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Science & Tech > Anatomy > Bones


Now updated for CSW15. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.


acetabulum (Lat.) a cuplike hollow on the hipbone to receive the thighbone.
acromial of or pertaining to the acromion, the outer extremity of the shoulder blade.
acromion (Greek) the outer extremity of the shoulder blade.
ancon (Greek) the elbow.
anconal of or pertaining to the ancon or elbow.
ancone (Greek) the elbow.
anconeal of or pertaining to the ancon or elbow.
anconoid of or pertaining to the ancon or elbow.
anklebone the bone of the ankle.
apophysate relating to an apophysis, an expanded or projecting part of an organism, esp of bone.
apophyseal relating to an apophysis, an expanded or projecting part of an organism, esp of bone.
apophysial relating to an apophysis, an expanded or projecting part of an organism, esp of bone.
apophysis an expanded or projecting part of an organism, esp of bone.
asternal not sternal, said of ribs which do not join the sternum.
astragalus (Lat.) the anklebone.
backbone the spine.
backboned having a backbone, vertebrate.
backboneless without a backbone.
basicranial of or relating to the base of the skull.
basilar relating to, or situated at, the base, esp of the skull.
basilary relating to, or situated at, the base, esp of the skull.
basion the middle of the anterior margin of the great foramen of the skull.
biparietal relating to or connected to both parietal bones.
bone a hard substance forming the skeleton of the higher animals; (verb) to take the bones out of.
braincase the cranium.
brainpan the upper part of the skull.
breastbone the large bone of the breast, aka sternum.
bregma (Greek) the point of junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures of the skull.
bregmate relating to the bregma, the point of junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures of the skull.
bregmatic relating to the bregma, the point of junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures of the skull.
browbone the bone of the brow.
browridge a prominence of the frontal bone above the eye.
calcaneal pertaining to the calcaneum, one of the bones of the tarsus.
calcanean pertaining to the calcaneum, one of the bones of the tarsus.
calcaneum (Lat.) one of the bones of the tarsus which, in man, forms the great bone of the heel.
calcaneus (Lat.) one of the bones of the tarsus which in man, forms the great bone of the heel.
calvaria the upper part of the skull enclosing the brain in vertebrates.
calvarial relating to the calvarium, the upper skull.
calvarian relating to the calvarium, the upper skull.
calvarium (Lat.) the upper part of the skull enclosing the brain in vertebrates.
cancelli (Lat.) the latticework of spongy bone tissue; the mesh of spaces within this.
capitellum the capitulum of the humerus, where the humerus plugs into the acetabulum.
caput (Lat.) the head; also, a knoblike protuberance or capitulum.
carpal of or pertaining to the wrist; (noun) a bone of the carpus.
carpale (Greek) one of the bones or cartilages of the carpus.
carpus (Lat.) the part of the human skeleton between the forearm and the metacarpus.
centrum (Lat.) the major part of a vertebra.
cheekbone the bone of the cheek.
chin the jutting part of the face below the mouth, the front of the lower jaw; (verb) to hold with the chin.
chinbone the bone of the chin.
clavicle the collarbone.
clavicula (Lat.) the collarbone.
clavicular of or pertaining to the clavicle.
cnemial pertaining to the shin bone.
cnemis the shin or tibia.
coccygeal pertaining to the coccyx, the tailbone.
coccygian relating to the coccyx, the tailbone.
coccyx (Greek) the tailbone.
collarbone the clavicle.
condyle a rounded protuberance at the end of a bone for articulation with another bone.
condyloid shaped like or pertaining to a condyle, a rounded protuberance at the end of a bone for articulation with another bone.
coracoid shaped like a crow's beak; (noun) a coracoid bone.
cornu (Lat.) a horn-shaped process on the thyroid cartilage or certain bones (as the hyoid and the coccyx).
cornual of or like a cornu, a horn-shaped process on the thyroid cartilage or certain bones.
costa (Lat.) a rib of an animal or a human being.
costally (Adv.) COSTAL, of or pertaining to the ribs.
cranial relating to the cranium.
cranially (Adv.) CRANIAL, relating to the cranium.
cranium (Lat.) the skull.
cuboid cube-shaped; (noun) a cube-shaped bone.
dentary pertaining to, or bearing, teeth; (noun) a bone of the lower jaw of some vertebrates, usually bearing teeth.
diaphyseal of or like a diaphysis, the shaft of a long bone.
diaphysial of or like a diaphysis, the shaft of a long bone.
diaphysis (Greek) the shaft of a long bone.
diapophysial of or like a diapophysis, a dorsal transverse process of a vertebra.
diapophysis a dorsal transverse process of a vertebra.
diploe (Greek) the soft, spongy, or cancellated substance between the plates of the skull.
diploic of or pertaining to the diploe, the soft, spongy, or cancellated substance between the plates of the skull.
endosteal relating to the endosteum, as in endosteal ossification.
endosteally (Adv.) ENDOSTEAL, relating to the endosteum.
endosteum the internal periosteum, a membrane lining the medullary capillary of a bone.
epicondyle a projection on the inner side of the distal end of the humerus.
epicranium the medical term for the collection of structures covering the cranium.
epiphyseal pertaining to, or having the nature of, an epiphysis.
epiphysial pertaining to, or having the nature of, an epiphysis.
epiphysis any portion of a bone having its own centre of ossification.
episternal of or pertaining to the episternum, a median bone connected with the sternum.
ethmoid of or like a sieve; (noun) a light spongy bone between superior nasal cavity orbits.
exostosis any protuberance of a bone which is not natural.
femoral pertaining to the femur or thigh; as, the femoral artery.
femur (Lat.) the thighbone.
fibula (Lat.) a bone of the leg; a brooch in the shape of a safety pin.
fibular relating to the fibula, a bone of the leg.
frons (Lat.) the forehead; the part of the cranium between the orbits and the vertex.
gnathal of or relating to the jaws.
gnathic of or relating to the jaws.
gnathion (Greek) the tip of the chin.
gonion the point of the angle on either side of the jaw.
hamate hooked; hooklike; (noun) the wrist-bone.
hamulus (Lat.) a small hook or hooklike process on a bone.
hipbone the bone of the hip.
humeral of or pertaining to the humerus, or upper part of the arm; brachial; (noun) the humeral bone.
humerus (Lat.) the bone of the brachium, or upper part of the arm or fore limb.
hyoid having the form of the Greek letter upsilon; (noun) a hyoid bone at the base of the tongue.
hyoidal pertaining to the hyoid, a U-shaped bone at the base of the tongue.
hyoidean pertaining to the hyoid, a U-shaped bone at the base of the tongue.
ileac pertaining to the ileum, the anterior or superior bone of the pelvis.
iliac pertaining to the ilium.
ilial pertaining to the ilium, the anterior or superior bone of the pelvis.
ilium (Lat.) the anterior or superior bone of the pelvis.
incudate pertaining to the incus, an anvil-shaped bone in the middle ear.
incus (Lat.) an anvil-shaped bone in the middle ear.
inion (Greek) the external occipital protuberance.
interfemoral situated between the thighs.
intermaxilla the bone between the maxillae.
intermedium a small bone in the wrist and ankle.
interosseal situated between bones.
interosseous situated between bones.
interphalangeal between the phalanges, the bones of a digit.
interspinal situated between the vertebrae.
interspinous situated between the vertebrae.
intertarsal between tarsal bones.
intramedullary within the bone marrow.
ischiadic of or pertaining to the ischium or hip.
ischial of or pertaining to the ischium or hip.
ischiatic of or pertaining to the ischium or hip.
ischium (Lat.) the ventral and posterior of the three principal bones composing either half of the pelvis.
jawlike like a jaw.
jawline the line of the jaw.
jugal pertaining to the cheek or cheek bone; (noun) the malar bone.
kneepan a roundish, flattened, sesamoid bone in the tendon in front of the knee joint, aka patella.
knuckle any of the bones that protrude when a finger joint is bent (verb) to press with the knuckles
knucklebone the bone of the knuckle.
leptocephalic having a narrow skull.
leptocephalous having a narrow skull.
malar of or relating to the cheek; (noun) a cheekbone.
malleolar of or pertaining to the malleolus, a rounded bony projection on either side of the ankle.
malleolus (Lat.) a rounded bony projection on either side of the ankle.
malleus (Lat.) the outermost of the three small auditory bones.
mandible a bone of the jaw.
mandibular of or pertaining to a mandible.
manubrium (Lat.) the upper part of the breastbone.
marrowbone a bone containing marrow; in pl. the knees.
marrowish of the nature of, or like, marrow.
marrowy full of marrow; pithy.
mastoid like a nipple or teat; (noun) a prominence on the temporal bone behind the ear.
mastoidal relating to the mastoid bone.
maxilla (Lat.) the bone of either the upper or the under jaw.
maxillar relating to the maxilla, the bone of either the upper or the under jaw.
maxillary of or relating to the jaw; (noun) a bone of the jaw.
medulla (Lat.) marrow, pith; hence, essence.
medullar consisting of or resembling marrow or pith.
medullary consisting of or resembling marrow or pith.
medullate having medulla.
medullated having medulla.
megacephalic having an unusually large skull.
mentum (Lat.) the chin.
metacarpal a bone of the metacarpus.
metacarpus that part of the skeleton of the hand or forefoot between the carpus and phalanges.
metatarsal a bone of the metatarsus.
metatarsus that part of the skeleton of the hind or lower limb between the tarsus and the phalanges.
metopic of or pertaining to the forehead.
metopism the continued presence in the skull of an open frontal suture beyond infancy.
myeloid resembling marrow in appearance or consistency; as, a myeloid tumor.
myelon (Greek) the spinal cord.
navicular pertaining to or like a boat; (noun) a boat-shaped bone of the wrist.
naviculare a boat-shaped bone of the wrist.
obelion the region of the skull between the two parietal foramina where the closure of the sagittal suture usually begins.
occipital relating to the back of the head (noun) the bone forming the back of the head
occiput (Lat.) the back of the skull.
odontoid a toothlike projection from the second vertebra of the neck.
olecranal relating to the olecranon, the projecting bone of the elbow.
olecranon (Greek) the projecting bone of the elbow.
omoplate the shoulder blade, or scapula.
opisthognathism the state of being opisthognathous, having receding jaws.
os (Lat.) a bone a mouthlike opening an esker
ossature a skeleton.
osseous composed of bone; resembling bone.
osseously (Adv.) OSSEOUS, composed of bone.
ossicle a little bone or bone-like plate.
ossicular relating to an ossicle, a little bone or bone-like plate.
ossiferous bearing bones.
ossific capable of producing bone; having the power to change cartilage or other tissue into bone.
ossification the natural process of bone formation.
ossify to change into bone; to become callous or conventional.
osteal relating to, of or comprised of bone.
osteocyte a cell that is characteristic of adult bone.
osteoderm a bony dermal plate.
osteodermal of or like an osteoderm.
osteodermatous of or like an osteoderm.
osteodermic of or like an osteoderm.
osteodermous of or like an osteoderm.
osteoid an uncalcified bone matrix.
parapophysial of or like a parapophysis, a ventral transverse process of a vertebra.
parapophysis a ventral transverse process of a vertebra.
paraquadrate a paired membrane bone of the vertebrate skull.
parasphenoid a bone of the skull, part of the cranial floor.
patella (Lat.) a kneecap.
patellar of or like the patella, the kneecap.
patellate relating to the patella, the kneecap.
patelliform shaped like a saucer or kneecap.
pectineal of the pubic bone.
pelvic relating to the pelvis; (noun) a bone of the pelvis.
pelvis (Lat.) the bony cavity at the lower end of the trunk.
pericranium a membrane covering the skull.
periotic around the ear; (noun) a periotic bone.
perone (Greek) the fibula, a bone of the leg.
peroneal of or pertaining to the fibula.
petrosal the stony part of the temporal bone around the inner ear.
phalangal of or pertaining to the phalanges, the bones of a digit.
phalange a bone of a digit.
phalangeal pertaining to a phalange, the bone of a digit (finger or toe).
physis the part of a bone that is responsible for lengthening, aka growth plate > PHYSES.
pinbone the hipbone.
pisiform resembling a pea in size or shape; (noun) a small bone of the wrist.
platycephalic having the vault of the skull flattened.
platycephalous having the vault of the skull flattened.
pleurapophysis a lateral process of a vertebra, with the morphological character of a rib.
prefrontal in front of, or in the forepart of, the frontal bone, lobe, scale, etc.; (noun) a frontal bone.
premaxilla (Lat.) a bone in front of the maxilla.
premaxillary the premaxilla, a bone in front of the maxilla.
prenasal situated in front of the nose, or in front of the nasal chambers; (noun) a prenasal bone.
prootic in front of the ear; (noun) a bone in front of the ear.
pterygoid winglike; (noun) a paired bone of the upper jaw.
pubis a bone of the pelvis.
radiale (Lat.) the bone or cartilage of the carpus which articulates with the radius and corresponds to the scaphoid bone in man.
radius (Lat.) the shorter and thicker of the two arm bones (verb) to give a rounded form to
rib a bone curving forward from the backbone (verb) to tease
ribcage an enclosure for the ribs.
riblet a small rib.
rotula (Lat.) the kneecap or patella.
sacral pertaining to the sacrum; (noun) a vertebra or nerve situated near the sacrum.
sacrococcygeal relating to the sacrum and the coccyx.
sacrum (Lat.) that part of the vertebral column which is directly connected with, or forms a part of, the pelvis.
scaphoid boat-shaped; (noun) a boat-shaped bone of the carpus or tarsus.
scapula (Lat.) the shoulder-blade.
sella (Lat.) a saddle-shaped area in the sphenoid bone enclosing the pituitary gland.
sequestral of or like a sequestrum, a portion of dead bone which becomes separated from the sound portion, as in necrosis.
sequestrum (Lat.) a portion of dead bone which becomes separated from the sound portion, as in necrosis.
sesamoid shaped like a sesame seed; (noun) a small rounded bone formed in the substance of a tendon, eg in the flexor tendon of the big toe.
shankbone the bone of the shank.
shinbone the tibia.
sincipital of or pertaining to the sinciput.
sinciput (Lat.) the forehead.
sinus (Lat.) a cavity, esp of the skull bone.
skeleton the supporting or protective framework of a human or animal body.
skull the bone enclosing the brain; (verb) to strike on the head.
spina (Lat.) spine, as in spina bifida, a congenital malformation.
spinal related to the spine (noun) an injection of anaesthetic into the spinal cord
spinally (Adv.) SPINAL, relating to the spine.
spine the vertebral column.
spined having a spine.
spondyl (Greek) a vertebra; a thorny oyster.
spondylous like a spondyl, a vertebra.
stapedial of or pertaining to the stapes, the stirrup-shaped bone of the ear.
stapes (Lat.) the stirrup-shaped bone of the ear.
sternal of or pertaining to the sternum.
sternebra one of the segments of the sternum.
sternum (Lat.) the breastbone.
submandibular a submandibular part (as an artery or bone).
subpubic situated under, or posterior to, the pubic bones.
substernal positioned below the breastbone.
subtalar below the anklebone.
suprapubic situated above, or anterior to, the pubic bone.
syssarcosis the union of bones, as the hyoid bone (the U-shaped bone at the base of the mouth) and the lower jaw, by muscle.
syssarcotic relating to syssarcosis, the union of bones.
tarsus (Lat.) the part of the leg between the knee and the foot.
temporal related to time (noun) a bone or muscle in the temples
tendon a cord, band or sheet of fibrous tissue attaching a muscle to a bone or other structure.
thighbone the bone of the leg between the hip joint and the knee, the femur.
thyreoid a shield-shaped bone.
tibia (Lat.) the part of the leg below the knee.
tibial relating to the tibia, the part of the leg above the knee.
trapezoid trapeze-shaped; (noun) a wrist bone at the base of the index finger.
triquetrum one of the bones of the carpus.
trochanter a rough eminence on the thigh bone to which muscles are attached.
trochanteral of or like a trochanter, a rough eminence on the thigh bone to which muscles are attached.
trochanteric of or like a trochanter, a rough eminence on the thigh bone to which muscles are attached.
turbinal scroll-like; (noun) a scroll-like bone of the nose.
turbinate scroll-like; (noun) a scroll-like bone of the nose.
tympanic like a tympanum or drum; (noun) a bone of the ear.
ulna (Lat.) the inner and larger of the two bones of the forearm.
ulnad toward the ulna, the inner and larger of the two bones of the forearm.
ulnar pertaining to the ulna, the inner and larger of the two bones of the forearm.
ulnare (Lat.) one of the bones or cartilages of the carpus, which articulates with the ulna and corresponds to the cuneiform in man.
underjaw the lower jaw.
vertebra (Lat.) a component of the vertebral column, or backbone, found in vertebrates.
vertebral of or like a vertebra.
vertebrally (Adv.) VERTEBRAL, of or like a vertebra.
vomer (Lat.) any of various bones resembling a ploughshare in shape.
vomerine of or pertaining to the vomer, a bone, or one of a pair of bones, beneath the ethmoid region of the skull.
xiphisternum the posterior and smallest of the three divisions of the sternum.
xiphoid swordlike; (noun) the xiphoid process or xiphisternum.
zygapophyseal relating to the zygapophysis.
zygapophysial relating to the zygapophysis.
zygapophysis any of the yoke-pieces or articulations of the vertebrae.
zygoma (Greek) the jugal, malar, or cheek bone.
zygomatic relating to the zygoma, the cheek bone; (noun) the cheek bone.