Association of British Scrabble Players

Science & Tech > Chemistry > Sugars


Now updated for CSW15. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.


agarose a sugar obtained from agar.
aldohexose a class of sugars, including glucose.
aldopentose a type of sugar.
aldose a class of sugars, containing an aldehyde.
arabin the essential principle of gum arabic.
arabinose a pentose sugar which is a constituent of many plant gums.
cycasin a sugar derivative.
cyclamate any of a number of very sweet substances derived from petrochemicals.
deoxyribose a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA.
desoxyribose a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA.
dextrose the dextrorotatory (and predominant naturally-occurring) form of glucose.
disaccharid any of a class of sugars, such as maltose, lactose, and sucrose, having two linked monosaccharide units per molecule.
disaccharide any sugar that consists of two monosaccharide residues linked together.
dulcose a saccharine substance derived from various plants.
fructose a hexose sugar which occurs widely in fruit juices, syrups, and honey.
fucose a type of sugar.
furanose a sugar having four carbon atoms and one oxygen.
galactose a sugar obtained by hydrolysis from lactose.
glucan a type of sugar.
glucose a hexose sugar, found eg in ripe fruit.
glucosic of or like glucose.
glycose a hexose sugar, found eg in ripe fruit.
heptose any monosaccharide sugar with seven carbon atoms in its molecule.
hexose a sugar with six carbon atoms to the molecule.
ketose any of a class of monosaccharide sugars which contain a ketone group.
lactose milk sugar.
laevulose the laevorotatory (and predominant naturally occurring) form of fructose.
levulose a form of fructose.
maltose a hard, white crystalline sugar, formed by the action of malt or diastase on starch.
mannan any of a group of polysaccharides composed chiefly of mannose residues, occurring widely in plants.
mannose a sugar obtained by oxidising mannitol.
monosaccharide a simple sugar eg glucose or fructose.
nucleoside a deoxyribose or ribose sugar molecule to which a pruine or pyrimidine base is covalently bound.
nucleotide a nucleoside with a phosphate group attached to the sugar.
pentose a sugar with five carbon atoms.
pyranose a sugar present in pyran.
raffinose a colorless crystalline slightly sweet substance obtained from the molasses of the sugar beet.
rhamnose a sugar found in plants.
ribose a pentose sugar.
saccharide a carbohydrate, a compound of sugar.
saccharose any carbohydrate, esp cane sugar.
secalose a sugar which occurs in green rye and oats.
sorbose a type of sugar.
sucrose a white crystalline disaccharide composed of a glucose and a fructose unit.
tetrose a sugar whose molecules contain four carbon atoms.
trehalose a disaccharide orig obtained from trehala and found in fungi, yeasts, etc.
triose a simple sugar.
xylose a pentose (aldose) which occurs widely in plants, esp as a constituent of xylan.