Association of British Scrabble Players

Science & Tech > Botany > Growth & Flowering


Now updated for CSW15. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.


abscise to fall off by abscission.
acarophily the symbiotic association of plants with mites.
accrescent growing larger even after flowering.
allelopathic relating to allelopathy.
allelopathy an adverse influence exerted either by one individual plant over another by the production of a chemical inhibitor.
anemosis the separation of rings in the growth of timber due to wind.
anthesis (Greek) the time when a flower opens, or becomes sexually functional.
blastogenesis reproduction by budding.
blastogenetic related to blastogenesis, reproduction by budding.
bloomy full of bloom, flowery.
bloosme (Spenser) to bloom.
blume to blossom.
bourgeon (Obs.) to sprout; to put forth bud.
burgeon to sprout; to put forth buds.
caducous of parts of a plant or animal, shed or falling at an early stage.
cauliflorous relating to cauliflory, the production of flowers on old stems from dormant buds.
cauliflory the production of flowers on old stems from dormant buds.
chasmogamic related to chasmogamy, the opening of a flower in order to be fertilized.
chasmogamous relating to chasmogamy, the opening of a flower in order to be fertilized.
chasmogamy the opening of a flower in order to be fertilized.
chorisis (Greek) multiplication of parts by branching or splitting.
chorism a multiplication of parts by branching or splitting.
cleft an opening made by cleaving or splitting; (verb) to insert a scion into the stock of a plant.
cleistogamic relating to cleistogamy, the production of small inconspicuous closed self-pollinating flowers additional to and often more fruitful than showier ones on the same plant.
cleistogamous relating to cleistogamy, the production of small inconspicuous closed self-pollinating flowers additional to and often more fruitful than showier ones on the same plant.
cleistogamously (Adv.) CLEISTOGAMOUS, relaing to cleistogamy.
cuttage a means of plant propagation.
deflorate past flowering; (verb) to deflower.
dehisce to gape, burst open.
dichogamic relating to dichogamy, an arrangement for preventing the self-fertilization of hermaphrodite flowers.
dichogamy an arrangement for preventing the self-fertilization of hermaphrodite flowers, the stamens and stigmas ripening at different times.
ecblastesis proliferation of a floral axis.
etiolate to make pale by preventing exposure to sunlight.
etiolation the operation of blanching plants, by excluding the light of the sun; the condition of a blanched plant.
florescence the process of flowering or bursting into flower; the period of flowering.
florescent expanding into flowers; blossoming.
flowerage the process or result of flowering; flowers collectively.
flowerer a plant that flowers in a specified manner or at a specified time.
flowerlike like a flower.
foliaceous bearing leaves; leaflike.
foliation the process of bursting into leaf.
frondent leafy.
frondescence the formation of leaves.
frondose leafy or like a leaf.
gemmate to reproduce by gemmae.
gemmation budding or gemma-formation.
gemmative relating to gemmation, the action of putting out buds.
germain (Shakesp.) a germ, shoot.
germaine (Shakesp.) a germ, shoot.
germen a germ, shoot.
germin a germ, shoot.
germinant sprouting; sending forth germs or buds.
germination the process by which a seedling emerges and develops from a seed.
grandiflora (Lat.) bearing large flowers; (noun) a large-flowered plant
hermaphroditic of or like a hermaphrodite, bearing both sexes, usually in the same flower.
hermaphroditism the state of being hermaphrodite, bearing both sexes, usually in the same flower.
heterogamous relating to heterogamy, the process of fertilization in plants by an indirect or circuitous method.
heterogamy the process of fertilization in plants by an indirect or circuitous method.
heterogonic relating to heterogony.
heterogony the condition of having two or more kinds of flowers, different as to the length of their stamens and pistils.
heterophylly the state of being heterophyllous.
heterotaxic relating to heterotaxy.
heterotaxy the abnormal disposition of organs or parts.
histogen a more or less well-defined region within a plant where tissues undergo differentiation.
histogenic of or like a histogen, a more or less well-defined region within a plant where tissues undergo differentiation.
histogenically (Adv.) HISTOGENIC, of or like a histogen.
hygrochastic showing hygrochasy, dehiscence on moistening.
hygrochasy dehiscence on moistening.
hypogaeal germinating with cotyledons underground.
hypogaean germinating with cotyledons underground.
hypogeal germinating with cotyledons underground.
hypogean germinating with cotyledons underground.
hysteranthous having the leaves appearing after the flowers.
imbibition the absorption of a liquid by a solid or a gel; the uptake of water by germinating seeds.
imbibitional relating to imbibition, the absorption of a liquid by a solid or a gel; the uptake of water by germinating seeds.
indehiscence the state of being indehiscent, not splitting open at maturity.
indehiscent not splitting open at maturity.
jarovise (Russian) to hasten the flowering of a plant.
jarovize (Russian) to hasten the flowering of a plant.
lactific producing milk or milky juice.
layerage a method of plant propagation.
loculicidal dehiscing along the back of the carpel.
marcescence the state of being marcescent.
marcescent withering without falling off.
mesophile the ideal growth temperature of 20 to 45 degrees.
metagenesis alternating gametophyte (sexual) and sporophyte (asexual) reproductive cycles.
metagenetic relating to metagenesis.
metagenetically (Adv.) METAGENETIC, relating to metagenesis.
metagenic relating to metagenesis, the production within the life cycle of an organism of alternating asexual and sexual reproductive forms.
monoecious having separate male and female flowers on the same plant.
monoeciously (Adv.) MONOECIOUS, having separate male and female flowers on the same plant.
monoicous having separate male and female flowers on the same plant.
monoicously (Adv.) MONOICOUS, having separate male and female flowers on the same plant.
multiflorous many-flowered.
myrmecophilous ant-loving, of plants inhabited by ants and offering specialised shelters and food for them.
nonflowering not flowering.
overground situated over or above ground; as, the overground portion of a plant.
parecism the state of being parecious, of certain mosses, having the male and female reproductive organs near one another.
perennate to last or live through a number of years, as a perennial plant.
perennation the act of perennating, living perennially.
perennial lasting for many years (noun) a plant that lives more than two years
perennially (Adv.) PERENNIAL, lasting for many years.
perennity the quality of being perennial.
petalodic relating to petalody, the metamorphosis of various floral organs, usually stamens, into petals.
petalody the metamorphosis of various floral organs, usually stamens, into petals.
plantule the embryo which has begun its development in the act of germination.
pleiotaxy an increase in the whorls of a flower.
polycarpic fruiting many times, or year after year.
polycarpous fruiting many times, or year after year.
polycarpy the condition of being able to produce fruit and flowers several times in successive years or seasons.
polygam (Greek) a flower having male, female and hermaphrodite flowers.
polygamic of or like a polygam, a flower having male, female and hermaphrodite flowers.
pomiferous bearing apples.
proliferous producing buds and/or new plants vegetatively.
proliferously (Adv.) PROLIFEROUS, producing buds and/or new plants vegetatively.
protandrous showing protandry, the development of male organs before female to avoid self-fertilization.
protandry the development of male organs before female to avoid self-fertilization.
proterogynous exhibiting proterogyny.
proterogyny the development of female organs before male to avoid self-fertilization.
protogynous exhibiting protogyny.
protogyny the development of female organs before male to avoid self-fertilization.
rhizogenous producing or growing roots.
rhizosphere a region of increased biological activity in the neighborhood of a root.
rootage the act of striking roots.
roothold the maintenance of position by roots.
saprogenic producing decay or putrefaction.
saprogenicity the state of being saprogenic.
septicidal with splitting of septa, as when a fruit dehisces by separation of the carpels.
septicidally (Adv.) SEPTICIDAL, with splitting of septa, as when a fruit dehisces by separation of the carpels.
septifragal breaking away of certain parts of a plant from its dividing walls.
serotinous flowering late.
serotiny the state of being serotinous, flowering late.
siphonogamy the state of reproducing by seed.
staminody the transformation of a floral organ into a stamen.
strobil (Greek) a scaly spike of female flowers, as in the hop.
strobile (Greek) a scaly spike of female flowers, as in the hop.
strobiline of or pertaining to a strobile.
strobiloid like a strobile, a scaly multiple fruit resulting from the ripening of an ament in certain plants.
strobilus (Greek) a scaly spike of female flowers, as in the hop.
synanthesis synchronous maturity of male and female elements of plant.
synanthetic showing synanthy, the abnormal fusion of flowers.
synanthic showing synanthy, the abnormal fusion of flowers.
synanthous synanthic, flowering and leafing simultaneously.
topwork to graft scions of one plant on to the stem of another.
trioecious having male, female and hermaphrodite flowers on different plants.
uniflorous bearing one flower only; as, a uniflorous peduncle.
vegetative growing, as plants; reproducing by vegetative organs rather than special structures.
vernalise to cause (plants) to come to early maturity, esp by chilling seeds, bulbs etc.
vernalization subjecting seeds to low temperatures to hasten plant development.
vernalize to cause (plants) to come to early maturity, esp by chilling seeds, bulbs etc.
vivipary viviparity in plants.
xerochasy dehiscence on drying.
zygomorphy the state of having flowers symmetrical about one axis.