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Science & Tech > Anatomy > Body Processes


Now updated for CSW15. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.


anaesthesia lack of sensation.
anaesthesis loss of feeling.
anastomose to inosculate; to intercommunicate by anastomosis, as the arteries and veins.
anastomosis cross-communication of channels to form a network.
anastomotic relating to anastomosis.
andropause the male menopause.
angiogenesis the development of blood vessels and heart tissue in the embryo.
angiogenic relating to angiogenesis, the development of blood vessels and heart tissue in the embryo.
anovulatory of a menstrual cycle, without ovulation.
antibody a defensive substance produced in an organism in response to a foreign body such as a bacteria.
antigen any substance that stimulates the production of an antibody.
antigene any substance that stimulates the production of an antibody.
antigenic of or like an antigen, any substance that stimulates the production of an antibody.
antigenically (Adv.) ANTIGENIC, of or like an antigen.
antiperistalsis the action of intestinal waves of contraction contrary to normal, from anus to mouth, forcing the contents of the intestine upwards.
antiperistaltic relating to antiperistalsis.
aspiration the act of breathing and esp of breathing in.
aspirational relating to aspiration.
aspiratory of or pertaining to breathing; suited to the inhaling of air.
autoantibody an antibody produced in reaction to an antigenic constituent of the body's own tissues.
autoimmune of, relating to, or caused by autoantibodies or T cells that attack molecules, cells, or tissues of the organism producing them.
autoimmunity the production by a living body of antibodies which attack constituents of its own tissues, the cause of certain serious disease.
bleed to lose blood.
bolus (Lat.) a large pill; a soft rounded mass of chewed food.
borborygmal relating to borborygmus, the rumbling sound of gas passing through the intestine.
borborygmic relating to borborygmus, intestinal rumbling caused by moving gas.
borborygmus (Greek) the rumbling sound of gas passing through the intestine.
catamenia the menstrual discharge or menses.
catamenial pertaining to the catamenia, or menstrual discharges.
cheloid a hard growth of scar tissue.
chylify to turn into or produce chyle.
chyme semiliquid, partly digested food leaving stomach.
chymify to form into chyme, semiliquid, partly digested food leaving stomach.
chymous of or pertaining to chyme, semiliquid, partly digested food leaving stomach.
cicatrice the scar of a healed wound, burn, etc..
cicatricial of or like a cicatrice.
cicatricose like a cicatrix.
cicatrise to form a scar.
cicatrix (Lat.) the scar of a healed wound, burn, etc..
cicatrize to form a scar.
circulation the movement of the blood round the body.
coagulatory tending to cause coagulation.
condylar of or pertaining to a condyle, a bony prominence.
congealment the state of being congealed.
constipate to cause constipation in.
coprosterol a compound formed from cholesterol in the intestine.
cyclosis the circulation of cytoplasm.
cyesis (Greek) pregnancy.
defaecate to void excrement.
defaecation the expulsion of solid waste from the body.
demyelinate to destroy the myelin (of nerve fibres).
demyelination the act of destroying the myelin (of nerve fibres).
denervate to deprive of nerve endings.
denervation the act of denervating.
diapedesis the migration of white blood corpuscles through the walls of the blood vessels without apparent rupture.
diapedetic relating to diapedesis, the migration of white blood corpuscles through the walls of the blood vessels without apparent rupture.
diaphoresis perspiration, esp when copious and medically induced.
diastalsis a downward wave of contraction occurring in the intestine during digestion.
diastasis the separation of two parts of a bone without fracture, esp of an epiphysis from a long bone.
diastole the rhythmical expansion or dilatation of the heart and arteries.
diastolic of or pertaining to diastole, the rhythmical expansion or dilatation of the heart and arteries,
dichotic affecting the two ears differently.
dichotically (Adv.) DICHOTIC, affecting the two ears differently.
dicrotal of or pertaining to dicrotism, a condition in which there are two beats or waves of the arterial pulse to each beat of the heart.
dicrotic of or pertaining to dicrotism, a condition in which there are two beats or waves of the arterial pulse to each beat of the heart.
dicrotism a condition in which there are two beats or waves of the arterial pulse to each beat of the heart.
dicrotous of or pertaining to dicrotism, a condition in which there are two beats or waves of the arterial pulse to each beat of the heart.
digest to render food usable for the body.
digestant serving to digest.
digestedly (Obs.) in neat order.
digestible that can be digested.
digestibly (Adv.) DIGESTIBLE, that can be digested.
digestif something taken as an aid to digestion.
digestion the act of digesting.
digestional relating to digestion.
digestive related to digestion (noun) something which promotes digestion
digestively (Adv.) DIGESTIVE, related to the digestion.
diuresis free excretion of urine.
dynamogenesis production of increased nerve activity.
dynamogeny production of increased nervous activity.
eburnation an abnormal change of bone by which it becomes very hard and dense.
egesta (Lat.) things thrown out; excreta.
egestive tending to discharge or expel.
emiction the discharging of urine.
emphractic blocking the pores of the skin; (noun) a substance that stops the pores of the skin.
endostosis the conversion of cartilage into bone.
eructation an act or instance of belching.
eructative tending to produce eructation.
erythropoiesis the making of red blood cells.
erythropoietic relating to erythropoiesis, the making of red blood cells.
eupepsia good digestion, absence of indigestion.
eupepsy good digestion, absence of indigestion.
eupeptic relating to or having good digestion; cheerful.
eupepticity the state of being eupeptic.
eupnea normal breathing.
eupneic relating to eupnea, normal breathing.
eupnoea normal breathing.
eupnoeic relating to eupnoea, normal breathing.
excreta (Lat.) waste products, excrement.
excretal relating to excreta.
excrete to separate and eliminate from an organic body.
excretive having the power of excreting, or promoting excretion.
exhale to expel air or vapor.
expectoration the act of expectorating.
expectorative causing expectoration, spitting; (noun) an expectorant medicine.
exsanguination the process of draining or losing blood.
exsufflation expiration; exorcism by blowing.
fasciculation muscular twitching involving the simultaneous contraction of contiguous groups of muscle fibers.
ferning a tendency to develop a fernlike appearance (of cervical mucus etc.).
fetation the formation of a fetus in the womb; pregnancy.
fibrillation uncoordinated contraction of muscle-fibres in the heart.
fibrinolysis the usually enzymatic breakdown of fibrin.
fibrinolytic relating to fibrinolysis.
fibrocyte a normally inactive fibroblast which proliferates following tissue damage.
fibrose to form fibrous tissue.
galactorrhea a too abundant flow of milk.
gastrolith a stone ingested by an animal to aid in digestion.
gluconeogenesis the conversion of non-carbohydrate substances, eg amino acids, into glucose.
gluconeogenic relating to gluconeogenesis, the conversion of non-carbohydrate substances, eg amino acids, into glucose.
glycogenesis the synthesis of glycogen.
glycogenetic of or containing glycogen.
glyconeogenesis the conversion of non-carbohydrate substances, eg amino acids, into glucose.
glycopeptide any of the compounds formed by the conjugation of a protein with a substance containing a carbohydrate group other than a nucleic acid.
gomphosis the growth of teeth into the bone cavity.
gravida (Lat.) a pregnant woman.
greenstick designating a bone fracture in a young person in which the bone is partly bent and partly broken.
haemagglutinate to cause the clumping of red blood cells in (a blood sample).
haematogenesis the production of blood.
haematogenetic relating to haematogenesis, the production of blood.
haematogenic relating to haematogenesis, the production of blood.
haematogenous relating to haematogenesis, the production of blood.
haematolysis breaking up of red blood corpuscles.
haematopoiesis the formation of blood.
haematopoietic relating to haematopoiesis, the formation of blood.
haemodilution an increase in the fluid content of blood leading to a lower concentration of red blood cells.
haemodynamic of or relating to blood circulation.
haemolyse to break down red blood cells.
haemolysin any substance, esp an antibody, that causes the breakdown of red blood cells.
haemolysis breaking up of red blood-corpuscles.
haemolytic relating to haemolysis, the breaking up of red blood-corpuscles.
haemolyze to break down red blood cells.
haemopoiesis the formation of blood.
haemopoietic relating to haemopoiesis, the formation of blood.
haemostasia the stoppage of bleeding or the circulation.
haemostasis stoppage of bleeding or the circulation.
hemagglutinate to cause the clumping of red blood cells in (a blood sample).
hematogenesis the production of blood.
hematogenetic relating to hematogenesis, the production of blood.
hematolysis the disintegration of red blood cells, with the release of haemoglobin, occurring in the living organism or in a blood sample.
hematopoiesis the formation of blood.
hematopoietic relating to hematopoiesis, the formation of blood.
hematosis the formation of blood; conversion of venous into arterial blood.
hemodilution decreased concentration of cells and solids in the blood resulting from gain of fluid.
hemodynamic relating to hemodynamics.
hemolyse to break down red blood cells.
hemolysin a substance that causes the dissolution of red blood cells.
hemolysis destruction of red blood corpuscles.
hemolytic destroying red blood corpuscles.
hemolyze to break down red blood cells.
hemopoiesis the formation of blood.
hemostasia the stopping of bleeding or arrest of blood circulation in an organ or part, as during a surgical operation.
hemostasis stoppage of bleeding or circulation.
histolysis the decay and dissolution of the organic tissues and of the blood.
histolytic of or pertaining to histolysis, or the degeneration of tissues.
histolytically (Adv.) HISTOLYTIC, of or pertaining to histolysis, or the degeneration of tissues.
homeothermism the maintenance of a constant body temperature.
homoeostasis a tendency towards health or stable physical conditions.
homomorphosis regeneration of a lost part in the original form.
horripilate to produce the erection of hairs on the head or body.
hyalinise of tissue, to change to a firm, glassy consistency.
hyalinize of tissue, to change to a firm, glassy consistency.
hyperextend to extend so that the angle between bones of a joint is greater than normal.
hypermetabolic relaitng to hypermetabolism, the physiological state of increased rate of metabolic activity.
hypermetabolism the physiological state of increased rate of metabolic activity.
hyperpituitary relating to increased hormone secretion by the pituitary body.
hypinosis a diminution in the normal amount of fibrin present in the blood.
hypnogenous relating to the production of hypnotic sleep.
immunize to make immune.
immunocompetent relating to immunocompetence, the capacity of the immune system to distinguish and neutralize antigenic or foreign matter.
immunogenesis the production of an immune response.
immunoreaction the reaction between an antigen and its antibody.
immunosuppress to inhibit the body's immune response.
impaction the driving of one fragment of bone into another so that the fragments are not movable upon each other.
inbreathe to infuse by breathing; to inspire.
indigest not digested, shapeless; (noun) a confused mass; (verb) to suffer indigestion.
indigestive dyspeptic.
ingraftation the act of ingrafting.
inhale to take air into the lungs.
insufflation the act of breathing into or upon.
interoception sensitivity to stimuli originating inside of the body.
intrapartum of or relating to childbirth.
intravasation the entrance of externally formed matter into vessels.
intussuscept to take in by or cause to undergo intussusception.
invagination the act of invaginating.
ionophoresis the migration of charged particles, eg of a drug, into body tissue.
isoantigen an antigen that stimulates antibody production in different members of the same species.
isoantigenic relating to an isoantigen.
juvenescence the state of growing young.
keloid a hard growth of scar tissue.
keloidal relating to a keloid, a hard growth of scar tissue.
ketogenic relating to ketogenesis, the production of ketones in diabetes.
kinaesthesia a sense of the body's movement or of muscular effort.
kinaesthesis a sense of the body's movement or of muscular effort.
kinaesthetic relating to kinaesthesia.
lachrymation the secretion of tears.
lacrimation the secretion of tears.
lacrymal relating to tears; (noun) a gland that produces tears.
laryngospasm spasmodic closure of the larynx.
leucocytolysis breaking down of the leucocytes.
leucopoiesis the formation of leucocytes.
leucopoietic relating to leucopoiesis, the formation of leucocytes.
leukocytolysis the destruction of leucocytes.
leukopoiesis the formation of white blood cells.
leukopoietic relating to leukopoiesis.
lochia (Greek) the discharge from the womb and vagina which follows childbirth.
lochial of or pertaining to the lochia, the discharge from the womb and vagina which follows childbirth.
luteinisation the process of stimulation to the ovary, whereby ovulation occurs and a corpus luteum is formed.
luteinization the process of stimulation to the ovary, whereby ovulation occurs and a corpus luteum is formed.
lymphocytosis a great increase in leukocytes.
lymphocytotic relating to lymphocytosis, a great increase in leukocytes.
lymphopoiesis the formation of lymphatic tissue or lymphocytes.
lymphopoietic relating to lymphopoiesis, the formation of lymphatic tissue or lymphocytes.
melanisation darkening of the skin pigment.
melanization darkening of the skin pigment.
melanogenesis the formation of melanin.
menarche (Greek) the first menstruation.
menarcheal relating to the menarche.
menarchial relating to the menarche.
menopausal relating to the menopause.
menopause the period during which a woman's menstrual cycle ceases.
menopausic relating to the menopause.
menorrhea normal menstrual bleeding.
menorrhoea normal menstrual bleeding.
menstrual relating to menstruation.
menstrually (Adv.) MENSTRUAL, relating to menstruation.
menstruate to undergo menstruation.
menstruation the monthly discharge through the vagina of blood and other substances from the uterus in non-pregnant adult females.
metabolise to change by a metabolic process.
metabolize to change by a metabolic process.
miction (Obs.) the voiding of urine.
micturate to urinate.
mucinogen a substance forming mucus.
mucose of or like mucus.
mucosity the state of being mucous.
mucous of or like mucus.
mucus the slimy fluid secreted by various membranes in the body, which it moistens and protects.
myoelectric of, relating to, or utilizing electricity generated by muscle.
myoelectrical of, relating to, or utilizing electricity generated by muscle.
neogenesis the regeneration of tissue.
neogenetic relating to neogenesis, the regeneration of tissue.
neurogenic caused or stimulated by the nervous system, as opposed to myogenic, having a muscular origin.
neurogenically (Adv.) NEUROGENIC, caused or stimulated by the nervous system.
neurotrophy nutrition of the nervous system; the influence of the nervous system on nutrition.
nummulation the arrangement of blood corpuscles in rouleaus.
obstetric relating to the care of women during pregnancy.
obstetrical relating to the care of women during pregnancy.
obstetrically (Adv.) OBSTETRICAL, relating to the care of women during pregnancy.
occlusion the closing of an opening, passage or cavity.
opsonify to form opsonins in, a substance of blood serum making bacteria vulnerable to phagocytic action.
opsonise to make (bacteria) more susceptible to consumption by phagocytes.
opsonize to make (bacteria) more susceptible to consumption by phagocytes.
osteogen a substance or layer from which bone is formed.
osteogenesis the production or formation of bone.
osteogenetic relating to the formation of bone.
osteogenic relating to the formation of bone.
osteogenous of or like an osteogen.
osteogeny the formation or growth of bone.
osteosis the formation of bone.
ostosis bone formation, ossification.
oxyntic of or denoting stomach cells that secrete acid.
paraphonia alteration of the voice; as at puberty.
paraphonic relating to paraphonia, alteration of the voice; as at puberty.
parenteral entering the body by injection rather than through digestion.
parenterally (Adv.) PARENTERAL, entering the body by injection rather than through digestion.
parietal a wall of a body part or cavity.
pee the letter P; (verb) to urinate.
peptic relating to digestion; promoting digestion.
pepticity being peptic.
peptonise to make (a protein) soluble by partial predigestion, esp in the treatment of food.
peptoniser an agent that peptonises.
peptonize to make (a protein) soluble by partial predigestion, esp in the treatment of food.
peptonizer an agent that peptonizes.
perimenopause the period around the onset of menopause that is often marked by various physical signs (as hot flashes and menstrual irregularity).
periosteal situated around bone; of or pertaining to the periosteum.
peristalsis the movement of the food through the gut.
peristaltic relating to peristalsis.
peristaltically (Adv.) PERISTALTIC, relating to peristalsis.
postpartum (Lat.) relating to the period after childbirth.
preterm born prematurely; (noun) a preterm baby.
pseudocyesis false pregnancy.
pseudopregnancy false pregnancy.
pseudopregnant relating to pseudopregnancy.
psychogalvanic as in psychogalvanic response, a change in the electrical properties of the skin in response to stress or anxiety.
puerperal of or relating to childbirth.
puerperally (Adv.) PUERPERAL, of or relating to childbirth.
puerperium (Lat.) the condition immediately following childbirth.
pulsific exciting the pulse; causing pulsation.
recrement a waste product of an organism.
recrementitial of or like recrement, waste, dross.
redigest to digest again.
redigestion the act of redigesting.
regurgitate to bring back into the mouth after swallowing.
regurgitation an act of regurgitating.
respiration breathing; the taking in of oxygen and giving out of carbon dioxide.
respirational related to respiration.
respiratory related to respiration.
retroversion the bending backward of the uterus and cervix.
ructation (Obs.) belching.
scab a crust on a wound (verb) to work as a blackleg
scablike like a scab.
sebific producing fatty matter.
secreta (Lat.) secreted matter; products of secretion.
shit (Sl.) excrement (verb) to defecate
shite (Sl.) to shit.
sphygmoid like a pulse.
sphygmus (Greek) the pulse.
spiration the act of breathing.
splenisation conversion (eg of the lung) into a spongy, spleenlike substance.
steatolysis the breaking down of fat esp by digestion.
stomachic of the stomach; promoting digestion; (noun) a stomachic medicine.
superovulate to produce a larger number of ova than usual, eg under stimulus of injected hormones.
suppuration the discharge of pus.
sympathin a substance secreted by sympathetic nerve-endings, which constricts and dilates blood-vessels.
symphyseal relating to symphysis, the union or growing together of bones.
symphysial relating to symphysis, the union or growing together of bones.
symphysis the union or growing together of bones.
symphystic relating to symphysis, the union or growing together of bones.
symphytic relating to symphysis, the union or growing together of bones.
synarthrosis the fixed articulation of bones.
synchondrosis synarthrosis in which the bone surfaces are connected by cartilage.
synostosis a complete union of bones.
syntenosis the connection of bones by tendons.
systaltic of the nature of contraction, esp with alternate contraction and dilatation.
telangiectasis dilatation of the small arteries or capillaries.
thrombolysis the breaking up of a blood clot.
transudation the act of transuding.
transudatory relating to transudation.
traumatonasty a nastic movement after wounding.
tricrotic of (a tracing of) the pulse, showing three undulations for each beat of the heart.
tricrotism that condition of the arterial pulse in which there is a triple beat.
tricrotous of (a tracing of) the pulse, showing three undulations for each beat of the heart.
trypsinogen the inactive substance from which trypsin is formed in the duodenum.
undigested not digested.
ureotelic eliminating unneeded nitrogen in the form of urea.
ureotelism the state of being ureotelic, excreting nitrogen in the form of urea.
uricotelic eliminating excess nitrogen as uric acid.
uricotelism the state of being uricotelic.
urinate to discharge urine.
urination the act of voiding urine.
urine the usually amber liquid produced by the kidneys, the chief means of excreting nitrogenous waste; (verb) to urinate.
uriniferous bearing urine.
uriniparous producing urine.
urogenous producing or produced in urine.
uropoiesis the formation of urine.
vasodilatation dilatation of blood vessels.
vasodilatatory relating to vasodilatation.
vasodilation the dilatation of blood vessels.
vergence the simultaneous turning of both eyes either inwards or outwards when changing focus.
vesiculate to become vesicular.
waz (Dial.) to urinate.
wazz (Dial.) to urinate.
weewee (Coll.) urine; the act of urinating; (verb) to urinate.
widdle a child's word for to urinate.
xanthochromia any yellowish discoloration, esp of the cerebrospinal fluid.