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Science & Tech > Chemistry > Hydrocarbons


Now updated for CSW15. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.


alkane a group of hydrocarbons, the paraffins, which contains only single bonds between the carbon atoms.
alkene an unsaturated hydrocarbon of the ethylene series.
alkine a group of hydrocarbons that contain at least one carbon-carbon triple bond in its molecules.
alkyne a group of hydrocarbons that contain at least one carbon-carbon triple bond in its molecules.
amphiphile a type of molecule that is amphiphilic, of or relating to a compound having a polar water-molecule attached to a water-soluble hydrocarbon chain.
amphiphilic of or relating to a compound having a polar water-molecule attached to a water-soluble hydrocarbon chain.
amylene an unsaturated hydrocarbon of the olefine series, aka pentene.
anthracene a tricyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, found in coal tar and isolated as colourless crystals.
arene an aromatic hydrocarbon.
benzanthracene a crystalline carcinogenic cyclic hydrocarbon that is found in small amounts in coal tar.
benzene an aromatic hydrocarbon.
benzenoid like benzene, a hydrocarbon; (noun) a substance like benzene.
benzin a mixture of hydrocarbons obtained by the distillation of petroleum.
benzine a mixture of hydrocarbons obtained by the distillation of petroleum.
benzoapyrene a carcinogenetic hydrocarbon found in coal tar.
benzoline impure benzene.
benzpyrene a cancer-inducing hydrocarbon.
bisphenol a hydrocarbon used in the manufacture of plastics and resins.
butadiene a hydrocarbon used in making synthetic rubber.
butene any one of three metameric hydrocarbons of the ethylene series.
butylene any one of three metameric hydrocarbons of the ethylene series.
camphane a saturated terpene hydrocarbon.
camphene an unsaturated terpene hydrocarbon.
cetane a colourless liquid hydrocarbon.
cubane a type of hydrocarbon with eight CH groups.
cycloalkane an alicyclic hydrocarbon with a saturated ring, aka cycloparaffin.
cyclohexane a pungent saturated cyclic hydrocarbon found in petroleum or made synthetically and used chiefly as a solvent and in organic synthesis.
cycloolefin a hydrocarbon containing a ring having one or more double bonds.
cycloolefinic of or like a cycloolefin.
cycloparaffin a saturated hydrocarbon containing a ring of carbon atoms joined by single bonds, aka cycloalkane.
cymene a hydrocarbon.
cymol a hydrocarbon.
decane a hydrocarbon of the alkane series.
dimethyl ethane.
ethane a colourless, odourless hydrocarbon of the methane series.
ethylbenzene a liquid aromatic hydrocarbon used chiefly in the manufacture of styrene.
fluorene a colorless, crystalline hydrocarbon, having a beautiful violet fluorescence.
halon any one of a class of halogenated hydrocarbons, used esp in fire extinguishers.
hemiterpene any of a class of simple unsaturated hydrocarbons, such as isoprene.
heptane a saturated hydrocarbon with seven carbon atoms, found as a constituent of petroleum or tar oil.
hexadecane the systematic name for cetane, a colourless liquid hydrocarbon.
hexane any one of five hydrocarbons of the paraffin series, so called because the molecule has six carbon atoms.
hexene a colorless, liquid hydrocarbon of the ethylene series.
hexone a liquid hydrocarbon obtained from distillation products of certain fats and gums.
hexylene a colorless, liquid hydrocarbon of the ethylene series.
hydrocarbon a compound of hydrogen and carbon with nothing else, occurring notably in oil, natural gas and coal.
hydrocrack to crack hydrocarbons in the presence of hydrogen.
hydrocracking the process of cracking hydrocarbons in the presence of hydrogen.
isobutane a gaseous branched-chain hydrocarbon.
isobutene an isomer of butene.
isoprene a hydrocarbon of the terpene group.
isoprenoid of or like an isoprene, a hydrocarbon of the terpene group; (noun) an isoprenoid compound.
ligroin (Tradename) a name applied to some of the volatile products obtained in refining crude petroleum.
ligroine (Tradename) a name applied to some of the volatile products obtained in refining crude petroleum.
menthene a colorless liquid hydrocarbon resembling oil of turpentine, obtained by dehydrating menthol.
naphthalene a crystalline aromatic hydrocarbon usually obtained by distillation of coal tar.
naphthalin a white crystalline volatile solid with a characteristic penetrating odour, an aromatic hydrocarbon.
naphthene a peculiar hydrocarbon occuring as an ingredient of Caucasian petroleum.
naphthenic of or like naphthene.
nonane a hydrocarbon, ninth in the alkane series.
nonyl a hydrocarbon radical derived from nonane.
octane any of a series of saturated hydrocarbons.
olefiant oil-forming, as in olefiant ethylene.
olefin a hydrocarbon of the ethylene series.
olefine a hydrocarbon of the ethylene series.
olefinic of or like an olefin, a hydrocarbon of the ethylene series.
pentane any one of the three metameric hydrocarbons, of the methane or paraffin series, so called because of the five carbon atoms in the molecule.
pentene an unsaturated hydrocarbon of the olefine series.
pentylene an unsaturated hydrocarbon of the olefine series.
phenanthrene an aromatic hydrocarbon of coal tar.
phene an old name for the hydrocarbon benzene.
phenic relating to benzene or phenyl.
picene a hydrocarbon extracted from the pitchy residue of coal tar and petroleum.
pristane a saturated hydrocarbon oil found in the livers of some marine creatures.
propane a heavy gaseous hydrocarbon of the paraffin series, occurring naturally dissolved in crude petroleum, and also made artificially.
propene a colorless gaseous hydrocarbon of the ethylene series, having a garlic odor.
propylene a colorless gaseous hydrocarbon of the ethylene series, having a garlic odor.
reformate a product of hydrocarbon reforming.
retene a hydrocarbon obtained from tar.
stilbene a crystalline hydrocarbon, used in dye manufacture.
styrene an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from essential oils and coal-tar, forming thermoplastics.
terpene any of a class of volatile aromatic hydrocarbons, many of which occur in essential plant oils, esp of conifers and citrus trees.
terpenic relating to a terpene, an isomeric hydrocarbon.
terpenoid any one of a series of isomeric hydrocarbons of pleasant aromatic odor.
tolane a white crystalline derivative of acetylene.
toluene a hydrocarbon of the aromatic series, homologous with benzene.
toluidide a chemical deriving from toluene.
toluol a hydrocarbon of the aromatic series, homologous with benzene.
toluole a hydrocarbon of the aromatic series, homologous with benzene.
xylene any of a group of three metameric hydrocarbons of the aromatic series, found in coal and wood tar.
xylidin any one of six metameric hydrocarbons resembling aniline and related to xylene.
xylidine any one of six metameric hydrocarbons, resembling aniline and related to xylene.
xylol any of a group of three metameric hydrocarbons of the aromatic series, found in coal and wood tar.