Association of British Scrabble Players

Science & Tech > Anatomy > Muscles


Now updated for CSW15. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.


abdominal relating to the abdomen (noun) an abdominal muscle
abductor one who abducts a muscle that abducts
accessorius a muscle or nerve that has an augmenting action.
adducent drawing inward or together, as a muscle does.
adduct of muscles, to draw towards a central axis.
adductor a muscle that draws towards a central axis.
aponeurosis a sheet that connects muscle to tendon.
aponeurotic relating to an aponeurosis, a sheet that connects muscle to tendon.
arytaenoid one of a pair of cartilages or muscles of the larynx.
arytenoid one of a pair of cartilages or muscles of the larynx.
arytenoidal pertaining to either of two small cartilages on top of the cricoid cartilage at the upper, back part of the larynx.
attollens (Lat.) of a muscle, that raises.
attollent lifting up, raising; (noun) a muscle that raises.
attrahent attracting; drawing towards or forward; (noun) a muscle that draws towards.
auxotonic of muscle contraction, occurring against increasing force.
bicep the two-headed muscle at the front of the arm.
biceps (Lat.) the two-headed muscle at the front of the arm that flexes the forearm.
bicipital having two heads or origins, as a muscle.
buccinator a flat cheek muscle used in chewing and blowing.
buccinatory of or like a buccinator, a muscle of the cheek.
clonic of or like a clonus, a type of muscle spasm.
clonicity the state of being clonic, spasmodic.
constrictor a muscle that contracts a cavity or orifice or compresses an organ.
corrugator a muscle which contracts the skin of the forehead into wrinkles.
cremaster (Greek) a thin muscle which serves to draw up the testicle.
deltoid shaped like a delta or triangle; (noun) the large triangular muscle of the shoulder.
deltoideus the deltoid muscle.
detrusor a muscle in the wall of the bladder that contracts when the bladder is full.
diaphragm the muscular structure separating the chest from the abdomen; (verb) to fit with a diaphragm.
diaphragmal relating to the diaphragm.
diaphragmatic relating to the diaphragm.
digastric fleshy at each end; (noun) a muscle of the lower jaw.
dilatator a muscle which dilates any part.
dimyarian having two adductor muscles.
dimyary having two adductor muscles.
epimysium a fibrous sheet enclosing a muscle.
evertor a muscle that turns a limb etc. outwards.
extensor a muscle that extends or straightens any part of the body.
flexor a muscle that bends a joint, as opposed to an extensor.
gastrocnemius the muscle that bulges the calf of the leg.
glutaeal relating to the glutaeus, any of the three large muscles of the buttock.
glutaeus (Lat.) any of the three large muscles of the buttock.
glute any of the three large muscles of the buttocks.
gluteal relating to the glutaeus, the muscle of the buttock.
gluteus (Lat.) any of the three large muscles of the buttocks.
gracilis (Lat.) a thigh muscle.
graphomotor pertaining to the muscular movements in writing.
ideomotor describing or relating to a muscular action that is evoked by an idea.
iliacus (Lat.) the flexor muscle of the thigh.
inotropic affecting or controlling muscular contraction, esp of the heart.
intercostal situated between the ribs (noun) an intercostal muscle
intercostally (Adv.) INTERCOSTAL, situated between the ribs.
intermuscular situated between muscles.
intramuscular situated in, occurring in, or administered by entering a muscle.
intramuscularly (Adv.) INTRAMUSCULAR, situated in, occurring in, or administered by entering a muscle.
laxator a muscle that relaxes an organ or part.
levator (Lat.) a muscle raising limb or part.
locomotor a muscle involved in movement or locomotion.
lumbrical wormlike; (noun) one of certain muscles of the hand and foot used in flexing the digits.
lumbricalis one of certain muscles of the hand and foot used in flexing the digits.
masseter a muscle used to move the lower jaw.
masseteric of or pertaining to the masseter, a muscle used to move the lower jaw.
muscle a contractile structure by which bodily movement is effected (verb) to proceed by force
muscular pertaining to muscle.
muscularly (Adv.) MUSCULAR, pertaining to muscle.
musculation muscular action; musculature.
musculature the muscles of all or a part of the animal body.
myoblast a cell producing muscle tissue.
myoblastic of or like a myoblast, a cell producing muscle tissue.
myofibril a contractile element of a muscle cell.
myofibrillar relating to myofibrils.
myogen an albumin, soluble in water, found in muscle.
myogenic that forms muscle or muscle fibres.
myoid composed of, or resembling, muscular fiber; (noun) a section of a retinal cone or rod which is sensitive to changes in light intensity.
myologic relating to myology, the study of muscles.
myological of or pertaining to myology, the study of muscles.
myoneural relating to or connecting muscles and nerves.
myosin an albuminous body present in dead muscle, being formed in the process of coagulation which takes place in rigor mortis.
occlusor a muscle for closing an opening.
omohyoid relating to the shoulder-blade and hyoid; (noun) the muscle joining the shoulder-blade and hyoid.
opponens a muscle of the thumb.
orbicularis a muscle surrounding an opening.
pectoral related to the chest (noun) a pectoral muscle
perforans the long flexor muscle of the toes.
perforatus the short flexor of the toes or the superficial flexor of the finger.
perimysium the connective tissue which surrounds and binds together muscle fibres.
perineural relating to the perineurium, connective tissue enclosing a nerve bundle.
perineurial related to the perineurium, connective tissue enclosing a nerve bundle.
perineurium the connective tissue forming a sheath around a single bundle of nerve fibres.
peroneus one of several fibular muscles.
phosphocreatin a compound of phosphoric acid and creatine found in vertebrate muscle.
phosphocreatine a compound of creatine and phosphoric acid found esp in vertebrate muscle where it is an energy source for muscle contraction.
phrenic pertaining to the diaphragm; (noun) the diaphragm.
platysma (Greek) a broad sheet of muscle in the neck.
popliteus a muscle in the leg.
pronator the forearm muscle that effects pronation.
psoas (Greek) the loin muscle.
psoatic relating to the psoas, the loin muscle.
quadratus the name of several quadrangular muscles.
quadricep the great extensor muscle of the knee, divided above into four parts which unite in a single tendon at the knee.
quadriceps the great extensor muscle of the knee, divided above into four parts which unite in a single tendon at the knee.
quadricipital relating to the quadriceps, the great extensor muscle of the knee.
rectus (Lat.) any one of several straight muscles in the body.
risorius a facial muscle situated at the corner of the mouth.
rotator a muscle which partially rotates or turns some part on its axis.
sacrocostal connected with the sacrum and having the character of a rib; (noun) a sacrocostal muscle.
sarcolemma the cell membrane enclosing a muscle fibre.
sarcolemmal of or like a sarcolemma, the very thin transparent and apparently homogeneous sheath which incloses a striated muscular fiber.
sarcomere a unit of myofibril, in muscle.
sarcoplasm the protoplasmic substance separating the fibrils in muscle fibres.
sarcoplasmic relating to sarcoplasm, the protoplasmic substance separating the fibrils in muscle fibres.
sarcosomal of or like a sarcosome.
sarcosome a mitochondrion of a striated muscle fire.
sarcous pertaining to flesh or muscle.
sartorius (Lat.) the muscle that bends the knee.
scalenus (Lat.) one of the paired muscles in the neck.
serratus (Lat.) a muscle of the thorax.
soleus (Lat.) a broad flat muscle in the calf of the leg, that flexes the foot.
sphincter a ringlike muscle whose contraction narrows or shuts an orifice, eg the anus.
sphincteral relating to the sphincter.
sphincterial relating ot the sphincter.
sphincteric relating to the sphincter.
splenial of or like the splenius, a muscle of the neck.
splenius (Lat.) a muscle of the neck.
stapedius the muscle of the stapes bone inside the ear.
subcostal situated below the ribs; (noun) a subcostal muscle.
supinator a muscle which produces the motion of supination.
syntonin a substance similar to fibrin, found in muscle.
tensor a muscle that stretches a part, or renders it tense.
tensorial relating to a tensor, a muscle that stretches a part, or renders it tense.
teres (Lat.) either of two muscles of the shoulder-blade.
thenar (Greek) the fleshy part (ball) of the thumb.
tibialis a muscle in the calf of the leg.
trapezius (Lat.) either of two, flat large muscles running from the base of the occiput to the middle of the back.
tricep a muscle of the arm.
triceps (Lat.) a muscle of the arm.
xiphihumeralis in vertebrates, a muscle leading from the xiphoid cartilage to the humerus.