end of the trunk > PELVES or PELVISES.
pemphix pemphigus a somewhat rare skin disease, characterized by the development of blebs upon different part of the body. [Gk. pemphix, pustule].
penates the household gods of a Roman family. Cf. LARES.
penna a feather, esp. a large feather of the tail or wing > PENNAE.
pensum a task; a school imposition > PENSUMS.
penult penultima the last but one syllable.
penumbra partial shade > PENUMBRAE or PENUMBRAS.
peplum a flounce at the waistline of a blouse, dress, etc > PEPLUMS or PEPLA. Also (Greek) PEPLOS or PEPLUS.
perilla a genus of labiate herbs, of which one species is often cultivated for its purple or variegated foliage > PERILLAS.
peritus a theological consultant acting as an authority within the Roman Catholic church > PERITUSES or PERITI.
persona a character assumed by an author, performer, etc., in his or her writing, work, etc > PERSONAE or PERSONAS.
pertussis whooping cough > PERTUSSISES.
pessimum the most unfavourable condition (orig. esp., in the habitat of an animal or plant) > PESSIMA (not PESSIMUMS*, in contrast to OPTIMA/OPTIMUMS).
petasus the winged cap of Mercury; also, a broad-brimmed, low-crowned hat worn by Greeks and Romans. [L. f. Gk petasos]. Also PETASOS.
petechia a small red or purple spot on the skin > PETECHIAE.
petto breast, as in the phrase in petto: in one's secret thoughts > PETTI.
phallus the penis; a symbol of generation in primitive religions > PHALLI or PHALLUSES.
philtrum the vertical groove in the middle of the upper lip > PHILTRA. [Gk. philtron, love potion: the shape of one's philtrum resembles the type of small vial used to carry such a potion].
phoca a genus of seals that includes the common harbor seal > PHOCAE or PHOCAS.
phoebus a sun god; the sun > PHOEBUSES.
phylum a main division of the animal and vegetable kingdom > PHYLA.
picamar a bitter oily liquid obtained from tar. [L. pix, pitch, + amarus, bitter].
pignus property held as security for a debt > PIGNORA.
pileum the top of a bird's head > PILEA (not PILEUMS*).
pileus the umbrella-shaped portion of a mushroom > PILEI.
pilula a small pill > PILULAS. Also PILULE.
pilum a Roman javelin > PILA.
pilus a hair or hair-like structure > PILI.
pinetum a scientific collection or living coniferous trees > PINETA.
pinna a projecting feather > PINNAE or PINNAS.
pinnula one of the small divisions of a decompound frond or leaf > PINNULAE or PINNULAS. Also PINNULE.
pinxit a word appended to the artist's name or initials on a painting, or engraved copy of a painting; as, Rubens pinxit, Rubens painted (this).
piscina a basin set in wall of church to drain away ceremonial water > PISCINAE or PISCINAS.
pituita phlegm, mucus > POTUITAS. [L. pituita, gum, slime]. Also PITUITE.
placebo a harmless substance given as medicine, usually to humor a patient > PLACEBOES or PLACEBOS. [L. placebo (I shall please), from placere (to please)].
placenta a round flat spongy vascular organ to which the foetus of most mammals is attached by the umbilical cord, through which oxygen and nutrients pass from the maternal blood, and which is expelled as the afterbirth > PLACENTAS or PLACENTAE.
placet a decree or determination; a dictum. Also (more correctly) PLACIT.
placit a decree or determination; a dictum. Also (wrongly) PLACET.
placitum the decision of a court or an assembly.
plagium the crime of kidnapping > PLAGIUMS.
planta the sole of the foot > PLANTAS.
planula a free-swimming, two-layered, often flattened larva of coelenterates etc > PLANULAE.
plaudit an act of applauding; a round of applause.
plaudite an appeal for applause at the conclusion of a play or other performance.
plectrum a pick for stringed instruments. Also PLECTRON.
pleiad a group of seven illustrious persons.
plenum a space completely filled with matter > PLENA or PLENUMS.
pleura a membrane lining half of the thorax > PLEURAE or PLEURAS.
plexus a network > PLEXUSES.
plica a fold; also, a disease of the hair, in which it becomes twisted and matted together > PLICAE or PLICAS.
plumbago graphite; leadwort. [L. plumbago, from plumbum, lead].
plumbum a scientific word for lead > PLUMBUMS.
plumula a little feather or plume. Also PLUMULE.
pluripara a mother of two or more children > PLURIPARAS or PLURIPARAE. Also MULTIPARA.
pluteus a sea-urchin or brittle-star larva > PLUTEI or PLUTEUSES.
podex the rump; the anal region > PODEXES.
podium a low wall, serving as a foundation, a substructure, or a terrace wall > PODIA or PODIUMS.
pollens strong, powerful. [L. pollens, -entis, pp. of pollere, to be strong].
pollex the thumb, as in phrase pollice verso, with thumb turned down, indicating condemnation, especially to death > POLLICES.
polypus a nasal polyp > POLYPI or POLYPUSES.
pomoerium an open space around a town within the walls > POMOERIUMS.
pons bridge, as in pons asinorum, 'bridge of asses'; test of ignorant person's ability > PONTES.
pontifex a high priest; a pontiff.
pontiff a chief priest. [L. pontifex, pontificis].
porifer a member of the Porifera, the sponges. [L. porus, a pore + ferre, to bear].
porrigo a kind of scalp disease > PORRIGOS. [L porrigo, dandruff].
posse a force or body (of constables).
postbellum after a war.
postcava the inferior vena cava > POSTCAVAE.
postnati those born after a certain date. Cf. ANTENATI.
postpartum relating to the period after childbirth.
postulatum a postulate > POSTULATA.
practicum a course of practical work undertaken to implement academic studies > PRACTICUMS.
praecava precava the superior vena cava > PRAECAVAE, PRECAVAE.
praecipe precipe a writ commanding something to be done, or requiring a reason for neglecting it.
praecoces a division of birds including those whose young are able to run about when first hatched. Cf. ALTRICES.
praeludium a prelude > PRAELUDIA.
praenomen prenomen the first name of an ancient Roman > PRAENOMENS or PRAENOMINA; PRENOMENS or PRENOMINA
praepostor prepostor prepositor the name used for a prefect in some English public schools. [L. praepositus, pp. of praeponere, from prae, in front + ponere, to put].
praesidium presidium a standing committee in the former Soviet Union > PRAESIDIA or PRAESIDIUMS, PRESIDIA or PRESIDIUMS.
praetor pretor a magistrate of ancient Rome.
praxis the exercise or practice of an art, science, or skill; customary practice or conduct > PRAXES or PRAXISES.
precava the superior vena cava > PRECAVAE. Also PRAECAVA.
precipe a writ commanding something to be done, or requiring a reason for neglecting it. Also PRAECIPE.
premaxilla a bone on either side of the middle line between the nose and mouth, forming the anterior part of each half of the upper jawbone; the intermaxilla.
premium a sum regularly paid for insurance > PREMIUMS or PREMIA.
prepollex (in some animals) a rudimentary innermost finger > PREPOLLICES.
prescutum the first of the four pieces composing the dorsal part, or TERGUM, of a thoracic segment of an insect > PRESCUTA.
presidium a standing committee in the former Soviet Union > PRESIDIA or PRESIDIUMS.
prester a priest.
priapus a statue or image of the god Priapus, esp. characterized by having large genitals > PRIAPUSES or PRIAPI.
primigravida a first-born > PRIMIGRAVIDAS or PRIMAGRAVIDAE.
primipara a woman who bears a child for the first time > PRIMIPARAE or PRIMIPARAS.
primitiae primitias the first year's revenue of a benefice.
primordium the first recognizable, histologically differentiated stage in the development of an organ > PRIMORDIA.
primus a presiding bishop in the Scottish Episcopal church > PRIMUSES (but PRIMI is valid as plural of PRIMO).
principium a first principle; fundamental beginning; as Newton's Principia > PRINCIPIA.
proditor a traitor.
prolapsus a prolapse, a falling down of an organ.
propositus an individual to whom the family relationships of others are reckoned; spec. (a) Med. the first member of a family to be investigated by a researcher; (b) Law a testator when making a will.
proseucha a place of prayer, an oratory > PROSEUCHAE. Also PROSEUCHE.
proseuche a place of prayer, an oratory > PROSEUCHAE. Also PROSEUCHA.
prosit prost a toast to good health.
proteus the OLM, a blind, cave-dwelling amphibian > PROTEI or PROTEUSES.
proviso a clause in a legal or formal document, making some condition, stipulation, exception, or limitation > PROVISOES or PROVISOS.
proximo of next month. [L. proximo (mense) next (month)].
pruina a powdery bloom or waxy secretion. [L. pruina, hoar-frost].
prunus a genus of tree including plum. [L. prunus, plum-tree].
prurigo a chronic skin condition characterized by itching and the presence of small pale pimples > PRURIGOS. [L. prurigo from prurire, to itch].
pruritus itching of the skin > PRURITUSES.
psalterium the third stomach of ruminants > PSALTERIA.
psora a cutaneous disease; especially, the itch.
psylla any leaping plant louse of the genus Psylla, or family Psyllidae. [L. from Gk. psulla, flea].
psyllium the seed of a fleawort > PSYLLIUMS.
pteryla one of the definite areas of the skin of a bird on which feathers grow; -- contrasted with APTERIA > PTERYLAE.
pubis the lower part of the abdomen at the front of the pelvis, which becomes covered with hair from the time of puberty > PUBISES or PUBES.
pudendum the external female reproductive organs > PUDENDA.
pudor a sense of shame.
puerpera a woman who has recently given birth: PUERPERAE.
puerperium the condition immediately following childbirth > PUERPERIA.
pugil a small handful, a pinch. [L. pugillus, a handful].
pulmo a lung > PULMONES.
pulpitum a gigantic stone screen separating cathedral choir from the nave.
pulvillus one of the minute cushions on the feet of certain insects.
pulvinus a swelling at the base of a stalk or leaf or leaflet, sometimes glandular or responsive to touch; hence PULVINATE > PULVINI.
punctum a point or dot; a minute aperture > PUNCTA.
pupa in metamorphosing insects, a stage between the larva and adult during which the organism undergoes major developmental changes > PUPAE or PUPAS.
puparium the last larval skin of the pupa > PUPARIA.
purpura an eruption of small purple spots, caused by extravasation of blood. [L. purpura, from Gk. porphyra, purple fish].
putamen a fruit stone; a membrane lining an eggshell > PUTAMINA.
pygarg chiefly in biblical translations: a kind of antelope, perhaps an ibex. [L pygargus f. Gk pugargos white-rump].
pylorus the opening from the stomach into the intestine > PYLORI or PYLORUSES.
pyralid pyralis a kind of moth. [Gk. pyralis, from pyr, fire].
pyrexia fever. [Gk. pyrexis, from pyressein to be feverish, from pyr, fire].
pyrites either of the two common forms of iron disulphide, pyrite and marcasite (also iron pyrites). [Gk. pyrites, striking fire, from pyr, fire].
pyrola any plant of the wintergreen genus. [Dim. of pyrus, pear, from the shape of the leaves].
pyrope pyropus a variety of garnet, used as a gemstone. [Gk. pyropos fiery-eyed, from pyr, fire + ops, opos, eye, face].
pyrosis cardialgia, heartburn > PYROSES or PYROSISES.
pyrrhic a Greek metrical foot consisting of two short syllables. [Gk. pyrriche (orchesis) pyrrhic dance, said to be from Pyrrichos, the inventor].
pyxis a little box for jewels > PYXIDES.
qua in the capacity of.
quadrans a fourth part of the coin called an AS > QUADRANTES.
quadrennium a period of four years > QUADRENNIA or QUADRENNIUMS. Also QUADRIENNIUM.
quadriennium a period of four years > QUADRIENNIA. Also QUADRENNIUM.
quadriga a two-wheeled carriage drawn by four horses > QUADRIGAE.
quadrivium a higher division of seven liberal arts studied in Middle Ages: arithmetic, music, astronomy, geometry > QUADRIVIA.
quaere a query, question; (verb) to query.
quaeritur the question is asked.
quaesitum something sought for; the true value > QUAESITUMS.
quaestor an ancient Roman public treasurer or assistant military commander. Also QUESTOR.
quale a thing having quality; sensation considered in virtue of its own quality alone; quality having independent existence > QUALIA.
quantum quantity, amount; a minimum quantity > QUANTA.
quartan a fever recurring every third day. [L. quartanus, of the fourth].
quasi as if; seemingly; in a manner.
quercetum a plantation of oak trees > QUERCETUMS.
questor an ancient Roman public treasurer or assistant military commander. Also QUAESTOR.
quidam a certain person; somebody.
quidnunc an inquisitive person. [Lat. 'what now?].
quietus a final stroke that settles something; death; a release from a duty or debt > QUIETUSES. [Abbrev. of ML. quietus est lit. 'he is quit'].
quincunx the pattern of five objects arranged such that four of the five objects form a square, while the fifth is positioned in the middle. Originally a Roman coin, 5/12 of an AS.
quoad as far as.
quodlibet a philosophical or theological point proposed for disputation; a whimsical combination of familiar melodies or texts. [Lat. 'what you please'].
quomodo a means or manner > QUOMODOS.
quondam former, erstwhile.
quorum a minimum number of persons necessary for some business > QUORUMS (not QUORA!).
quota a proportional share, a part assigned.
quotum a part or proportion; a quota > QUOTUMS.
rabies an infectious viral disease. [L. rabere, to be mad].
rachilla rhachilla the axis of a grass spikelet > RACHILLAE or RACHILLAS; RHACHILLAS.
rachis the spine or axis of a feather > RACHISES or RACHIDES. Also RHACHIS.
radiale the bone or cartilage of the carpus which articulates with the radius and corresponds to the SCAPHOID bone in man > RADIALIA.
radius the shorter and thicker of the two arm bones > RADII or RADIUSES.
radix a root; a root-number or numerical base; a root word or stem > RADICES or RADIXES.
radula a mollusc's tongue, that is studded with tiny teeth > RADULAE or RADULAS.
ramentum thin brownish chaffy scales upon the leaves or young shoots of some plants, especially upon the petioles and leaves of ferns > RAMENTA.
ramulus a small branch > RAMULI.
ramus a branch of anything > RAMI.
ranarium a place for rearing frogs > RANARIUMS.
ranula a cyst formed under the tongue by obstruction of the duct of the submaxillary gland > RANULAS.
raphe a seam-like junction > RAPHES or RAPHAE. Also RHAPHE.
rastrum a music-pen > RASTRUMS.
ratio the relation of one thing to another of which the quotient is the measure.
realia real things; objects used as teaching aids to relate classroom work to real life.
rebus a picture puzzle representing a word. [L. rebus by things, ablative plural of res, thing].
recto a right-hand page; the front of a printed or manuscript page > RECTOS.
rectrix the quill feathers of a bird's tail > RECTRICES.
rectum the last part of the large intestine, leading to the anus > RECTA or RECTUMS.
rectus any one of several straight muscles in the body > RECTI.
reddendum a reserving clause in a lease > REDDENDA.
redia a trematode (fluke) in the larval stage developed from a sporocyst in the main intermediate host, and in turn forming a number of CERCARIAE > REDIAE or REDIAS.
redivivus living again; revived.
redux brought back, revived, restored.
referendum the process or principle of referring an important political question to the nation as a whole > REFERENDA or REFERENDUMS.
refugium an area that has retained earlier geographic conditions > REFUGIA.
regalia royal accoutrements.
regimen rule, governance. [L. regere, to rule].
regina queen > REGINAS or REGINAE.
regius royal, as in regius professor, one holding a professorship founded by royalty.
regnum reign, dominion > REGNA.
regula the rule of a religious order; in architecture, a fillet below a TRIPTYCH > REGULAE.
regulus impure metal; an intermediate product in ore smelting > REGULI or REGULUSES.
reliquiae remains, esp. fossil. N.B. there is no singular RELIQUIA.
remanet a postponed case or parliamentary bill.
remex one of the large feathers of a bird's wing > REMIGES.
remora the sucking-fish, previously believed to delay ships by attaching itself; any delay or obstacle. [L. delay, hindrance].
replum a framework consisting of the placentae and the septum extending between them, found in certain fruits, esp. the siliquae and siliculae of cruciferous plants, in which the valves fall away by dehiscence > REPLA.
requiem a lament or mass for the dead.
reseda a flower, mignonette.
residuum a residue > RESIDUA or RESIDUUMS.
resinata a Greek white wine. [L. resinata, resined].
responsum in rabbinical literature, a written response to a question of doctrine > RESPONSA or RESPONSUMS.
retiarius a gladiator armed with a net > RETIARII.
reticulum the second stomach of ruminants, in which folds of the mucous membrane form hexagonal cells > RETICULA or RETICULUMS.
retina the light-sensitive layer which lines much of the inside of the eyeball, in which nerve impulses are triggered and pass via the optic nerve to the brain where a visual image is formed > RETINAE or RETINAS.
retinula a pigmented cell in some arthropod compound eyes, from which the RHABDOM arises > RETINULAE or RETINULAS.
rex 1) an animal with a single layer of hair: pl. REXES. 2) a king: pl. REGES.
rhetor a rhetorician.
rhexis rupture of a blood-vessel > RHEXES or RHEXISES.
rhizopus common bread mold > RHIZOPI or RHIZOPUSES.
rhombus an equilateral parallelogram > RHOMBI or RHOMBUSES. Also RHOMB.
rhonchus a whistling or snoring sound heard when the air channels are partially obstructed > RHONCHI.
rhus a genus of shrubs and small trees > RHUSES.
rhythmus regularity in the beat of a pulse.
ricinus a genus of plants of the Spurge family, containing one species, the castor-oil plant.
rictus a gaping mouth; an orifice > RICTUSES.
rima in full rima glottidis: the passage in the glottis between the vocal cords > RIMAE.
risus a laugh; a grin > RISUSES.
rosacea a condition in which a person has a large red nose. [L. fem. of rosaceus, rose-coloured].
rosarium a rose garden > ROSARIA or ROSARIUMS.
rostellum the protruding forepart of the head of a tapeworm, armed with hooklets or spines > ROSTELLUMS or ROSTELLA.
rostrum a spike on prow of warship for ramming > ROSTRUMS or ROSTRA.
rosula a leaf-rosette > ROSULAS.
rota a roster; a tribunal in the Roman Catholic church.
rotifer a microscopic, multicellular, fresh-water creature with rotating cilia at one end. [L. rota, a wheel + ferre, to carry].
rotula the kneecap > ROTULAS.
rubella German measles.
rubeola the measles. [L. rubeus, red].
rubicon the winning of a game in piquet before one's opponent scores; (verb) to win in this way. [L. Rubico, a stream in Italy].
rubigo red iron oxide > RUBIGOS. [L. rubigo, rust].
rubus a genus of rosaceous plants, including the raspberry and blackberry > RUBUSES.
ruga an anatomical fold or wrinkle > RUGAE.
rugosa a type of rose.
rumen the first of the four stomachs of a ruminant > RUMENS or RUMINA.
ruscus any plant of the genus Ruscus, that includes butcher's broom.
sabella a genus of tubicolous annelids having a circle of plumose gills around the head > SABELLAS. [L. sabulum, sand].
saburra granular matter deposited in the body. [L. saburra, sand].
sacculus a little sac; esp. a part of the membranous labyrinth of the ear > SACCULI.
sacellum an unroofed space consecrated to a divinity > SACELLA.
sacrarium the sanctuary or sacristy (room housing sacred vessels) of a church; a piscina (stone basin for ablutions) > SACRARIA or SACRARIUMS.
sacrum that part of the vertebral column which is directly connected with, or forms a part of, the pelvis > SACRA or SACRUMS.
saeculum an astronomical or geological age > SAECULUMS or SAECULA.
sagitta a keystone; a versed sign of an arc > SAGITTAS.
sagum the military cloak of the Roman soldiers > SAGA.
salicetum a thicket or plantation of willows > SALICETUMS or SALICETA.
salix a genus of trees or shrubs including the willow, osier, and the like, growing usually in wet grounds > SALICES.
salpa a genus of transparent, tubular, free-swimming oceanic tunicates found abundantly in all the warmer latitudes > SALPAE or SALPAS. Also SALP.
saltus a breach of continuity; a jump to a conclusion > SALTUSES.
salve a greeting to one person
salvete a greeting, = SALVE but to more than one person.
samara a propeller-like winged fruit, as of ash; key fruit > SAMARAS. [L. samara, seed of the elm].
sambuca sambuke an ancient triangular stringed instrument.
sanctum a sacred place; a very private room > SANCTA or SANCTUMS.
sandarac sandarach the resin of a tropical tree, powdered to form pounce and used in making varnish. [L. sandaraca, from Gk. sandarake, -che].
sanies watery foul discharge from wounds or sores > SANIES.
sanitarium a health station or retreat; a sanatorium > SANITARIA or SANITARIUMS.
saphena one of the two main superficial veins of the leg > SAPHENAE or SAPHENAS.
sapiens pertaining to recent man.
sardius a precious stone, probably a carnelian, one of which was set in Aaron's breastplate > SARDIUSES.
sargassum a genus of algae including the gulf weed.
sarmentum a long whiplike runner, leafless except at the tip > SARMENTA. Also SARMENT.
sartor a tailor.
sartorius the muscle which bends the knee > SARTORII or SARTORIUSES.
scabies a contagious skin infection caused by an itch mite. [L. scabies, from scabere, to scratch].
scabiosa scabious any wild flower of genus Scabiosa. [L. scabiosus, from scabies, the itch].
scala a machine formerly employed for reducing dislocations of the humerus > SCALAE.
scalare a kind of tropical fish. [L. scalaris, referring to the barred pattern on its body].
scalenus one of the paired muscles in the neck > SCALENI.
scalprum a surgeon's rasping instrument > SCALPRUMS.
scapula the shoulder-blade > SCAPULAS or SCAPULAE.
scapus the shaft of a column or feather > SCAPI.
scilicet to wit; namely.
scilla any plant of the squill genus > SCILLAS. [L. scilla, sea onion].
scintilla a spark; an atom > SCINTILLAE or SCINTILLAS.
sciolus a superficial show of learning. [L. sciolus, dim. of scius knowing, from scire, to know].
scirrhus an indurated organ or part; especially, an indurated gland > SCIRRHI or SCIRRHUSES.
sclera the outer membrane of the eyeball > SCLERAE or SCLERAS.
scopa a brush-like tuft on back legs or abdomen of bees > SCOPAE.
scopula a brush-like tuft of hairs on legs of some spiders > SCOPULAE or SCOPULAS.
scoria dross or slag from metal-smelting; a slag-like mass of lava > SCORIAE.
scotia a concave molding used especially in classical architecture > SCOTIAS.
scriptorium a writing room, especially of scribes in medieval monastery > SCRIPTORIA.
scrofula tuberculosis of the lymph nodes, esp. in the neck, giving rise to abscesses. [L. scrofulae, from scrofa, a sow (supposed to be prone to it)].
scrotum the bag of skin that contains the testicles > SCROTA or SCROTUMS.
sculpsit he or she sculptured this work, appended to the signature of a sculptor.
scutella a small SCUTE, a hard exoskeletal plate > SCUTELLAE.
scutellum a rounded APOTHECIUM having an elevated rim formed of the proper thallus, the fructification of certain lichens > SCUTELLA.
scutiger a squire. [L. scutum, shield].
scutum a hard exoskeletal plate > SCUTA. Also SCUTE.
scybalum a lump or mass of hard faeces in the intestine > SCYBALA.
scyphus a drinking vessel used in ancient Greece > SCYPHI. Also SKYPHOS.
sebum the fatty secretion that lubricates the hair and skin >SEBUMS. [L. sebum, suet, grease].
secreta secreted matter; products of secretion. This is a plural — no —S hook.
seculum an astronomical or geological age > SECULUMS or SECULA.
secundum according to.
sedent seated.
sederunt a prolonged sitting (as for discussion) > SEDERUNTS.
sedes a seat > SEDES.
sedile a kind of seat in a church, usu. in pl. SEDILIA. Also SEDILIUM.
sedilium a kind of seat in a church, usu. in pl. SEDILIA. Also SEDILE.
sedum a genus of plants, mostly perennial, having succulent leaves and cymose flowers. [L. sedum, house-leek].
sella a saddle-shaped area in the sphenoid bone enclosing the pituitary gland > SELLAE or SELLAS.
semen seed > SEMENS or SEMINA.
semester a period of six months; especially, a term in a college or university which divides the year into two terms. [L. semestris, from sex, six + mensis, a month].
semis a coin of ancient Rome > SEMISES. [L. semis].
semper always.
semuncia a Roman coin equivalent to one twenty-fourth part of a Roman pound > SEMUNCIAE or SEMUNCIAS.
senarius a Greek or Latin verse containing six iambic feet per line > SENARII.
senator a member of a governing body or parliament, spec. of the federal senate in the US.
sensilla a simple sensory receptor in invertebrates, esp. arthropods, consisting of a modified cell or small group of cells of the cuticle or epidermis, often hair- or rod-shaped > SENSILLAE. Also SENSILLUM.
sensillum a simple sensory receptor in invertebrates, esp. arthropods, consisting of a modified cell or small group of cells of the cuticle or epidermis, often hair- or rod-shaped > SENSILLA. Also SENSILLA.
sensum a sense datum > SENSA.
sententia an aphorism; an opinion > SENTENTIAE.
separatum a separate offprint > SEPARATA or SEPARATUMS.
sepiment a hedge, fence, barrier. [L. saepimentum, a hedge].
septemvir one of a board of seven men associated in some office > SEPTEMVIRS or SEPTEMVIRI.
septum a partition which divides up a region, such as the septum in your nose > SEPTUMS or SEPTA.
sequela a pathological condition resulting from a previous disease or injury > SEQUELAE. [L. sequela, sequel].
sequestrum a portion of dead bone which becomes separated from the sound portion, as in necrosis > SEQUESTRA or SEQUESTRUMS.
sequitur something that follows logically.
seriatim one after another; in a series.
serosa a serous membrane > SEROSAE or SEROSAS.
serotine a kind of bat. [L. serotinus, from serus, late].
serpigo sapego suppeago a dry, scaly eruption on the skin; especially, a ringworm > SERPIGOES, SUPPEAGOES, SAPEGOES.
serra a serrated organ, structure, or edge; in pl., the teeth of a serrated edge > SERRAE or SERRAS.
serratus a muscle of the thorax > SERRATI.
serum a watery liquid, esp. that which separates from coagulating blood > SERUMS or SERA. [L. serum, whey].
sesterce sestertius a Roman coin or denomination of money, in value the fourth part of a DENARIUS: SESTERCES, SESTERTII.
sestertium sestertius a Roman money of account equal to 1000 sesterces > SESTERTIA.
seta a bristle; any bristle-like organ > SETAE.
sextans a Roman coin, the sixth part of an as > SEXTANSES.
sextarius an ancient Roman unit of liquid measure > SEXTARII or SEXTARIUSES.
shigella a rod-shaped bacterium that causes bacillary dysentery > SHIGELLAE or SHIGELLAS.
sigla (a list of) abbreviations, symbols, etc. denoting words. N.B. there is no singular SIGLUM.
silenus a satyr-like woodland god; attendant of Bacchus; tipsy person > SILENI. Also SILEN.
silex finely ground TRIPOLI used as a paint filler. [L. silex, flint].
silicula a seed vessel resembling a SILIQUE, but about as broad as it is long > SILICULAE or SILICULAS. Also SILICLE, SILICULE.
siliqua silique a type of dry fruit consisting of a long pod of two carpels divided by a partition > SILIQUAS or SILIQUAE. Also SILIQUE.
silurid any member of a genus of fishes including catfishes. [L. silurus].
silva the assemblage of trees in a region > SILVAS or SILVAE.
simplex a geometrical term, a figure with a minimum number of vertices > SIMPLICES or SIMPLEXES.
simplicia a geometrical term, a figure with a minimum number of vertices. No —S hook.
simpliciter simply, unconidtionally.
simulacrum a likeness; a semblance; -- now usually in a derogatory sense > SIMULACRA or SIMULACRUMS. Also SIMULACRE.
sinciput the forehead > SINCIPUTS or SINCIPITA.
singultus hiccuping.
sinister literally, left-handed; hence, of ill omen.
sinopia sinopis a reddish-brown pigment used for one of the preparatory drawings of a fresco, obtained from SINOPITE, an iron ore.
sinus a cavity, especially of the skull bone > SINUSES.
sistrum a kind of rattle, consisting of a wooden or metal frame fitted with loose strips of metal and disks which jingled when moved > SISTRA or SISTRUMS.
situla a vessel resembling a bucket in shape > SITULAE.
situs the place to which for purposes of legal jurisdiction or taxation a property belongs > SITUSES.
smegma the matter secreted by any of the sebaceous glands > SMEGMAS. [L. from Gk. smegma, soap].
smilax a genus of perennial climbing plants, usually with a prickly woody stem.
solanum a genus of plants including the potato and the eggplant. [L. solanum, nightshade].
solarium a sun-room > SOLARIA.
solatium in law, compensation for disappointment, inconvenience, wounded feelings > SOLATIA.
soleus a broad flat muscle in the calf of the leg, that flexes the foot > SOLEI or SOLEUSES.
solidum a large moulding along the base of a pedestal > SOLIDUMS.
solidus a stroke, oblique or slash "/" > SOLIDI.
solpugid a type of venomous arachnid. [L. solpuga, salpuga, solipuga, solipugna, a venomous animal supposedly the same, a word originating in Spain].
solum the surface layer of soil in which topsoil formation occurs > SOLUMS.
solus a poster or advertisement appearing in isolation from any others > SOLUSES.
sorbus any plant of a large genus of deciduous trees, including the service tree and rowan > SORBUSES. [L. sorbus, service-tree].
sordor filth, refuse.
soredium a small vegetative reproduction body in lichen > SOREDIA.
sorex any shrew of the genus Sorex > SOREXES. [L. sorex, shrew].
sortes divination by chance opening of the Bible, Homer, Virgil etc. [L > sors, luck, chance].
sorus a cluster of SPORANGIA > SORI.
spadix a flower-spike covered by large leaf, as of arum plant > SPADICES or SPADIXES.
spado a castrated or impotent person or animal > SPADOES or SPADOS.
spatula a broad, blunt, flexible blade or flattened spoon > SPATULAS.
specie coined money. [L, abl. sing. of SPECIES. Orig. in phr. in specie].
species a population of individuals which share the same gene pool and which is unable to interbreed with closely related populations to produce viable offspring.
spectrum any range of radiations in order of wavelength > SPECTRUMS or SPECTRA.
speculum a mirror; a reflector; a coloured patch on a bird's wing > SPECULA or SPECULUMS.
spica a kind of bandage passing, by successive turns and crosses, from an extremity to the trunk; -- so called from its resemblance to a spike of a barley > SPICAE or SPICAS.
spicula a small spike; a small spiky body in sponges and similar creatures > SPICULAE.
spiculum a little spine; a SPICULA, a snail's dart > SPICULA.
spina spine, as in spina bifida, a congenital malformation > SPINAE or SPINAS.
spinifex a sharp-pointed Australian grass. [L. spina, spine + the root of facere, to make].
spinula a small spine > SPINULAE. Also SPINULE.
spiritus spirit; a breathing. [L. spiritus, a breath, from spirare, to breathe].
spirula a genus of cephalopods having a multilocular, internal, siphunculated shell in the form of a flat spiral, the coils of which are not in contact > SPIRULAE or SPIRULAS.
splenium a surgical bandage > SPLENIA or SPLENIUMS.
splenius a muscle of the neck > SPLENII.
spondee in verse, a foot of two long syllables. [L. spondeus (pes), from Gk. spondeios (pous) (a foot) used in the slow solemn hymns sung at a sponde or drink-offering, from spendein to pour out, make a libation].
spondyl a vertebra; a thorny oyster. [Gk. sp(h)ondylos, a vertebra].
spuriae in birds, feathers of the bastard wing. N.B. there is no singular SPURIA.
sputum thick mucus coughed up from the respiratory tract esp. in certain diseases of the lungs, chest, or throat > SPUTA.
squama a scale > SQUAMAE. Also SQUAME.
squilla a mantis shrimp of genus Squilla > SQUILLAE or SQUILLAS.
stamen the male part of the flower, made up of a pollen-producing anther on a stalk > STAMENS or STAMINA.
stamina sustained energy, staying power > STAMINAS. [L > stamen, warp].
stannum the technical name of tin.
stapes the stirrup-shaped bone of the ear > STAPEDES. [LL. stapes, a stirrup].
statice sea lavender. [L. statice, thrift, from Gk. statike].
statim immediately; at once.
stellion an E. Mediterranean lizard with starry spots. [L. stellio, -on- from stella, star].
sternum the breastbone > STERNA.
stertor a heavy snoring sound, as that accompanying breathing in a deeply unconscious person.
stet a direction meaning 'let it stand' i.e. restore after marking for deletion.
stibium antimony.
stigma the tip of the female part of the flower which receives pollen > STIGMAS or STIGMATA.
stimulus an agency or influence that rouses or spurs something or someone to action or quickens an activity or process > STIMULI.
stipa any grass of the feather grass genus Stipa. [L. stipa, tow].
stipes a stalk, esp. of the fruiting body of a fungus > STIPITES.
stirps a branch of a family; pedigree > STIRPES. [L.stirps, stock, stem].
stolon a runner or shoot from the base of a plant. [L. stolo, stolonis].
storax any of several fragrant resinous exudations from certain trees such as the STYRAX and LIQUIDAMBAR.
strata a layer, a stratum. (Plural erroneously taken as singular).
stratum a layer of sedimentary rock > STRATA or STRATUMS.
stratus a low-lying cloud resembling a horizontal fog bank > STRATI or STRATUSES.
strepent noisy. [L. strepere, to make a noise].
stria a fine streak; a furrow > STRIAE.
striatum the corpus striatum, the great ganglion of the forebrain > STRIATA or STRIATUMS.
stridor a harsh shrill sound.
striga the flute of a column > STRIGAE.
strigil an instrument used by ancient Romans/Greeks for scraping the skin esp. after the bath. [L. strigilus].
strobila a stack of immature larval jellyfish formed on a SCYPHISTOMA by budding > STROBILAE.
strombus (the shell of) any of various marine gastropods of the family Strombidae; a conch > STROMBUSES.
strongyl strongyle a blunt RHABDUS; a parasitic threadworm. [Gk. strongylos, round].
struma scrofula or a scrofulous tumour > STRUMAE or STRUMAS.
stylus an instrument for writing > STYLI or STYLUSES.
suber the bark of the cork tree. [L. suber, cork].
subfusc subfusk darkish-brown; (noun) academic dress of this colour, esp. at Oxford.
subpena a writ commanding attendance (e.g. of a witness); (verb) to compel appearance in court by such a writ > SUBPENAS. Also SUBPOENA.
subphylum the taxonomic division below a PHYLUM > SUBPHYLA or SUBPHYLUMS.
subpoena a writ commanding attendance (e.g. of a witness); (verb) to command a witness to attend > SUBPOENAS. Also SUBPENA.
subsultus a convulsive or twitching movement. [L. subsultare, to jump, hop, from sub up, and salire, to leap].
subucula in the early English church, a kind of cassock worn under the alb > SUBUCULAS.
succise appearing to have the lower part cut off. [L. succisus, cut below].
succuba a female demon or fiend > SUCCUBAE or SUCCUBAS.
succubus a demon assuming female form to have intercourse with men in their sleep > SUCCUBUSES or SUCCUBI.
succus juice, any fluid secretion from a plant or animal > SUCCUS.
sudamen a whitish vesicle due to the retention of sweat in the sweat ducts or under the skin > SUDAMINA or SUDAMENS.
sudarium a cloth for wiping away sweat > SUDARIA.
sudatorium a sweat room in a bath > SUDATORIA or SUDATORIUMS.
sudor sweat.
suffect (of a Roman consul) elected during the official year. [L. suffectus, pp. of sufficere, to substitute].
suffete one of the chief administrative officials of ancient Carthage. [L. sufes, -etis, from a Punic word].
sui of himself, itself.
sulcus a groove or furrow in a body, organ, or tissue, esp. one between two convolutions of the brain > SULCI.
summa a comprehensive treatise > SUMMAE or SUMMAS.
sumpsimus a correct expression that replaces a popular but wrong one > SUMPSIMUSES.
suovetaurilia a Roman sacrifice of a sheep, pig or ox.
supernova a star whose brightness increases suddenly like a nova but to a very much greater degree, as a result of an explosion that disperses most of its material > SUPERNOVAE or SUPERNOVAS.
supra above; as earlier referred to.
surculus a sucker > SURCULI or SURCULUSES.
susurrus a whispering sound.
sutor a cobbler.
syllabus a prescribed course of study > SYLLABUSES or SYLLABI.
sylva the trees of a region; a treatise on trees > SYLVAE or SYLVAS.
symposium a conference; a collection of views on one topic > SYMPOSIUMS or SYMPOSIA.
synura any of a genus of protozoa > SYNURAE.
tabanid a kind of blood-sucking insect. [L. tabanus, gadfly].
tabellion an official SCRIVENER in the Roman empire and elsewhere.
tabes wasting away.
tabula a table; a tablet > TABULAE.
tacet it is silent; -- a direction for a vocal or instrumental part to be silent during a whole movement.
taedium boredom > TAEDIUMS. Also TEDIUM.
taenia a narrow band or hair-ribbon worn in Greece > TAENIAE or TAENIAS.
tagetes a garden flower. [L. Tages, an Etruscan god].
talaria small wings or winged shoes represented as fastened to the ankles, chiefly used as an attribute of Mercury or Hermes. This is a plural — no —S hook.
talea a recurring rhythmic pattern in mediaeval motets > TALEAE.
talio a punishment identical to the crime e.g. death sentence for murder. [L. talio].
talipes club foot. [L. talis ankle + pes, foot].
talpa a mole or similar mark on the body > TALPAE or TALPAS.
talus rock detritus or debris at the base of a slope > TALI or TALUSES.
tandem a two-seated carriage with horses harnessed in series. [L. tandem, at length].
tapetum a reflective layer of the choroid in the eyes of many animals, causing them to shine in the dark > TAPETA or TAPETUMS.
tarsus the part of the leg between the knee and the foot > TARSI.
taxus an evergreen shrub > TAXUS.
tectrix one of the coverts (feathers covering the main feathers) of a bird's wing > TECTRICES. [L. tectrix, fem. of tector, a coverer, plasterer].
tectum a roof-like body structure, esp. the dorsal part of the midbrain > TECTA.
tedium boredom > TEDIUMS. Also TAEDIUM.
tegmen the inner covering of a seed > TEGMINA. [L. tegmen, covering]. Also TEGUMEN.
tegmentum a bud-scale > TEGMENTA.
tegula a tile > TEGULAE.
tegumen the inner covering of a seed > TEGUMINA. Also TEGMEN.
tela a web-like structure > TELAE.
tellus the earth, esp. personified as a goddess > TELLUSES.
tempore in the time of.
tenaculum a surgical hook or forceps > TENACULA or TENACULUMS. [L. tenaculum, pincers].
tenebrae matins and lauds of the following day sung on the Wednesday, Thursday and Friday of Holy Week - candles are extinguished one by one at the end of each psalm with the final psalm being sung in darkness. This is a plural — no-S hook.
tenebrio a night spirit, a night prowler.
tenendum a clause in a deed defining land tenure. [L. neuter of tenendus, gerundive of tenere, to hold].
tenet a principle, belief, or doctrine generally held to be true. [L. tenere, to hold].
tenia a ribbon or fillet > TENIAE or TENIAS. Also TAENIA.
tentigo priapism; morbid lasciviousness. [L. tentigo, from tendere to stretch].
tentorium a fold of the dura mater which separates the cerebellum from the cerebrum and often incloses a process or plate of the skull called the bony tentorium > TENTORIA or TENTORIUMS.
tenuis an unaspirated voiceless stop consonant, such as k, p or t > TENUES.
tepidarium a warm room between the hot and cold rooms of a Roman bath > TEPIDARIA.
terebra a genus of marine gastropods having a long, tapering spire > TEREBRAE or TEREBRAS.
teredo a genus of long, slender, wormlike bivalve mollusks which bore into submerged wood, aka SHIPWORM > TEREDOS or TEREDINES.
teres either of two muscles of the shoulder-blade > TERETES or TERESES. [L. teres, smooth].
terete smooth-surfaced, cylindrical, and tapering at the ends. [L. teres, smooth].
tergum an insect's upper or dorsal surface, esp. of a body segment > TERGA.
terminus an end > TERMINI or TERMINUSES.
termitarium a termite nest > TERMITARIA or TERMITARIUMS.
terra the earth > TERRAE or TERRAS.
terrarium an enclosure for small land animals; a glass container for growing plants > TERRARIA or TERRARIUMS.
tersanctus the hymn beginning Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus, which forms the conclusion of the Eucharistic preface > TERSANCTUSES.
tertium an unknown thrid thing. No plural.
tertius third; (noun) a third person > TERTIUSES.
tessella a small TESSERA, a square block of marble, glass, tile, etc., used in mosaic > TESSELLAE.
tessera a small square block of marble, glass, tile, etc., used in mosaic > TESSERAE.
testa the hard external covering of a seed > TESTAE.
testamur a certificate of having passed an examination.
testatum one of the clauses of an English deed > TESTATUMS.
teste on the authority or testimony of (a specified person). [Ablative of L. testis, witness].
testis a testicle > TESTES. [L. testis, witness (i.e. to virility)].
testudo a wheeled shelter used in assaults for protection from above attacks > TESTUDOS or TESTUDINES. [L. testudo, tortoise].
tetanus an acute infectious disease characterized by tonic rigidity and violent spasms of some or all of the voluntary muscles, caused by infection with the bacterium Clostridium tetani; aka LOCKJAW > TETANUSES.
thalamus a mass of nervous matter on either side of the third ventricle of the brain > THALAMI.
thallus a plant body not differentiated into leaf, stem and root > THALLI or THALLUSES.
theca a receptacle, a sheath, a cell > THECAE.
thermae hot springs or baths, esp. in ancient Rome. N.B. there is no singular THERMA.
thesaurus a storehouse of knowledge; a dictionary of synonyms > THESAURI or THESAURUSES.
tholus a round building; dome; cupola > THOLI. Also (Greek) THOLOS.
thorax in insects, the second body region, between the head and thorax, where the legs and wings are attached > THORACES or THORAXES.
thrombus a blood clot > THROMBI.
thymus a ductless gland in the neck, producing white blood cells > THYMI or THYMUSES.
tibia the part of the leg above the knee > TIBIAS or TIBIAE.
timpanum tympanum the space between an arch and the lintel of a portal > TIMPANA or TIMPANUMS; TYMPANA or TYMPANUMS.
tinea a name applied to various skin diseases, especially ringworm. [L. tinea, moth, bookworm].
tinnitus a sensation of noise (as a ringing or roaring) that is purely subjective > TINNITUSES.
tipula a crane-fly > TIPULAS. [L. tippula water-spider, water-bug].
tiro tyro a novice or beginner > TIROS or TIROES; TYROS, TYROES or TYRONES.
toga a Roman garment > TOGAS or TOGAE. Also TOGE.
tomentum the closely matted hair or downy nap covering the leaves or stems of some plants > TOMENTA.
tomium the cutting edge of a bird's bill > TOMIA.
tonsor a barber.
tonus the normal elasticity of a healthy muscle at rest > TONUSES. Also TONICITY.
tophus a gouty deposit > TOPHI.
tormentum an ancient catapult-like war machine > TORMENTA or TORMENTUMS.
tormina acute, colicky pains; gripes. No —S.
torpor lethargy.
torula a yeast-like micro-organism > TORULAE or TORULAS.
torulus the socket of an insect's antenna > TORULI.
torus a rounded swelling; the lowest moulding of a column > TORI or TORUSES.
trachea an internal tube through which air is taken for respiration > TRACHEAS or TRACHEAE.
tractus an anthem of verses of Scripture formerly sung or recited instead of the alleluia in the Mass on certain penitential days and at requiems.
tragus the little flap of cartilage that projects over the hole in one's ear > TRAGI. [Gr. tragos, goat, because of the way that the hairs that grow there often resemble a billy-goat's whiskers].
transenna a screen enclosing a shrine. [L. transenna, trellis].
transeunt having an external effect, beyond the mind.
transire a ship's customs warrant for clearing goods. [L. transire].
transit to pass across or through (something); to traverse. [L. transitus, going across].
trapezium a quadrilateral with two parallel sides > TRAPEZIA or TRAPEZIUMS.
trapezius either of two, flat large muscles running from the base of the occiput to the middle of the back > TRAPEZIUSES or TRAPEZII.
triceps a muscle of the arm > TRICEPSES.
trichina a small, slender nematoid worm which, in the larval state, is parasitic, often in immense numbers, in the voluntary muscles of man, the hog, and many other animals > TRICHINAE or TRICHINAS.
triclinium a couch for reclining at meals, extending round three sides of a table, and usually in three parts > TRICLINIA.
tridominium threefold rule > TRIDOMINIA.
triduum a period of three days of prayer preceding Roman Catholic feasts > TRIDUUMS (not TRIDUA*).
triennium a period of three years > TRIENNIA or TRIENNIUMS.
triens a coin of ancient Rome > TRIENTES.
trifolium any leguminous plant of the large genus Trifolium, characterized by trifoliate leaves; a clover, a trefoil > TRIFOLIUMS.
triones the seven stars of the Plough. [L. triones plough-oxen]. N.B. There is no singular TRIONE*.
tripudium an ancient Roman religious dance in triple time > TRIPUDIA or TRIPUDIUMS.
triquetra a symmetrical triangular ornament formed of three interlaced arcs or lobes.
trireme an ancient galley having three banks of oars. [L. triremis, from remus, an oar].
trismus a tetanic spasm of the muscles of the jaw, aka LOCKJAW > TRISMUSES. [L. from Gk. trismos a creaking, grating, from trizein to grate, gnash].
triticum a genus of grasses including the various species of wheat. [L. triticum, wheat].
triumvir a member of a TRIUMVIRATE, a ruling body of three men > TRIUMVIRI or TRIUMVIRS.
trivia trifles.
trivium the three 'liberal' arts, grammar, logic, and rhetoric; -- being a triple way, as it were, to eloquence > TRIVIUMS.
trochlea a pulley-like structure of shoulder, thigh, or orbit of eye > TROCHLEAE or TROCHLEAS.
trochus a genus of gastropods, the top-shells > TROCHI or TROCHUSES.
troilus a large American butterfly > TROILUSES.
trophi the mouth-parts of an insect. [Pl. L. trophus].
tuba an ancient trumpet > TUBAS or TUBAE.
tumulus a barrow-mound; a mound of earth over a grave > TUMULI or TUMULUSES.
tunica an enclosing membrane or layer of tissue > TUNICAE.
turbo any one of numerous marine gastropods having a turbinate shell, pearly on the inside, and a calcareous operculum > TURBOS. [L turbo, a whirl, a spinning-top].
turgor a balance of osmotic pressure and cell-wall elasticity. [L. turgere, to swell].
tussis a cough > TUSSISES.
ubique everywhere.
ulex gorse > ULEXES.
ulna the inner and larger of the two bones of the forearm > ULNAS or ULNAE.
ulnare one of the bones or cartilages of the carpus, which articulates with the ulna and corresponds to the cuneiform in man > ULNARIA.
ulterior (of e.g. a motive) beyond what is stated or apparent.
ultima the last syllable of a word > ULTIMAS.
ultimatum final terms; a last offer or demand > ULTIMATA or ULTIMATUMS.
ultimo of last month.
ultion revenge; vengeance. [L. ultio, revenge].
ultra a person who holds extreme opinions, esp. in religion or politics; an extremist. [L. ultra, beyond].
ulva a genus of thin papery bright green seaweeds including the kinds called sea lettuce > ULVAS. [L. ulva, sedge].
umbilicus the navel > UMBILICUSES or UMBILICI.
umbo the boss of a shield > UMBOS or UMBONES.
umbra a shadow > UMBRAE or UMBRAS.
umbraculum an umbrella or umbrella-like structure > UMBRACULA.
uncia an ancient Roman coin > UNCIAE.
uncinus a hooklet, a marginal tooth of a mollusc's RADULA > UNCINI.
uncus a hook or hooklike process or structure > UNCI.
unguent an ointment. [L. unguentum].
unguentum an ointment > UNGUENTA.
unguis the nail, claw, talon, or hoof of a finger, toe, or other appendage > UNGUES.
ungula a hoof, claw, or talon > UNGULAE.
uraeus an Egyptian symbol of kingship. A rearing cobra was worn on the king's forehead or crown > URAEI or URAEUSES.
urbia cities collectively.
urceolus a pitcher-shaped sheath or structure, as the tube in which some rotifers live > URCEOLI or URCEOLUSES.
uredo any of various rust fungi > UREDINES, UREDOS. [L. uredo, blight].
urethra the canal by which the urine is conducted from the bladder and discharged > URETHRAE or URETHRAS.
ursa a female bear > URSAE.
urtica any plant of the nettle genus > URTICAS.
uterus the womb > UTERUSES or UTERI.
utriculus a utricle > UTRICULI. [L. utriculus, a small bag].
uva a grape or grape-like berry > UVAE or UVAS.
uvula the fleshy outgrowth at the back of the soft palate > UVULAE or UVULAS. [L. uvula, little grape].
vacatur the act of annulling in law.
vaccina vaccinia cowpox. [L. vaccina, a cow].
vaccinium a genus of ericaceous shrubs including the various kinds of blueberries and the true cranberries. [L. vaccinium, whortleberry].
vagina a sheath; part of the female genitalia > VAGINAS or VAGINAE.
vaginula a little sheath, as that about the base of the pedicel of most mosses > VAGINULAE. Also VAGINULE.
vagitus a baby's cry or wail > VAGITUSES.
vagus the tenth and last cranial nerve, going to larynx and pharynx > VAGI.
vale farewell.
valete a farewell, as address to more than one person.
valgus any deformity of a limb joint which causes a distal bone or bones to be displaced obliquely outwards (orig. inwards), as in knock-knee and some forms of club-foot > VALGUSES.
vallar in vallar crown, crown vallar, a circlet heightened by (usu. eight) vair-shaped points resembling a rampart or palisade.
vallecula a groove or furrow > VALLECULAE.
vallum a rampart; a wall of earth thrown up from a ditch > VALLUMS.
valvula a little valve > VALVULAE. Also VALVULE.
vanitas a 17th century Dutch still life painting featuring a memento mori etc > VANITASES.
varia a literary miscellany. [L. neuter pl., of varius, various].
varicella chicken pox.
variola smallpox. [LL. variola pustule, pox, from L. varius various, spotted].
variorum an edition of a text that includes the notes of earlier scholars or editors > VARIORUMS.
varix a varicose swelling; ridge on surface of e.g. snail's shell > VARICES.
varroa an Asiatic mite which paralyses and kills the honey-bee. [From Varro, a Latin writer on bees].
varus any deformity of a limb joint which causes a distal bone or bones to be displaced obliquely inwards, as in bow-legs and some forms of club-foot > VARUSES.
vas a duct carrying liquid > VASA. [L. vas, vessel].
vasculum a botanist's collecting case > VASCULA or VASCULUMS. [L. vasculum, diminutive of vas, a vessel].
velamen the water-absorbing outer covering of aerial roots of certain orchids > VELAMINA. [L. velamen, veil].
velarium an awning over an auditorium > VELARIA.
veliger a mollusc larva with a VELUM. [L. velum, sail, + ger, to bear].
velites foot-soldiers of ancient Rome. N.B. there is no singular VELITE.
vellum calf or lamb gut or skin prepared for writing on; parchment > VELLUMS.
vellus as in vellus hair, short fine unpigmented hair covering the human body.
velum a veil or integument > VELA.
vena a vein > VENAE.
venefic having poisonous effects. [L. veneficus, from venenum, poison + facere, to do].
venire a judicial writ or precept directed to the sheriff, requiring him to cause a certain number of qualified persons to appear in court at a specified time, to serve as jurors in said court.
venite the 95th psalm.
venus one of a genus of lamellibranch molluscs.
veratria veratrin veratrine a toxic mixture of alkaloids present in the seeds of VERATRUMS and SABADILLA, formerly used to relieve neuralgia and rheumatism. [L. veratrum, hellebore].
veratrum a genus of coarse liliaceous herbs having very poisonous qualities > VERATRUMS. [L. veratrum, hellebore].
verbatim word for word.
verbena a plant of the VERVAIN genus. [L. verbena, a leafy twig, sacred bough].
verecund shy, coy, bashful. [L. verecundus, from vereri, to respect].
veritas truth > VERITATES.
vermis a wormlike structure; esp. (more fully vermis cerebelli) the median part of the cerebellum, between the two hemispheres (also called vermiform process) > VERMES.
vermut vermouth a drink with a white wine base, flavoured with wormwood and other herbs.
vernix a fatty substance covering the skin of a foetus > VERNIXES.
verruca a plantar wart > VERRUCAE or VERRUCAS.
verso the reverse, or left-hand, page of a book or a folded sheet of paper. Cf. RECTO.
versus against; in contrast to.
vertebra a component of the vertebral column, or backbone, found in vertebrates > VERTEBRAE or VERTEBRAS.
vertex a point, as of an angle or polygon > VERTEXES or VERTICES.
verticil a whorl. [L. verticillus, dim. of vertex].
vertigo a sensation of whirling motion, tending to result in a loss of balance and sometimes of consciousness; giddiness, dizziness > VERTIGOS, VERTIGOES or VERTIGINES.
vesica a bladder, esp. a urinary bladder > VESICAE or VESICAS. [L. vesica, bladder, blister].
vesicant a substance raising blisters. [L. vesica, bladder, blister].
vesicula a small blister; a bladder-like or rounded cavity > VESICULAE.
vespa a genus of Hymenoptera including the common wasps and hornets > VESPAS. [L. vespa, wasp].
vesper the sixth of the daytime canonical hours of prayer, orig. appointed for the early evening; the office appointed for this hour. [L. vesper, evening star, evening].
vespid a social wasp. [L. vespa, wasp].
vesta a kind of short wooden or wax match.
vestal one of the Roman patrician virgins consecrated to Vesta, goddess of the hearth.
vestibulum a cavity into which, in certain bryozoans, the esophagus and anus open > VESTIBULA.
vestigium a trace, a vestige > VESTIGIA.
veto any authoritative prohibition > VETOES. (Verb) to forbid.
vexillum a flag or standard; the vane of a feather > VEXILLA.
via way, road > VIAS or VIAE.
viaticum Holy Communion administered to a dying person; travelling provisions or expenses > VIATICA or VIATICUMS.
viator a traveller; a wayfarer > VIATORES or VIATORS.
vibex a streak due to extravasation of blood > VIBICES.
vibrissa a sensitive whisker on animal's face > VIBRISSAE.
viburnum a kind of shrub or tree including the guelder-rose. [L. viburnum, the wayfaring tree].
victrix a female victor.
vide see.
videlicet that is to say: namely.
videndum a thing to be seen > VIDENDA.
vidimus attested copy; inspection of accounts > VIDIMUSES. [L.' we have seen'].
viduage widowhood; widows collectively. [L. vidua a widow, viduus deprived, bereaved].
vilipend to treat as of small worth; to contemn, disparage. [L. vilis + pendere, to weigh].
villa a country house or farmhouse with subsidiary buildings; a detached house of some size > VILLAS or VILLAE.
villus soft velvety hair or fur. [L. villus, tuft, shaggy hair].
vimen a long branch of a plant > VIMINA.
vinca a plant of the periwinkle family.
vinculum a bond, tie; in maths, a horizontal line over figures with the same function as brackets > VINCULA or VINCULUMS.
vindemial pertaining to the vintage. [L. vindemia, vintage].
virago a loud overbearing woman, a termagant > VIRAGOS or VIRAGOES.
viraemia viremai the presence of viral particles in the blood.
virga trail of water-drops coming from cloud but not reaching the ground as precipitation > VIRGAS or VIRGAE. [L. virga, a twig, a streak in the sky].
virus a pathogenic agent, usu a protein-coated particle of RNA or DNA, capable of increasing rapidly inside a living cell.
vis force > VIRES.
viscum a genus of parasitic shrubs, including the mistletoe of Europe > VISCUMS.
viscus one of the organs, as the brain, heart, or stomach, in the great cavities of the body of an animal > VISCERA.
vita life > VITAE or VITAS.
vitae colloquial for a CV.
vitellus the yolk of an egg > VITELLI or VITELLUSES.
vitex any of various shrubs and small trees of the verbena family.
vitiligo a rare skin disease consisting in the development of smooth, milk-white spots upon various parts of the body > VITILIGOS. [L. vitiligo, a skin eruption].
vitreum the vitreous humour of the eye. [L. vitrum, glass].
vitta a leather strap on a soldier's suit of armour > VITTAE.
vivarium an artificial enclosure for keeping live animals > VIVARIUMS or VIVARIA.
vivat an expression of enthusiastic approval > VIVATS.
viverra viverrid a genus of carnivores which comprises the civets. [L. viverra, a ferret].
vivipara an artificial division of vertebrates including those that produce their young alive; -- opposed to OVIPARA.
vola the hollow of the hand or foot > VOLAE.
volens consenting to the risk of injury.
volva a saclike envelope of certain fungi, which bursts open as the plant develops.
volvox a genus of minute, pale-green, globular, organisms, about one fiftieth of an inch in diameter, found rolling through water, the motion being produced by minute colorless cilia > VOLVOXES.
volvulus the spasmodic contraction of the intestines which causes colic > VOLVULI or VOLVULUSES.
vomer any of various bones resembling a ploughshare in shape.
vomica an abscess cavity in the lungs > VOMICAE or VOMICAS.
vomitorium an opening in a large building by which a crowd is let out > VOMITORIA. Also VOMITORY.
vomitus matter vomited. [L. vomere, to vomit].
vorago a gulf > VORAGOES or VORAGOS.
vortex a whirling motion of a liquid, gas or fire forming a cavity in the centre > VORTEXES or VORTICES.
vox voice > VOCES.
vulcan a blacksmith or iron-worker.
vulgo commonly, popularly.
vulgus the common people; a schoolboy Latin composition > VULGUSES.
vulsella a forceps with toothed or clawed blades > VULSELLAE. Also VULSELLUM.
vulsellum a forceps with toothed or clawed blades > VULSELLA. Also VULSELLA as singular.
vulva the external genital of a female animal > VULVAE or VULVAS.
xystus a long covered portico or court used by ancient Greek athletes for exercises > XYSTI. Also (Greek) XYSTOS, XYST.
zelator zelatrix zelatrice a nun whose duty is to keep watch on the behaviour of younger nuns in the convent.
zingiber any plant of the Zingiber or ginger family. [L. zingiber, from Gk. zingiberis, ginger].
zizyphus a shrub or tree of the buckthorn family, aka the JUJUBE tree. [L. jujube tree].
zoea a larval stage in certain crustaceans, esp. decapods > ZOEAE or ZOEAS. Also ZOOEA.
zona a girdle or belt; a zone > ZONAE.
zonula a small zone > ZONULAE or ZONULAS.