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Science & Tech > Anatomy > Nerves


Now updated for CSW15. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.


abducens (Lat.) a cranial nerve.
acetylcholine a substance secreted at the ends of nerve fibres when they activate muscles.
antidromic of nerve fibres, conducting impulses in the opposite direction to normal.
antidromically (Adv.) ANTIDROMIC, of nerve fibres conducting impulses in the opposite direction to normal.
appestat a neural centre in the hypothalamus believed to control (food) appetite.
axilemma the membrane that encloses the axons of a nerve cell.
axite a fibre of an axon, a nerve fibre.
axolemma the membrane that encloses the axons of a nerve cell.
axon (Greek) a nerve fibre.
axonal of or like an axon, a nerve fibre.
axone a nerve fibre.
axonic of or like an axon, a nerve fibre.
axoplasm the cytoplasm of an axon, a nerve fibre.
axoplasmic relating to axoplasm.
baroreceptor a sensory nerve ending, esp in the walls of large arteries, that is sensitive to changes in blood pressure.
bouton (Fr.) an enlargement of the end of a nerve-fibre.
cerebroside any of various glycolipids found esp in nerve tissue.
chronaxie a time constant in the excitation of a nerve or muscle.
chronaxy a time constant in the excitation of a nerve or muscle.
costal of or pertaining to the ribs (noun) the costal nervure
cyton (Greek) the body of a nerve-cell.
dendron (Greek) a branching projection of a nerve-cell.
diaxon a bipolar nerve-cell.
efferent carrying outward or away (noun) a nerve carrying impulses away
efferently (Adv.) EFFERENT, carrying outward or away.
electrotonus excitability and conductivity in a nerve.
endoneurium the delicate connective tissue surrounding nerve fibres within a bundle.
endplate a type of nerve terminal.
epineural lying over and parallel to a nerve.
epineurial relating to the epineurium, the connective tissue framework and sheath of a nerve.
epineurium the connective tissue framework and sheath of a nerve.
excitor a nerve bringing impulses to the brain.
ganglial of or like a ganglion.
gangliar of or like a ganglion.
gangliate having a ganglion or ganglia.
gangliated having a ganglion or ganglia.
gangliform in the form of a ganglion, a nerve centre, a collection of cells; a tumour in a tendon sheath.
ganglion (Greek) a nerve centre, a collection of cells; a tumour in a tendon sheath.
ganglionated having a ganglion or ganglia.
heartstring a nerve or tendon imagined to brace and sustain the heart; (in pl) affections.
hypoglossal of or relating to the hypoglossal nerves; (noun) the hypoglossal nerve.
innervate to supply with nerves or a nervous stimulus.
innervation the state of being innervate.
interneuron an internuncial neuron.
interneuronal relating to interneurons.
internuncial linking two neurons in a neuronal pathway.
lemniscal relating to a lemniscus, a band of fibres.
lemniscus (Lat.) a band of fibres, esp nerve fibres.
motoneuron a neuron that passes from the central nervous system toward a muscle and conducts an impulse that causes movement.
motoneuronal relating to a motoneuron.
motorial of or pertaining to motion; spec. of or pertaining to a motor nerve.
motorium that part of the nervous system concerned with movement.
myelin the substance forming the medullary sheath of nerve-fibres.
myelinated of a nerve fibre, enclosed in a myelin sheath.
myeline the substance forming the medullary sheath of nerve-fibres.
myelinic relating to myelin, the substance forming the medullary sheath of nerve-fibres.
myelocyte a nerve-cell of the brain or spinal cord.
myelocytic pertaining to a myelocyte, a nerve-cell of the brain or spinal cord.
mylohyoid (Pertaining to) a nerve in the region of, the lower jaw and the hyoid apparatus.
nerval of the nerves.
nervate nerved.
nerve self-possession; (verb) to give courage to.
nervelet a small nerve.
nervular relating to a nervule, a small branch of a nerve.
nervule a small branch of a nerve.
neural pertaining to the nervous system.
neurally (Adv.) NEURAL, pertaining to the nervous system.
neuraxon a part of a neuron.
neurilemma the delicate outer sheath of a nerve fiber.
neurilemmal of or like a neurilemma, the delicate outer sheath of a nerve fiber; the primitive sheath.
neurility the essential character of nerve.
neurite an axon or dendrite of a nerve cell.
neuroanatomic relating to neuroanatomy.
neuroanatomical relating to neuroanatomy.
neuroanatomy the anatomy of nervous tissue and the nervous system.
neurofibril one of a large number of fine fibres present in the cytoplasm of a nerve cell.
neurofibrilar of or like a neurofibril.
neurofibrillar of or like a neurofibril.
neurofibrillary of or like a neurofibril.
neurogram a modification in nerve structure to which memory is due.
neuroid like or relating to a nerve; (noun) either of the halves of a neural arch.
neurolemma the delicate outer sheath of a nerve fiber.
neuromuscular of or relating to nerves and muscles.
neuropil a network of axons, dendrites and synapses within the central nervous system.
neuroplasm the protoplasm of a nerve cell.
neurovascular relating to or affecting both nerves and blood vessels.
parasympathetic designating part of the nervous system.
pilomotor causing movement of hairs, as in pilomotor nerves.
pneumogastric relating to the lungs and stomach; (noun) the vagus.
protopathic pertaining to reception by nerves, etc. of only coarse stimuli such as heat, pain, etc.; pertaining to such nerves.
receptor a receiver, esp in the nervous system.
reinnervate to innervate again.
sciatic of or relating to the hip; (noun) the sciatic nerve.
sensomotor of or relating to both the sensory and motor functions of an organism or to the nerves controlling them.
subneural situated beneath a main neural axis.
synapse a connection of one nerve-cell with another; (verb) to form a synapse.
synaptic of or pertaining to a synapse or synapses between nerve cells.
synaptosomal of or like a synaptosome, a nerve ending that is isolated from homogenized nerve tissue.
synaptosome a nerve ending that is isolated from homogenized nerve tissue.
trifacial threefold and relating to the face; (noun) the trifacial nerve, the trigeminal nerve.
trigeminal threefold; three-branched; (noun) a trigeminal nerve.
trigeminus the trigeminal nerve.
trochlear of or pertaining to a trochlea; (noun) the trochlear muscle of the eye.
vagal of or pertaining to the vagus, or pneumogastric nerves.
vagally (Adv.) VAGAL, of or pertaining to the vagus.
vagus (Lat.) the tenth and last cranial nerve, going to larynx and pharynx.
visceromotor relating to or controlling movements of the viscera.